Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/195084
Title:
Dorsal-Ventral Patterning in the Mud Snail, Ilyanassa obsoleta
Author:
Wandelt, Jessica Eve
Issue Date:
2005
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
The experiments reported here describe mechanisms involved in the establishment of the dorsal-ventral axis in the mud snail, Ilyanassa obsoleta. Ilyanassa and other spiralians utilize an embryonic organizer to induce dorsal identity, and thus establish the bilateral axis. The D macromere embryonic organizer in Ilyanassa is specified at the four-cell stage by the inheritance of the polar lobe, but does not function as an inductive center until the 24-cell stage. Previously it was assumed that the D macromere of Ilyanassa functioned autonomously through its inheritance of the polar lobe. I have found this is not the case. Rather, I describe the role that the micromeres play in the activation of the D macromere organizer. Specifically, I have found that micromeres of the first and second quartet are necessary for at least three known characteristics of the D macromere: the activation of MAPK in the D macromere, the division of the D macromere, and the inductive capacity of the D macromere. Thus, while the polar lobe is necessary for D macromere function, its inheritance does not provide the D macromere with functional autonomy.The localized activation of MAPK was the first molecular component of dorsal-ventral patterning to be identified in Ilyanassa and other spiralians. In addition to being activated in the D macromere organizer, MAPK is also activated in the micromeres that are induced by the D macromere. I undertook a pharmacological screen to identify other components involved in dorsal-ventral patterning. I have found that a member of the Protein Kinase C (PKC) family is also involved in the establishment of the dorsal-ventral axis in Ilyanassa. Inhibition of PKC disrupts patterning, resulting in a radialized animal. In addition, I have found that PKC functions in the same path as MAPK. PKC is necessary for the proper activation of MAPK in the D macromere organizer and the micromeres. These results suggest that either the same transduction pathway is used repeatedly in the establishment of the dorsal-ventral axis or that patterning is the result of one global signal. These results drastically change our view of dorsal-ventral patterning during spiralian development.
Type:
text; Electronic Dissertation
Keywords:
Molecular & Cellular Biology
Degree Name:
PhD
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Molecular & Cellular Biology; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Committee Chair:
Nagy, Lisa M

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoENen_US
dc.titleDorsal-Ventral Patterning in the Mud Snail, Ilyanassa obsoletaen_US
dc.creatorWandelt, Jessica Eveen_US
dc.contributor.authorWandelt, Jessica Eveen_US
dc.date.issued2005en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractThe experiments reported here describe mechanisms involved in the establishment of the dorsal-ventral axis in the mud snail, Ilyanassa obsoleta. Ilyanassa and other spiralians utilize an embryonic organizer to induce dorsal identity, and thus establish the bilateral axis. The D macromere embryonic organizer in Ilyanassa is specified at the four-cell stage by the inheritance of the polar lobe, but does not function as an inductive center until the 24-cell stage. Previously it was assumed that the D macromere of Ilyanassa functioned autonomously through its inheritance of the polar lobe. I have found this is not the case. Rather, I describe the role that the micromeres play in the activation of the D macromere organizer. Specifically, I have found that micromeres of the first and second quartet are necessary for at least three known characteristics of the D macromere: the activation of MAPK in the D macromere, the division of the D macromere, and the inductive capacity of the D macromere. Thus, while the polar lobe is necessary for D macromere function, its inheritance does not provide the D macromere with functional autonomy.The localized activation of MAPK was the first molecular component of dorsal-ventral patterning to be identified in Ilyanassa and other spiralians. In addition to being activated in the D macromere organizer, MAPK is also activated in the micromeres that are induced by the D macromere. I undertook a pharmacological screen to identify other components involved in dorsal-ventral patterning. I have found that a member of the Protein Kinase C (PKC) family is also involved in the establishment of the dorsal-ventral axis in Ilyanassa. Inhibition of PKC disrupts patterning, resulting in a radialized animal. In addition, I have found that PKC functions in the same path as MAPK. PKC is necessary for the proper activation of MAPK in the D macromere organizer and the micromeres. These results suggest that either the same transduction pathway is used repeatedly in the establishment of the dorsal-ventral axis or that patterning is the result of one global signal. These results drastically change our view of dorsal-ventral patterning during spiralian development.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeElectronic Dissertationen_US
dc.subjectMolecular & Cellular Biologyen_US
thesis.degree.namePhDen_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineMolecular & Cellular Biologyen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.chairNagy, Lisa Men_US
dc.contributor.committeememberBurd, Gailen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberPatterson, Bruceen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberParker, Royen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberWard, Samen_US
dc.identifier.proquest1361en_US
dc.identifier.oclc137355247en_US
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