Photoinitiated Dynamics of Cluster Anions via Photoelectron Imaging and Photofragment Mass Spectrometry

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/195042
Title:
Photoinitiated Dynamics of Cluster Anions via Photoelectron Imaging and Photofragment Mass Spectrometry
Author:
Velarde, Luis Antonio
Issue Date:
2008
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
Mass-selected cluster anions are employed as model micro-solutions to study solvent effects on the structural motifs and electronic structure of anionic solutes, including the roles of the solvent in controlling the outcomes of photochemical processes. Interaction of light with cluster anions can potentially lead to cluster photodissociation in addition to photodetachment. We investigate these competing processes by means of photoelectron imaging spectroscopy combined with tandem time-of-flight (TOF) mass spectrometry. Photoelectron images are reported for members of the [(CO2)n(H2O)m]- cluster series. For homogeneous solvation, the photodetachment bands show evidence of cluster core switching between a CO2- monomer anion and a covalent (CO2)2- dimer anionic core, confirming previous observations. The Photoelectron Angular Distributions (PADs) of the monomer- and dimer-based clusters reveal an interference effect that result in similar PADs. Stabilization of the metastable CO2- anion by water solvent molecules is highlighted because its ability to "trap" the excess electron on CO2. Most surprising is the effect of the water solvent in quenching the autodetachment channel in excited states normally embedded in the electron detachment continuum, allowing excited CO2-(H2O)m clusters to follow reaction paths that lead to cluster fragmentation. Observed O- based photoproducts are attributed to photodissociation of the CO2- cluster core and are dominant for small parent clusters, whereas a water evaporation channel dominates for larger clusters. Addition of a second CO2 to these clusters is shown to preferentially form monomer based clusters, whose photodissociation exhibit an additional CO3- based channel, characteristic of a photoinitiated intracluster ion-molecule reaction between nascent O- and the additional CO2 solvent molecule. Changes in the PADs of NO- are monitored as a function of electron kinetic energy for the NO-(N2O)n and NO-(H2O)n cluster anions. In contrast with hydration, angular distributions become progressively more isotropic for the N2O case, particularly when the photoelectron kinetic energies are in the vicinity of the 2Pi shape resonance of the N2O solvent molecules. First time observation of the CH3SOCH- anion of dimethylsulfoxide is reported along with the photoelectron images of this organic anion and of the monohydrated cluster. Observed photodissociation products are HCSO- and SO-.
Type:
text; Electronic Dissertation
Keywords:
Photoelectron Imaging; Cluster Anions; Photodissociation; Electron Scattering
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Chemistry; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Sanov, Andrei M.
Committee Chair:
Sanov, Andrei M.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titlePhotoinitiated Dynamics of Cluster Anions via Photoelectron Imaging and Photofragment Mass Spectrometryen_US
dc.creatorVelarde, Luis Antonioen_US
dc.contributor.authorVelarde, Luis Antonioen_US
dc.date.issued2008en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractMass-selected cluster anions are employed as model micro-solutions to study solvent effects on the structural motifs and electronic structure of anionic solutes, including the roles of the solvent in controlling the outcomes of photochemical processes. Interaction of light with cluster anions can potentially lead to cluster photodissociation in addition to photodetachment. We investigate these competing processes by means of photoelectron imaging spectroscopy combined with tandem time-of-flight (TOF) mass spectrometry. Photoelectron images are reported for members of the [(CO2)n(H2O)m]- cluster series. For homogeneous solvation, the photodetachment bands show evidence of cluster core switching between a CO2- monomer anion and a covalent (CO2)2- dimer anionic core, confirming previous observations. The Photoelectron Angular Distributions (PADs) of the monomer- and dimer-based clusters reveal an interference effect that result in similar PADs. Stabilization of the metastable CO2- anion by water solvent molecules is highlighted because its ability to "trap" the excess electron on CO2. Most surprising is the effect of the water solvent in quenching the autodetachment channel in excited states normally embedded in the electron detachment continuum, allowing excited CO2-(H2O)m clusters to follow reaction paths that lead to cluster fragmentation. Observed O- based photoproducts are attributed to photodissociation of the CO2- cluster core and are dominant for small parent clusters, whereas a water evaporation channel dominates for larger clusters. Addition of a second CO2 to these clusters is shown to preferentially form monomer based clusters, whose photodissociation exhibit an additional CO3- based channel, characteristic of a photoinitiated intracluster ion-molecule reaction between nascent O- and the additional CO2 solvent molecule. Changes in the PADs of NO- are monitored as a function of electron kinetic energy for the NO-(N2O)n and NO-(H2O)n cluster anions. In contrast with hydration, angular distributions become progressively more isotropic for the N2O case, particularly when the photoelectron kinetic energies are in the vicinity of the 2Pi shape resonance of the N2O solvent molecules. First time observation of the CH3SOCH- anion of dimethylsulfoxide is reported along with the photoelectron images of this organic anion and of the monohydrated cluster. Observed photodissociation products are HCSO- and SO-.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeElectronic Dissertationen_US
dc.subjectPhotoelectron Imagingen_US
dc.subjectCluster Anionsen_US
dc.subjectPhotodissociationen_US
dc.subjectElectron Scatteringen_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineChemistryen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorSanov, Andrei M.en_US
dc.contributor.chairSanov, Andrei M.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberSanov, Andrei M.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberKukolich, Stephenen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberSmith, Marken_US
dc.contributor.committeememberAspinwall, Craig A.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberDenton, M. Bonneren_US
dc.identifier.proquest2693en_US
dc.identifier.oclc659749700en_US
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