Using OASIS Data to Assess Moderator Effects of Patient Characteristics on Telemonitoring Outcomes in Heart Failure Patients

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/195023
Title:
Using OASIS Data to Assess Moderator Effects of Patient Characteristics on Telemonitoring Outcomes in Heart Failure Patients
Author:
Vallina, Helen
Issue Date:
2009
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
This study had two purposes: 1) to compare the difference between home health care only and home health care plus telemonitoring on heart failure patients' symptom burden, self-care of heart failure and re-hospitalization; and 2) to explore which patient characteristics might moderate telemonitoring's impact.Heart failure has emerged as a major public health burden. Like other chronic conditions, heart failure patients have an important role to play in the day-to-day management of their condition. One of the principal reasons for introducing telemonitoring in home health care was to increase heart failure patients' capacity to self-manage their conditions at home.This study used a prospective, non-experimental, comparative, descriptive design. A total of 68 participants were recruited with 34 in each group. Symptom burden and self-care of heart failure were measured on enrollment and 40 days later. Hospitalization was measured as an event that either occurred or did not occur.Although no between-group differences in symptom burden were found, both groups showed significant decreased symptom burden over the 40-day period. Of the three self-care measures, only self-care maintenance differed significantly between the two groups at the 40-day follow-up (p<.05). Only the participant's functional status had significant moderator effect on the relation between type of service received and self-care maintenance (p<.05).The addition of telemonitoring produced similar outcomes to regular home health care, except for self-care maintenance. Like most prior study, this study focused on evaluating the overall relationship between telemonitoring and outcomes without concern for the transformation process. Although these evaluation were able to provide an overall assessment of whether or not the telemonitoring program worked, they cannnot identify the underlying mechanisms that generate the effects. Without knowing what make the program work or not work, it is difficult to pinpoint what needs to be done for future improvement. A theory-oriented evaluation will be needed in future research. Theory-oriented evaluation not only allow reseachers to clarify the connection between a program's operation and its effect, but also to specify intermediate effects of a program that might become evident and measurable.
Type:
text; Electronic Dissertation
Keywords:
Heart Failure; Home Health Care; Moderator; Telemonitoring
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Nursing; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Effken, Judith
Committee Chair:
Effken, Judith

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoENen_US
dc.titleUsing OASIS Data to Assess Moderator Effects of Patient Characteristics on Telemonitoring Outcomes in Heart Failure Patientsen_US
dc.creatorVallina, Helenen_US
dc.contributor.authorVallina, Helenen_US
dc.date.issued2009en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractThis study had two purposes: 1) to compare the difference between home health care only and home health care plus telemonitoring on heart failure patients' symptom burden, self-care of heart failure and re-hospitalization; and 2) to explore which patient characteristics might moderate telemonitoring's impact.Heart failure has emerged as a major public health burden. Like other chronic conditions, heart failure patients have an important role to play in the day-to-day management of their condition. One of the principal reasons for introducing telemonitoring in home health care was to increase heart failure patients' capacity to self-manage their conditions at home.This study used a prospective, non-experimental, comparative, descriptive design. A total of 68 participants were recruited with 34 in each group. Symptom burden and self-care of heart failure were measured on enrollment and 40 days later. Hospitalization was measured as an event that either occurred or did not occur.Although no between-group differences in symptom burden were found, both groups showed significant decreased symptom burden over the 40-day period. Of the three self-care measures, only self-care maintenance differed significantly between the two groups at the 40-day follow-up (p<.05). Only the participant's functional status had significant moderator effect on the relation between type of service received and self-care maintenance (p<.05).The addition of telemonitoring produced similar outcomes to regular home health care, except for self-care maintenance. Like most prior study, this study focused on evaluating the overall relationship between telemonitoring and outcomes without concern for the transformation process. Although these evaluation were able to provide an overall assessment of whether or not the telemonitoring program worked, they cannnot identify the underlying mechanisms that generate the effects. Without knowing what make the program work or not work, it is difficult to pinpoint what needs to be done for future improvement. A theory-oriented evaluation will be needed in future research. Theory-oriented evaluation not only allow reseachers to clarify the connection between a program's operation and its effect, but also to specify intermediate effects of a program that might become evident and measurable.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeElectronic Dissertationen_US
dc.subjectHeart Failureen_US
dc.subjectHome Health Careen_US
dc.subjectModeratoren_US
dc.subjectTelemonitoringen_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineNursingen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorEffken, Judithen_US
dc.contributor.chairEffken, Judithen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberReed, Pamelaen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberVincent, Deborahen_US
dc.identifier.proquest10712en_US
dc.identifier.oclc659753501en_US
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