Bone Mineralization in a Murine Model of Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/195007
Title:
Bone Mineralization in a Murine Model of Inflammatory Bowel Disease
Author:
Uno, Jennifer Kikue
Issue Date:
2006
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
Reduced bone mass is a common complication of human inflammatory bowel disease, however, the mechanisms that contribute to osteopenia are not completely understood. Cytokines are up regulated in IBD patients and have been shown to have detrimental effects on osteoblasts. PHEX is expressed predominantly in osteoblasts; disruption of the PHEX gene results in defective bone mineralization and renal phosphate wasting. We hypothesize that PHEX gene expression as well as overall Pi homeostasis are altered in individuals with IBD and therefore, may contribute to alterations in bone mineral density observed in individuals with IBD. In vivo studies: 6-7 week old Balb/C mice were intrarectally instilled with TNBS or 50% ethanol. Animals were treated with or without neutralizing anti-TNFα antibody, dietary curcumin, or systemically with recombinant TNFα. RNA was prepared from bone and gene expression was analyzed by PCR. Kidney and small bowel were harvested from control and TNBS treated animals and embedded in paraffin for immunohistochemical analysis. In vitro studies: Cells were treated with IFNγ, IL1-β, IL-6, or TNFα and RNA was collected for real-time PCR analysis. UMR-106 cells were transfected with Phex promoter constructs. PHEX is down-regulated in mice with chemically induced colitis and in the mice injected with TNFα, this decrease was attenuated by curcumin and TNFα antibody. TNFα decreased endogenous levels of PHEX mRNA, protein, and inhibited spontateous mineralization in UMR-106 cells. This regulation occured at a transcriptional level and it appears that the proximal poly-A region of the PHEX promoter played a significant role in downregulation of Phex expression. Phosphatonin expression was not altered in TNFα-treated UMR-106 osteoblasts. Cytokines were unable to alter phosphatonin mRNA expression in UMR-106 cells and no changes in phosphatonin expression were observed in vivo. Intestinal NaPi-IIb mRNA expression decreased in TNBS-treated animals although immunohistochemical analysis did not reveal any changes in cellular localization of NaPi-IIb protein. Renal NaPi-IIa mRNA did not change in TNBS-treated animals however, immunohistochemical analysis revealed internalization of NaPi-IIa from the apical membrane. In conclusion, decreased phosphate absorption in the kidney along with altered Phex gene expression may contribute to decreased bone mineral density observed in IBD patients.
Type:
text; Electronic Dissertation
Keywords:
IBD; osteoporosis; inflammation; Colitis; null
Degree Name:
PhD
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Physiological Sciences; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Committee Chair:
Ghishan, Fayez K

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoENen_US
dc.titleBone Mineralization in a Murine Model of Inflammatory Bowel Diseaseen_US
dc.creatorUno, Jennifer Kikueen_US
dc.contributor.authorUno, Jennifer Kikueen_US
dc.date.issued2006en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractReduced bone mass is a common complication of human inflammatory bowel disease, however, the mechanisms that contribute to osteopenia are not completely understood. Cytokines are up regulated in IBD patients and have been shown to have detrimental effects on osteoblasts. PHEX is expressed predominantly in osteoblasts; disruption of the PHEX gene results in defective bone mineralization and renal phosphate wasting. We hypothesize that PHEX gene expression as well as overall Pi homeostasis are altered in individuals with IBD and therefore, may contribute to alterations in bone mineral density observed in individuals with IBD. In vivo studies: 6-7 week old Balb/C mice were intrarectally instilled with TNBS or 50% ethanol. Animals were treated with or without neutralizing anti-TNFα antibody, dietary curcumin, or systemically with recombinant TNFα. RNA was prepared from bone and gene expression was analyzed by PCR. Kidney and small bowel were harvested from control and TNBS treated animals and embedded in paraffin for immunohistochemical analysis. In vitro studies: Cells were treated with IFNγ, IL1-β, IL-6, or TNFα and RNA was collected for real-time PCR analysis. UMR-106 cells were transfected with Phex promoter constructs. PHEX is down-regulated in mice with chemically induced colitis and in the mice injected with TNFα, this decrease was attenuated by curcumin and TNFα antibody. TNFα decreased endogenous levels of PHEX mRNA, protein, and inhibited spontateous mineralization in UMR-106 cells. This regulation occured at a transcriptional level and it appears that the proximal poly-A region of the PHEX promoter played a significant role in downregulation of Phex expression. Phosphatonin expression was not altered in TNFα-treated UMR-106 osteoblasts. Cytokines were unable to alter phosphatonin mRNA expression in UMR-106 cells and no changes in phosphatonin expression were observed in vivo. Intestinal NaPi-IIb mRNA expression decreased in TNBS-treated animals although immunohistochemical analysis did not reveal any changes in cellular localization of NaPi-IIb protein. Renal NaPi-IIa mRNA did not change in TNBS-treated animals however, immunohistochemical analysis revealed internalization of NaPi-IIa from the apical membrane. In conclusion, decreased phosphate absorption in the kidney along with altered Phex gene expression may contribute to decreased bone mineral density observed in IBD patients.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeElectronic Dissertationen_US
dc.subjectIBDen_US
dc.subjectosteoporosisen_US
dc.subjectinflammationen_US
dc.subjectColitisen_US
dc.subjectnullen_US
thesis.degree.namePhDen_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplinePhysiological Sciencesen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.chairGhishan, Fayez Ken_US
dc.contributor.committeememberHaussler, Mark R.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberStamer, W. Danielen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberWright, Stephenen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberXu, Huaen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberKiela, Pawel R.en_US
dc.identifier.proquest1650en_US
dc.identifier.oclc137356629en_US
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