Biomimetic Materials Processing: Implementation of Molecular Imprinting and Study of Biomineralization Through the Development of an Agarose Gel Assay

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/194902
Title:
Biomimetic Materials Processing: Implementation of Molecular Imprinting and Study of Biomineralization Through the Development of an Agarose Gel Assay
Author:
Boggavarapu, Sajiv
Issue Date:
2006
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
Biomimetics is defined as an approach in which naturally occurring materials processes are mimicked in laboratory situations. The ultimate goal is to develop synthetic analogues of naturally occurring materials such as bone and teeth, classified as biocomposites, which possess similar chemical and mechanical properties. The work presented here provides the initial work in furthering the progress of biomimetic materials processing.The first element of the work utilizes molecular imprinting as a selective recognition, or sensing tool, for detection of low molecular weight organic molecules. Molecular imprinting is a phenomenon in which crosslinked synthetic polymers exhibit selective binding towards small organic molecules. Initial work in the field was done in which numerous processing steps were involved with bulk polymer samples while the achievement here lies in the development of molecular imprinted polymer films which greatly facilitate the processing and characterization. Molecularly imprinted polymers are sometimes referred to as artificial antibodies due to the selective binding aspects that are highly analogous to natural antibodies.Additional work involves transforming the recognition aspects of molecular imprinting into a biomineralization analogue. Biomineralization is the process in which organisms convert freely soluble minerals (namely calcium carbonates and calcium phosphates) into solid parts, such as bones and teeth, at ambient conditions via the influence of organic molecules such as proteins and carbohydrates. The molecular imprinting approach with biomineralization led to limited success but formed the foundation for a more detailed study into the effects of small organic functional groups (COOH-, OH-) on the growth of calcium carbonates and calcium phosphates, the core components of important biocomposites such as bone.In order to study the effects of organic molecules on the calcium based crystals, a mineralization assay was developed in an agarose gel matrix for studying inhibition and growth as influenced by various organic molecule functionalities. The gel mineralization assay is a novel approach in which quantitative and qualitative data could be generated in a high throughput fashion to determine organic molecule mediation of calcium based crystal growth. Such methods provide an approach for eventually providing control in development of synthetic biocomposites with customized materials properties.
Type:
text; Electronic Dissertation
Keywords:
molecular imprinting; selective recognition; biomineralization; gel mineralization
Degree Name:
PhD
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Materials Science & Engineering; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Zelinski, Brian
Committee Chair:
Zelinski, Brian

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoENen_US
dc.titleBiomimetic Materials Processing: Implementation of Molecular Imprinting and Study of Biomineralization Through the Development of an Agarose Gel Assayen_US
dc.creatorBoggavarapu, Sajiven_US
dc.contributor.authorBoggavarapu, Sajiven_US
dc.date.issued2006en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractBiomimetics is defined as an approach in which naturally occurring materials processes are mimicked in laboratory situations. The ultimate goal is to develop synthetic analogues of naturally occurring materials such as bone and teeth, classified as biocomposites, which possess similar chemical and mechanical properties. The work presented here provides the initial work in furthering the progress of biomimetic materials processing.The first element of the work utilizes molecular imprinting as a selective recognition, or sensing tool, for detection of low molecular weight organic molecules. Molecular imprinting is a phenomenon in which crosslinked synthetic polymers exhibit selective binding towards small organic molecules. Initial work in the field was done in which numerous processing steps were involved with bulk polymer samples while the achievement here lies in the development of molecular imprinted polymer films which greatly facilitate the processing and characterization. Molecularly imprinted polymers are sometimes referred to as artificial antibodies due to the selective binding aspects that are highly analogous to natural antibodies.Additional work involves transforming the recognition aspects of molecular imprinting into a biomineralization analogue. Biomineralization is the process in which organisms convert freely soluble minerals (namely calcium carbonates and calcium phosphates) into solid parts, such as bones and teeth, at ambient conditions via the influence of organic molecules such as proteins and carbohydrates. The molecular imprinting approach with biomineralization led to limited success but formed the foundation for a more detailed study into the effects of small organic functional groups (COOH-, OH-) on the growth of calcium carbonates and calcium phosphates, the core components of important biocomposites such as bone.In order to study the effects of organic molecules on the calcium based crystals, a mineralization assay was developed in an agarose gel matrix for studying inhibition and growth as influenced by various organic molecule functionalities. The gel mineralization assay is a novel approach in which quantitative and qualitative data could be generated in a high throughput fashion to determine organic molecule mediation of calcium based crystal growth. Such methods provide an approach for eventually providing control in development of synthetic biocomposites with customized materials properties.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeElectronic Dissertationen_US
dc.subjectmolecular imprintingen_US
dc.subjectselective recognitionen_US
dc.subjectbiomineralizationen_US
dc.subjectgel mineralizationen_US
thesis.degree.namePhDen_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineMaterials Science & Engineeringen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorZelinski, Brianen_US
dc.contributor.chairZelinski, Brianen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberDeymier, Pierreen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberLombardi, Johnen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberCollins, Jamesen_US
dc.identifier.proquest1608en_US
dc.identifier.oclc137356549en_US
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