Nutritional Studies on Pecans [Carya illinoinensis L. (Wangenh.) C. Koch] Growing in Irrigated Alkaline Soils

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/194206
Title:
Nutritional Studies on Pecans [Carya illinoinensis L. (Wangenh.) C. Koch] Growing in Irrigated Alkaline Soils
Author:
Nuñez Moreno, Jesus Humberto
Issue Date:
2009
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
Annual application of N at rates of 118 (118N), 236 (236N), and 354 (354N) kg•ha⁻¹ on 35 year old 'Western Schley' pecan trees during four years had little effect on mineral composition and foliar N. No differences in yield, nut quality, and reproductive characteristics were found. Alternate bearing intensity in four consecutive years was 37, 33 and 28% in 118N, 236N, and 354N, respectively, with a significant linear response. Rates from 118 to 236 kg N•ha⁻¹ satisfy N needs for pecan in irrigated pecan orchard of the southwest of United States. The effect of one-time banding of zinc sulfate (74 kg Zn•ha⁻¹) and zinc-EDTA (19 kg Zn•ha⁻¹) was evaluated over a period of four years on ‘Wichita’ pecans growing in alkaline soil. Significant differences in foliar Zn levels were found one month after application of Zinc-EDTA. Differences also were noted during the next three years on approximately 25% of the sampling dates. Yield, leaflet area, and trunk cross sectional area were not affected. Zinc-EDTA increased Zn uptake by 'Wichita' pecan trees in alkaline conditions during three years. A field study indicated that manure or manure plus Zn increased foliar Zn levels in pecans after two years of annual applications. Manure (24 ton ha⁻¹) plus zinc sulfate (258 kg Zn•ha⁻¹ as zinc sulfate) treatment had the highest foliar Zn levels. No differences were observed in trunk growth, leaf area, leaf weight, nut filling, and yield. Manganese toxicity symptoms are exhibited when leaf Mn levels are higher than 1700 μg•g⁻¹ during the standard date sampling of July and affected reproductive characteristics and leaf and shoot growth. More severe visible symptoms include delayed budbreak and die-back of young shoots. In potted pecan trees, zinc EDTA treated trees had a foliar Zn of 244 μg•g⁻¹, in foliar sprayed trees (eight foliar sprays of a combination of zinc sulfate and UAN32) had 140 μg•g⁻¹, and in control trees had 33 μg•g⁻¹. Soil adsorption isotherms showed that of the three fertilizers evaluated Zn sulfate was adsorbed most strongly by the soil (1.5 mg Zn•g⁻¹ of soil). Soil adsorption from Zn EDTA solutions was insignificant.
Type:
text; Electronic Dissertation
Keywords:
Fertilization; Manganese; Nitrogen; Nutrition; Pecan; Zinc
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Soil, Water & Environmental Science; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Committee Chair:
Walworth, James L.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoENen_US
dc.titleNutritional Studies on Pecans [Carya illinoinensis L. (Wangenh.) C. Koch] Growing in Irrigated Alkaline Soilsen_US
dc.creatorNuñez Moreno, Jesus Humbertoen_US
dc.contributor.authorNuñez Moreno, Jesus Humbertoen_US
dc.date.issued2009en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractAnnual application of N at rates of 118 (118N), 236 (236N), and 354 (354N) kg•ha⁻¹ on 35 year old 'Western Schley' pecan trees during four years had little effect on mineral composition and foliar N. No differences in yield, nut quality, and reproductive characteristics were found. Alternate bearing intensity in four consecutive years was 37, 33 and 28% in 118N, 236N, and 354N, respectively, with a significant linear response. Rates from 118 to 236 kg N•ha⁻¹ satisfy N needs for pecan in irrigated pecan orchard of the southwest of United States. The effect of one-time banding of zinc sulfate (74 kg Zn•ha⁻¹) and zinc-EDTA (19 kg Zn•ha⁻¹) was evaluated over a period of four years on ‘Wichita’ pecans growing in alkaline soil. Significant differences in foliar Zn levels were found one month after application of Zinc-EDTA. Differences also were noted during the next three years on approximately 25% of the sampling dates. Yield, leaflet area, and trunk cross sectional area were not affected. Zinc-EDTA increased Zn uptake by 'Wichita' pecan trees in alkaline conditions during three years. A field study indicated that manure or manure plus Zn increased foliar Zn levels in pecans after two years of annual applications. Manure (24 ton ha⁻¹) plus zinc sulfate (258 kg Zn•ha⁻¹ as zinc sulfate) treatment had the highest foliar Zn levels. No differences were observed in trunk growth, leaf area, leaf weight, nut filling, and yield. Manganese toxicity symptoms are exhibited when leaf Mn levels are higher than 1700 μg•g⁻¹ during the standard date sampling of July and affected reproductive characteristics and leaf and shoot growth. More severe visible symptoms include delayed budbreak and die-back of young shoots. In potted pecan trees, zinc EDTA treated trees had a foliar Zn of 244 μg•g⁻¹, in foliar sprayed trees (eight foliar sprays of a combination of zinc sulfate and UAN32) had 140 μg•g⁻¹, and in control trees had 33 μg•g⁻¹. Soil adsorption isotherms showed that of the three fertilizers evaluated Zn sulfate was adsorbed most strongly by the soil (1.5 mg Zn•g⁻¹ of soil). Soil adsorption from Zn EDTA solutions was insignificant.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeElectronic Dissertationen_US
dc.subjectFertilizationen_US
dc.subjectManganeseen_US
dc.subjectNitrogenen_US
dc.subjectNutritionen_US
dc.subjectPecanen_US
dc.subjectZincen_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineSoil, Water & Environmental Scienceen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.chairWalworth, James L.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberSilvertooth, Jeffrey C.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberGlenn, Edward P.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberKilby, Michael W.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberHeerema, Richard J.en_US
dc.identifier.proquest10359en_US
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