The Analysis of Two Receptor-like Kinases Redundantly Required for Pattern Formation during Arabidopsis Embryogenesis

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/194199
Title:
The Analysis of Two Receptor-like Kinases Redundantly Required for Pattern Formation during Arabidopsis Embryogenesis
Author:
Nodine, Michael
Issue Date:
2007
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
The coordination of various cellular differentiation and morphogenetic programs during plant embryogenesis is required to establish the basic adult body plan. The molecular basis of these patterning events remains to be fully understood. In particular, little is known about the roles of cell-cell signaling during embryonic pattern formation.I identified two receptor-like kinases, RECEPTOR-LIKE PROTEIN KINASE1 (RPK1) and TOADSTOOL2 (TOAD2), redundantly required for Arabidopsis thaliana embryonic pattern formation. Genetic analysis indicates that RPK1 and TOAD2 have overlapping embryonic functions. The zygotic gene dosage of TOAD2 in an rpk1 background is of critical importance, suggesting that signaling mediated by RPK1 and TOAD2 must be above a threshold level for proper embryo development. The localization of RPK1 and TOAD2 translational fusions to GFP coupled with the analysis of cell-type specific markers indicate that RPK1 and TOAD2 are redundantly required for both pattern formation along the radial axis and differentiation of the basal pole during early embryogenesis.I found that RPK1 and TOAD2 also have overlapping functions required for cotyledon primordia initiation during Arabidopsis embryogenesis. Genetic analyses indicate that cotyledon initiation is sensitive to TOAD2 gene dosage in an rpk1 background. Analysis of cell-specific markers suggest that RPK1 and TOAD2 are primarily required for the differentiation of cell types (i.e. the central domain protoderm) subjacent to the cotyledon primordia, and that the cotyledon initiation defects are caused by defects in the central domain protoderm. In addition, RPK1-GFP and TOAD2-GFP translational fusions had overlapping localization patterns in the central domain protodermal cells when cotyledon primordia were first recognizable. I propose that RPK1 and TOAD2 are primarily required to maintain central domain protoderm cell fate and that the loss of this key embryonic cell type in mutant embryos results in patterning defects throughout the embryo including the failure to initiate cotyledon primordia.This work has identified two putative receptors for cell-cell signals that mediate key patterning events during plant embryogenesis. The future identification of components in the RPK1 and/or TOAD2 signaling pathways will yield further insight into the molecular basis of the generation and assembly of diverse embryonic cell types.
Type:
text; Electronic Dissertation
Keywords:
Molecular & Cellular Biology
Degree Name:
PhD
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Molecular & Cellular Biology; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Tax, Frans E.
Committee Chair:
Tax, Frans E.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoENen_US
dc.titleThe Analysis of Two Receptor-like Kinases Redundantly Required for Pattern Formation during Arabidopsis Embryogenesisen_US
dc.creatorNodine, Michaelen_US
dc.contributor.authorNodine, Michaelen_US
dc.date.issued2007en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractThe coordination of various cellular differentiation and morphogenetic programs during plant embryogenesis is required to establish the basic adult body plan. The molecular basis of these patterning events remains to be fully understood. In particular, little is known about the roles of cell-cell signaling during embryonic pattern formation.I identified two receptor-like kinases, RECEPTOR-LIKE PROTEIN KINASE1 (RPK1) and TOADSTOOL2 (TOAD2), redundantly required for Arabidopsis thaliana embryonic pattern formation. Genetic analysis indicates that RPK1 and TOAD2 have overlapping embryonic functions. The zygotic gene dosage of TOAD2 in an rpk1 background is of critical importance, suggesting that signaling mediated by RPK1 and TOAD2 must be above a threshold level for proper embryo development. The localization of RPK1 and TOAD2 translational fusions to GFP coupled with the analysis of cell-type specific markers indicate that RPK1 and TOAD2 are redundantly required for both pattern formation along the radial axis and differentiation of the basal pole during early embryogenesis.I found that RPK1 and TOAD2 also have overlapping functions required for cotyledon primordia initiation during Arabidopsis embryogenesis. Genetic analyses indicate that cotyledon initiation is sensitive to TOAD2 gene dosage in an rpk1 background. Analysis of cell-specific markers suggest that RPK1 and TOAD2 are primarily required for the differentiation of cell types (i.e. the central domain protoderm) subjacent to the cotyledon primordia, and that the cotyledon initiation defects are caused by defects in the central domain protoderm. In addition, RPK1-GFP and TOAD2-GFP translational fusions had overlapping localization patterns in the central domain protodermal cells when cotyledon primordia were first recognizable. I propose that RPK1 and TOAD2 are primarily required to maintain central domain protoderm cell fate and that the loss of this key embryonic cell type in mutant embryos results in patterning defects throughout the embryo including the failure to initiate cotyledon primordia.This work has identified two putative receptors for cell-cell signals that mediate key patterning events during plant embryogenesis. The future identification of components in the RPK1 and/or TOAD2 signaling pathways will yield further insight into the molecular basis of the generation and assembly of diverse embryonic cell types.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeElectronic Dissertationen_US
dc.subjectMolecular & Cellular Biologyen_US
thesis.degree.namePhDen_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineMolecular & Cellular Biologyen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorTax, Frans E.en_US
dc.contributor.chairTax, Frans E.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberBosco, Gioen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberNagy, Lisaen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberSchumaker, Karenen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberYadegari, Raminen_US
dc.identifier.proquest2288en_US
dc.identifier.oclc659748140en_US
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