Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/194173
Title:
Regulation of the human delta opioid receptor
Author:
Navratilova, Edita
Issue Date:
2007
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
Regulation of the human delta opioid receptor (hDOR) is implicated in the development of tolerance to chronic morphine (Zhu et al., 1999). In addition, DORs are promising analgesic targets for the management of chronic pain states such as inflammatory or neuropathic pain (Cahill et al., 2007). Therefore, in this study, we investigated multiple aspects of hDOR regulation, including receptor phosphorylation, beta-arrestin binding, receptor internalization, down-regulation and desensitization, using recombinant Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells expressing the wild-type or various mutant hDOR constructs. We found that structurally diverse delta opioid agonists regulate the hDOR by different mechanisms. We demonstrate that morphine is able to activate the initial step of the regulatory events, phosphorylation of S363, but due to requirements for simultaneous activation of multiple sites, morphine fails to promote beta-arrestin binding, receptor internalization and down-regulation. We also report that peptide delta opioid receptor agonists and a non-peptide agonist SNC80 differ in their ability to down-regulate the hDOR. Further differences in receptor phosphorylation, desensitization and beta-arrestin translocation between these two classes of full DOR agonists are reveled by truncation of the receptor's C-terminus or by mutation of the primary phosphorylation site, S363. Studies using the mutant receptors identify the C-terminus as the important domain for hDOR phosphorylation, beta-arrestin binding and down-regulation by both peptide and non-peptide agonists. S363 within the C-terminus is critically involved in receptor phosphorylation, desensitization and down-regulation, but not in beta-arrestin binding and receptor internalization. In contrast to peptide agonists, SNC80 is able to phosphorylate and activate secondary intracellular domain(s), in addition to the C-terminus, which participate in beta-arrestin recruitment and receptor desensitization and down-regulation. Therefore, agonist-specific differences were detected for multiple regulatory events between morphine, peptide agonists and SNC80. Differential agonist-mediated regulation of the human delta opioid receptor may be used to design pain therapy drugs with improved analgesic properties and minimal side effects.
Type:
text; Electronic Dissertation
Keywords:
opioid receptor; G protein-coupled receptor; receptor regulation
Degree Name:
PhD
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Medical Pharmacology; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Yamamura, Henry I.
Committee Chair:
Yamamura, Henry I.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoENen_US
dc.titleRegulation of the human delta opioid receptoren_US
dc.creatorNavratilova, Editaen_US
dc.contributor.authorNavratilova, Editaen_US
dc.date.issued2007en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractRegulation of the human delta opioid receptor (hDOR) is implicated in the development of tolerance to chronic morphine (Zhu et al., 1999). In addition, DORs are promising analgesic targets for the management of chronic pain states such as inflammatory or neuropathic pain (Cahill et al., 2007). Therefore, in this study, we investigated multiple aspects of hDOR regulation, including receptor phosphorylation, beta-arrestin binding, receptor internalization, down-regulation and desensitization, using recombinant Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells expressing the wild-type or various mutant hDOR constructs. We found that structurally diverse delta opioid agonists regulate the hDOR by different mechanisms. We demonstrate that morphine is able to activate the initial step of the regulatory events, phosphorylation of S363, but due to requirements for simultaneous activation of multiple sites, morphine fails to promote beta-arrestin binding, receptor internalization and down-regulation. We also report that peptide delta opioid receptor agonists and a non-peptide agonist SNC80 differ in their ability to down-regulate the hDOR. Further differences in receptor phosphorylation, desensitization and beta-arrestin translocation between these two classes of full DOR agonists are reveled by truncation of the receptor's C-terminus or by mutation of the primary phosphorylation site, S363. Studies using the mutant receptors identify the C-terminus as the important domain for hDOR phosphorylation, beta-arrestin binding and down-regulation by both peptide and non-peptide agonists. S363 within the C-terminus is critically involved in receptor phosphorylation, desensitization and down-regulation, but not in beta-arrestin binding and receptor internalization. In contrast to peptide agonists, SNC80 is able to phosphorylate and activate secondary intracellular domain(s), in addition to the C-terminus, which participate in beta-arrestin recruitment and receptor desensitization and down-regulation. Therefore, agonist-specific differences were detected for multiple regulatory events between morphine, peptide agonists and SNC80. Differential agonist-mediated regulation of the human delta opioid receptor may be used to design pain therapy drugs with improved analgesic properties and minimal side effects.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeElectronic Dissertationen_US
dc.subjectopioid receptoren_US
dc.subjectG protein-coupled receptoren_US
dc.subjectreceptor regulationen_US
thesis.degree.namePhDen_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineMedical Pharmacologyen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorYamamura, Henry I.en_US
dc.contributor.chairYamamura, Henry I.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberStamer, William D.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberVarga, Eva V.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberRoeske, William R.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberBloom, John W.en_US
dc.identifier.proquest2031en_US
dc.identifier.oclc659747154en_US
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