Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/194155
Title:
Multi-dimensional Hydrodynamics of Core-collapse Supernovae
Author:
Murphy, Jeremiah Wayne
Issue Date:
2008
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
Core-collapse supernovae are some of the most energetic events in the Universe, they herald the birth of neutron stars and black holes, are a major site for nucleosynthesis, influence galactic hydrodynamics, and trigger further star formation. As such, it is important to understand the mechanism of explosion. Moreover, observations imply that asymmetries are, in the least, a feature of the mechanism, and theory suggests that multi-dimensional hydrodynamics may be crucial for successful explosions. In this dissertation, we present theoretical investigations into the multi-dimensional nature of the supernova mechanism. It had been suggested that nuclear reactions might excite non-radial g-modes (the ε-mechanism) in the cores of progenitors, leading to asymmetric explosions. We calculate the eigenmodes for a large suite of progenitors including excitation by nuclear reactions and damping by neutrino and acoustic losses. Without exception, we find unstable g-modes for each progenitor. However, the timescales for growth are at least an order of magnitude longer than the time until collapse. Thus, the ε-mechanism does not provide appreciable amplification of non-radial modes before the core undergoes collapse. Regardless, neutrino-driven convection, the standing accretion shock instability, and other instabilities during the explosion provide ample asymmetry. To adequately simulate these, we have developed a new hydrodynamics code, BETHE-hydro that uses the Arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian (ALE) approach, includes rotational terms, solves Poisson’s equation for gravity on arbitrary grids, and conserves energy and momentum in its basic implementation. By using time dependent arbitrary grids that can adapt to the numerical challenges of the problem, this code offers unique flexibility in simulating astrophysical phenomena. Finally, we use BETHE-hydro to investigate the conditions and criteria for supernova explosions by the neutrino mechanism. We find that a critical luminosity/ mass-accretion-rate condition distinguishes non-exploding from exploding models in hydrodynamic 1D and 2D simulations. Importantly, the critical luminosity for 2D simulations is found to be ∼70% of the critical luminosity for 1D simulations. We identify the specifics ofmulti-dimensional hydrodynamic simulations that enable explosions at lower neutrino luminosities in 2D and discuss how these results might foreshadow successful explosions by eventual 3D radiation-hydrodynamic simulations.
Type:
text; Electronic Dissertation
Keywords:
Multi-dimensional; Hydrodynamics; Stellar evolution; Core-collapse Supernovae; Instabilities
Degree Name:
PhD
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Astronomy; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Burrows, Adam S.
Committee Chair:
Burrows, Adam S.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoENen_US
dc.titleMulti-dimensional Hydrodynamics of Core-collapse Supernovaeen_US
dc.creatorMurphy, Jeremiah Wayneen_US
dc.contributor.authorMurphy, Jeremiah Wayneen_US
dc.date.issued2008en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractCore-collapse supernovae are some of the most energetic events in the Universe, they herald the birth of neutron stars and black holes, are a major site for nucleosynthesis, influence galactic hydrodynamics, and trigger further star formation. As such, it is important to understand the mechanism of explosion. Moreover, observations imply that asymmetries are, in the least, a feature of the mechanism, and theory suggests that multi-dimensional hydrodynamics may be crucial for successful explosions. In this dissertation, we present theoretical investigations into the multi-dimensional nature of the supernova mechanism. It had been suggested that nuclear reactions might excite non-radial g-modes (the ε-mechanism) in the cores of progenitors, leading to asymmetric explosions. We calculate the eigenmodes for a large suite of progenitors including excitation by nuclear reactions and damping by neutrino and acoustic losses. Without exception, we find unstable g-modes for each progenitor. However, the timescales for growth are at least an order of magnitude longer than the time until collapse. Thus, the ε-mechanism does not provide appreciable amplification of non-radial modes before the core undergoes collapse. Regardless, neutrino-driven convection, the standing accretion shock instability, and other instabilities during the explosion provide ample asymmetry. To adequately simulate these, we have developed a new hydrodynamics code, BETHE-hydro that uses the Arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian (ALE) approach, includes rotational terms, solves Poisson’s equation for gravity on arbitrary grids, and conserves energy and momentum in its basic implementation. By using time dependent arbitrary grids that can adapt to the numerical challenges of the problem, this code offers unique flexibility in simulating astrophysical phenomena. Finally, we use BETHE-hydro to investigate the conditions and criteria for supernova explosions by the neutrino mechanism. We find that a critical luminosity/ mass-accretion-rate condition distinguishes non-exploding from exploding models in hydrodynamic 1D and 2D simulations. Importantly, the critical luminosity for 2D simulations is found to be ∼70% of the critical luminosity for 1D simulations. We identify the specifics ofmulti-dimensional hydrodynamic simulations that enable explosions at lower neutrino luminosities in 2D and discuss how these results might foreshadow successful explosions by eventual 3D radiation-hydrodynamic simulations.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeElectronic Dissertationen_US
dc.subjectMulti-dimensionalen_US
dc.subjectHydrodynamicsen_US
dc.subjectStellar evolutionen_US
dc.subjectCore-collapse Supernovaeen_US
dc.subjectInstabilitiesen_US
thesis.degree.namePhDen_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineAstronomyen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorBurrows, Adam S.en_US
dc.contributor.chairBurrows, Adam S.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberEisenstein, Danielen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberLiebert, Jimen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberFan, Xiaohuien_US
dc.contributor.committeememberWalker, Chrisen_US
dc.identifier.proquest2805en_US
dc.identifier.oclc659749857en_US
All Items in UA Campus Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.