Electrochemical Deactivation of Nitrate, Arsenate, and Trichloroethylene

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/194084
Title:
Electrochemical Deactivation of Nitrate, Arsenate, and Trichloroethylene
Author:
Mishra, Dhananjay
Issue Date:
2006
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
This research investigated the mechanism, kinetics and feasibility of nitrate, arsenate, and trichloroethylene inactivation on zerovalent iron (ZVI), mixed-valent iron oxides, and boron doped diamond film electrode surfaces, respectively. Nitrate ( ) is a common co-contaminant at sites remediated using permeable reactive barriers (PRBs). Therefore, understanding nitrate reactions with ZVI is important for understanding the performance of PRBs. This study investigated the reaction mechanisms of with ZVI under conditions relevant to groundwater treatment. Tafel analysis and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy were used to probe the surface reactions. Batch experiments were used to study the reaction rate of with freely corroding and cathodically protected iron wires. The removal kinetics for the air formed oxide (AFO) were 2.5 times slower than that of water formed oxide (WFO).This research also investigated the use of slowly corroding magnetite (Fe3O4) and wustite (FeO) as reactive adsorbent media for removing As(V) from potable water. Observed corrosion rates for mixed valent iron oxides were found to be 15 times slower than that of zerovalent iron under similar conditions. Electrochemical and batch and column experiments were performed to study the corrosion behavior and gain a deeper understanding on the effects of water chemistry and operating parameters, such as, empty bed contact times, influent arsenic concentrations, dissolved oxygen levels and solution pH values and other competing ions. Reaction products were analyzed by X-Ray diffraction and XPS to determine the fate of the arsenic.This research also investigated use of boron doped diamond film electrodes for reductive dechlorination of trichloroethylene (TCE). TCE reduction resulted in nearly stoichiometric production of acetate. Rates of TCE reduction were found to be independent of the electrode potential at potentials below -1 V with respect to the standard hydrogen electrode (SHE). However, at smaller overpotentials, rates of TCE reduction were dependent on the electrode potential. Short lived species analysis and density functional simulations indicate that TCE reduction may occur by formation of a surface complex between TCE and carbonyl groups present on the surface.
Type:
text; Electronic Dissertation
Keywords:
Electrochemical; Arsenic; TCE; Nitrate; Zerovalent Iron; Boron doped diamond (BDD) film electrode; Wustite; Magnetite
Degree Name:
PhD
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Environmental Engineering; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Farrell, James
Committee Chair:
Farrell, James

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoENen_US
dc.titleElectrochemical Deactivation of Nitrate, Arsenate, and Trichloroethyleneen_US
dc.creatorMishra, Dhananjayen_US
dc.contributor.authorMishra, Dhananjayen_US
dc.date.issued2006en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractThis research investigated the mechanism, kinetics and feasibility of nitrate, arsenate, and trichloroethylene inactivation on zerovalent iron (ZVI), mixed-valent iron oxides, and boron doped diamond film electrode surfaces, respectively. Nitrate ( ) is a common co-contaminant at sites remediated using permeable reactive barriers (PRBs). Therefore, understanding nitrate reactions with ZVI is important for understanding the performance of PRBs. This study investigated the reaction mechanisms of with ZVI under conditions relevant to groundwater treatment. Tafel analysis and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy were used to probe the surface reactions. Batch experiments were used to study the reaction rate of with freely corroding and cathodically protected iron wires. The removal kinetics for the air formed oxide (AFO) were 2.5 times slower than that of water formed oxide (WFO).This research also investigated the use of slowly corroding magnetite (Fe3O4) and wustite (FeO) as reactive adsorbent media for removing As(V) from potable water. Observed corrosion rates for mixed valent iron oxides were found to be 15 times slower than that of zerovalent iron under similar conditions. Electrochemical and batch and column experiments were performed to study the corrosion behavior and gain a deeper understanding on the effects of water chemistry and operating parameters, such as, empty bed contact times, influent arsenic concentrations, dissolved oxygen levels and solution pH values and other competing ions. Reaction products were analyzed by X-Ray diffraction and XPS to determine the fate of the arsenic.This research also investigated use of boron doped diamond film electrodes for reductive dechlorination of trichloroethylene (TCE). TCE reduction resulted in nearly stoichiometric production of acetate. Rates of TCE reduction were found to be independent of the electrode potential at potentials below -1 V with respect to the standard hydrogen electrode (SHE). However, at smaller overpotentials, rates of TCE reduction were dependent on the electrode potential. Short lived species analysis and density functional simulations indicate that TCE reduction may occur by formation of a surface complex between TCE and carbonyl groups present on the surface.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeElectronic Dissertationen_US
dc.subjectElectrochemicalen_US
dc.subjectArsenicen_US
dc.subjectTCEen_US
dc.subjectNitrateen_US
dc.subjectZerovalent Ironen_US
dc.subjectBoron doped diamond (BDD) film electrodeen_US
dc.subjectWustiteen_US
dc.subjectMagnetiteen_US
thesis.degree.namePhDen_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineEnvironmental Engineeringen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorFarrell, Jamesen_US
dc.contributor.chairFarrell, Jamesen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberEla, Wendellen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberField, Jamesen_US
dc.identifier.proquest1784en_US
dc.identifier.oclc659747548en_US
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