Prehistoric Wall Decoration in the American Southwest: A Behavioral Approach

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/194060
Title:
Prehistoric Wall Decoration in the American Southwest: A Behavioral Approach
Author:
Meyers, Julia Isabell
Issue Date:
2007
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
Major social and demographic changes occurred during the Pueblo IV Period (AD 1300-1600) in the American Southwest. Small scattered communities aggregated into large settlement centers with more complex social organization during this period. Mural paintings created at this time are dramatically different stylistically from murals created before the social and demographic shift. At Homol'ovi in northeastern Arizona, these mural changes were accompanied by changes in plastering behaviors, including the development of distinct pigment use patterns.The hypothesis of the present study is that the visual performance characteristics of Hopi wall decorations, such as pigment sources, wall plaster colors and mural painting motifs, were part of a complex communicative system that changed as social power relationships changed and new rituals were established to support and legitimize the new social organization.Using inexpensive optical plaster and mural analysis techniques and XRF analysis of pigment samples from the ancestral Hopi sites of Homol'ovi I, Homol'ovi II and Chevelon, this research demonstrates the significance of wall decorations as social and political indicators marking transitions that occurred during the Pueblo IV and contact periods.
Type:
text; Electronic Dissertation
Keywords:
Southwest; mural paintings; plaster; behavioral archaeology; Homol'ovi; conservation
Degree Name:
PhD
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Anthropology; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Adams, E. Charles
Committee Chair:
Adams, E. Charles

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoENen_US
dc.titlePrehistoric Wall Decoration in the American Southwest: A Behavioral Approachen_US
dc.creatorMeyers, Julia Isabellen_US
dc.contributor.authorMeyers, Julia Isabellen_US
dc.date.issued2007en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractMajor social and demographic changes occurred during the Pueblo IV Period (AD 1300-1600) in the American Southwest. Small scattered communities aggregated into large settlement centers with more complex social organization during this period. Mural paintings created at this time are dramatically different stylistically from murals created before the social and demographic shift. At Homol'ovi in northeastern Arizona, these mural changes were accompanied by changes in plastering behaviors, including the development of distinct pigment use patterns.The hypothesis of the present study is that the visual performance characteristics of Hopi wall decorations, such as pigment sources, wall plaster colors and mural painting motifs, were part of a complex communicative system that changed as social power relationships changed and new rituals were established to support and legitimize the new social organization.Using inexpensive optical plaster and mural analysis techniques and XRF analysis of pigment samples from the ancestral Hopi sites of Homol'ovi I, Homol'ovi II and Chevelon, this research demonstrates the significance of wall decorations as social and political indicators marking transitions that occurred during the Pueblo IV and contact periods.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeElectronic Dissertationen_US
dc.subjectSouthwesten_US
dc.subjectmural paintingsen_US
dc.subjectplasteren_US
dc.subjectbehavioral archaeologyen_US
dc.subjectHomol'ovien_US
dc.subjectconservationen_US
thesis.degree.namePhDen_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineAnthropologyen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorAdams, E. Charlesen_US
dc.contributor.chairAdams, E. Charlesen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberGriffin-Pierce, P.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberOdegaard, N.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberSchlegel, A.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberSchiffer, M. B.en_US
dc.identifier.proquest2434en_US
dc.identifier.oclc659748351en_US
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