Instrumentation and Kinetic Studies of Surface-Induced Dissociation in a Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometer

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/193928
Title:
Instrumentation and Kinetic Studies of Surface-Induced Dissociation in a Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometer
Author:
Majuwana Gamage, Chaminda
Issue Date:
2006
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
The surface-induced dissociation (SID) method is introduced into a Bruker matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometer (MALDI TOF MS) as an efficient ion fragmentation method. Ion trajectory calculations using the SIMION 7.0 ion optics program are performed and results are combined with simple unimolecular decay calculations in order to study the kinetics of the SID processes. In this instrument, the observation time frame for SID fragments lies in the submicrosecond region, allowing the specific detection of submicrosecond fragmentation channels. MALDI-produced protonated peptides in the mass range of 700 - 1500 Da and radical ions produced by laser irradiation of fullerenes C60 and C70 are fragmented at a gold surface coated with a self-assembled monolayer of alkanethiol to obtain TOF SID TOF mass spectra. For the SID of peptides in the hyperthermal energy regime, a fragmentation time frame of tens to a few hundreds of nanoseconds was calculated for the observed fast fragmentation channels (Chapters 3 and 4). Theoretical and experimental peak shape comparisons assuming unimolecular decay kinetics indicated a log rate constant in the range 6 - 7 (Chapter 4). Energy and mass resolved kinetic studies are also carried out. The contribution of special structural features to peptide fragmentation and the possibility of different fragmentation mechanisms such as sequential and parallel pathways are investigated. The results indicate a unimolecular decay process for observed fast peptide fragments ruling out a surface-shattering mechanism. Fullerene ions, especially C60+., showed a fragmentation behavior producing C2n+. fragments with an even number of C units at collision energies in the range of 100 - 400 eV (Chapter 5). At around 400 eV, additional small fragments appeared that are apart by only a single C unit. According to the calculated fragmentation times and the theoretical and experimental peak shape comparisons assuming unimolecular decay kinetics, both these processes may be approximated by parallel fast unimolecular decay processes with fragmentation time frames of tens to hundreds of nanoseconds although the poor theoretical and experimental peak shape matching for example in the decay of C60+. to C19+. may suggest deviations from a one-step unimolecular decay process.
Type:
text; Electronic Dissertation
Keywords:
peptide fragmentation; surface-induced dissociation; unimolecular decay; MALDI TOF; TOF instrumentation; fullerene
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Chemistry; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Committee Chair:
Wysocki, Vicki H.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleInstrumentation and Kinetic Studies of Surface-Induced Dissociation in a Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometeren_US
dc.creatorMajuwana Gamage, Chamindaen_US
dc.contributor.authorMajuwana Gamage, Chamindaen_US
dc.date.issued2006en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractThe surface-induced dissociation (SID) method is introduced into a Bruker matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometer (MALDI TOF MS) as an efficient ion fragmentation method. Ion trajectory calculations using the SIMION 7.0 ion optics program are performed and results are combined with simple unimolecular decay calculations in order to study the kinetics of the SID processes. In this instrument, the observation time frame for SID fragments lies in the submicrosecond region, allowing the specific detection of submicrosecond fragmentation channels. MALDI-produced protonated peptides in the mass range of 700 - 1500 Da and radical ions produced by laser irradiation of fullerenes C60 and C70 are fragmented at a gold surface coated with a self-assembled monolayer of alkanethiol to obtain TOF SID TOF mass spectra. For the SID of peptides in the hyperthermal energy regime, a fragmentation time frame of tens to a few hundreds of nanoseconds was calculated for the observed fast fragmentation channels (Chapters 3 and 4). Theoretical and experimental peak shape comparisons assuming unimolecular decay kinetics indicated a log rate constant in the range 6 - 7 (Chapter 4). Energy and mass resolved kinetic studies are also carried out. The contribution of special structural features to peptide fragmentation and the possibility of different fragmentation mechanisms such as sequential and parallel pathways are investigated. The results indicate a unimolecular decay process for observed fast peptide fragments ruling out a surface-shattering mechanism. Fullerene ions, especially C60+., showed a fragmentation behavior producing C2n+. fragments with an even number of C units at collision energies in the range of 100 - 400 eV (Chapter 5). At around 400 eV, additional small fragments appeared that are apart by only a single C unit. According to the calculated fragmentation times and the theoretical and experimental peak shape comparisons assuming unimolecular decay kinetics, both these processes may be approximated by parallel fast unimolecular decay processes with fragmentation time frames of tens to hundreds of nanoseconds although the poor theoretical and experimental peak shape matching for example in the decay of C60+. to C19+. may suggest deviations from a one-step unimolecular decay process.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeElectronic Dissertationen_US
dc.subjectpeptide fragmentationen_US
dc.subjectsurface-induced dissociationen_US
dc.subjectunimolecular decayen_US
dc.subjectMALDI TOFen_US
dc.subjectTOF instrumentationen_US
dc.subjectfullereneen_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineChemistryen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.chairWysocki, Vicki H.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberWysocki, Vicki H.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberSaavedra, Scotten_US
dc.contributor.committeememberArmstrong, Neal R.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberLichtenberger, Dennisen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberSmith, Marken_US
dc.identifier.proquest1579en_US
dc.identifier.oclc137356513en_US
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