Channel Access Mechanisms and Protocols for Opportunistic Cognitive Radio Networks

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/193865
Title:
Channel Access Mechanisms and Protocols for Opportunistic Cognitive Radio Networks
Author:
Bany Salameh, Haythem Ahmad Mohammed
Issue Date:
2009
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
High traffic load over the unlicensed portion of the radiospectrum (a.k.a., ISM bands) along with inefficient usage of thelicensed spectrum gave impetus for a new paradigm in spectrumallocation, whose main purpose is to improve spectrum efficiencythrough opportunistic access. Cognitive radios (CRs) havebeen proposed as a key enabling technology for such paradigm.Operating a CR network (CRN) without impacting the performance oflicensed (primary) users requires new protocols for informationexchange as well as mathematical tools to optimize thecontrollable parameters of the CRN. In this dissertation, wetarget the design of such protocols. First, we develop adistributed CRN MAC (COMAC) protocol that enables unlicensed usersto dynamically utilize the spectrum while limiting theinterference they inflict on primary (PR) users. The main noveltyin COMAC lies in not assuming a predefined CR-to-PR power mask andnot requiring coordination with PR users. Second, we propose anovel distance-dependent MAC protocol for CRNs in whicheach CR is equipped with multiple transceivers. Our protocol(called DDMAC) attempts to maximize the CRN throughput byfollowing a novel probabilistic channel assignment mechanism. Thismechanism exploits the dependence between the signal's attenuationmodel and the transmission distance while considering the trafficprofile. We show that through its distance- and traffic-aware,DDMAC significantly improves network throughput. Finally, weaddress the problem of assigning channels to CR transmissions,assuming one transceiver per CR. The main goal of our design is tomaximize the CRN throughput with respect to both spectrumassignment and transmission power. Specifically, we presentcentralized and distributed solutions that leverage the uniquecapabilities of CRs. Compared with previously proposed protocols,our schemes are shown to significantly improve network throughput.
Type:
text; Electronic Dissertation
Keywords:
Channel access; Cognitve radio networks; Spectrum sharing
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Electrical & Computer Engineering; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Krunz, Marwan
Committee Chair:
Krunz, Marwan

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoENen_US
dc.titleChannel Access Mechanisms and Protocols for Opportunistic Cognitive Radio Networksen_US
dc.creatorBany Salameh, Haythem Ahmad Mohammeden_US
dc.contributor.authorBany Salameh, Haythem Ahmad Mohammeden_US
dc.date.issued2009en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractHigh traffic load over the unlicensed portion of the radiospectrum (a.k.a., ISM bands) along with inefficient usage of thelicensed spectrum gave impetus for a new paradigm in spectrumallocation, whose main purpose is to improve spectrum efficiencythrough opportunistic access. Cognitive radios (CRs) havebeen proposed as a key enabling technology for such paradigm.Operating a CR network (CRN) without impacting the performance oflicensed (primary) users requires new protocols for informationexchange as well as mathematical tools to optimize thecontrollable parameters of the CRN. In this dissertation, wetarget the design of such protocols. First, we develop adistributed CRN MAC (COMAC) protocol that enables unlicensed usersto dynamically utilize the spectrum while limiting theinterference they inflict on primary (PR) users. The main noveltyin COMAC lies in not assuming a predefined CR-to-PR power mask andnot requiring coordination with PR users. Second, we propose anovel distance-dependent MAC protocol for CRNs in whicheach CR is equipped with multiple transceivers. Our protocol(called DDMAC) attempts to maximize the CRN throughput byfollowing a novel probabilistic channel assignment mechanism. Thismechanism exploits the dependence between the signal's attenuationmodel and the transmission distance while considering the trafficprofile. We show that through its distance- and traffic-aware,DDMAC significantly improves network throughput. Finally, weaddress the problem of assigning channels to CR transmissions,assuming one transceiver per CR. The main goal of our design is tomaximize the CRN throughput with respect to both spectrumassignment and transmission power. Specifically, we presentcentralized and distributed solutions that leverage the uniquecapabilities of CRs. Compared with previously proposed protocols,our schemes are shown to significantly improve network throughput.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeElectronic Dissertationen_US
dc.subjectChannel accessen_US
dc.subjectCognitve radio networksen_US
dc.subjectSpectrum sharingen_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineElectrical & Computer Engineeringen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorKrunz, Marwanen_US
dc.contributor.chairKrunz, Marwanen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberLazos, Loukasen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberRamasubramanian, Srinivasanen_US
dc.identifier.proquest10532en_US
dc.identifier.oclc659752264en_US
All Items in UA Campus Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.