Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/193761
Title:
Investigations of Optics in the 10-500 Wavelength Size Regime
Author:
Lang, Matthew
Issue Date:
2007
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
This dissertation investigates challenges associated with optics in the 10-500 wavelength size regime. For the visible spectrum, this size range (5-250um) is classified as micro-optics, but is set apart from other size ranges by a noticeable lack of suitable simulation and metrology tools. Optics of this size are gaining popularity in applications such as solid immersion lenses (SIL) and laser beam shaping, but require more research into simulation, testing, fabrication, and assembly in order to be easily integrated into commercial applications.A survey of previous work on SILs and micro-optics simulation/testing is given, including past work with gallium phosphide (GaP) microlenses. A new SIL aberration treatment is described using spherical-parent 3rd order aberrations. Agreement is shown with previous work, and the lack of hemisphere approximations gives a broader understanding of aberrations for varying SIL thicknesses. Results show that aberration reduces with lens radius, but thickness tolerances become tighter as dimensions shrink. A study of GaP intrinsic birefringence and the theoretical impact on the induced polarization signal is also given.A survey of beam propagation simulators is given and a sequential piece-wise diffraction (SPWD) simulator is developed for arbitrary optical systems that overcomes the difficulties of simulation in the 10-500 wavelength size regime. A discussion of a future extension to the work to determine reflected and transmitted field amplitudes with a non-sequential method is presented with specific discussion on the challenges of electric field surface transfer.The design and operation of a micro-interferometer is discussed and testing results from the first sub-100um diameter GaP SILs are shown. A novel method for determining the shape profile of aspheric surfaces using information from annular fringes is presented. Theoretical beam shaping applications for micro GaP lenses is also discussed with results using the SPWD method. Experimental results are also shown for a 1x1x0.3mm beam shaper package that images a laser diode beam to an approximate size of 60um at a working distance of 4mm.Finally, designs and experimental results are shown for the integration of GaP micro-optics into conventional systems as SILs or beam-shaping elements including methods and equipment for lapping and polishing GaP.
Type:
text; Electronic Dissertation
Keywords:
Micro-optics; diffraction; aberration; solid immersion lens; gallium phosphide; simulation
Degree Name:
PhD
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Optical Sciences; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Milster, Tom D
Committee Chair:
Milster, Tom D

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoENen_US
dc.titleInvestigations of Optics in the 10-500 Wavelength Size Regimeen_US
dc.creatorLang, Matthewen_US
dc.contributor.authorLang, Matthewen_US
dc.date.issued2007en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractThis dissertation investigates challenges associated with optics in the 10-500 wavelength size regime. For the visible spectrum, this size range (5-250um) is classified as micro-optics, but is set apart from other size ranges by a noticeable lack of suitable simulation and metrology tools. Optics of this size are gaining popularity in applications such as solid immersion lenses (SIL) and laser beam shaping, but require more research into simulation, testing, fabrication, and assembly in order to be easily integrated into commercial applications.A survey of previous work on SILs and micro-optics simulation/testing is given, including past work with gallium phosphide (GaP) microlenses. A new SIL aberration treatment is described using spherical-parent 3rd order aberrations. Agreement is shown with previous work, and the lack of hemisphere approximations gives a broader understanding of aberrations for varying SIL thicknesses. Results show that aberration reduces with lens radius, but thickness tolerances become tighter as dimensions shrink. A study of GaP intrinsic birefringence and the theoretical impact on the induced polarization signal is also given.A survey of beam propagation simulators is given and a sequential piece-wise diffraction (SPWD) simulator is developed for arbitrary optical systems that overcomes the difficulties of simulation in the 10-500 wavelength size regime. A discussion of a future extension to the work to determine reflected and transmitted field amplitudes with a non-sequential method is presented with specific discussion on the challenges of electric field surface transfer.The design and operation of a micro-interferometer is discussed and testing results from the first sub-100um diameter GaP SILs are shown. A novel method for determining the shape profile of aspheric surfaces using information from annular fringes is presented. Theoretical beam shaping applications for micro GaP lenses is also discussed with results using the SPWD method. Experimental results are also shown for a 1x1x0.3mm beam shaper package that images a laser diode beam to an approximate size of 60um at a working distance of 4mm.Finally, designs and experimental results are shown for the integration of GaP micro-optics into conventional systems as SILs or beam-shaping elements including methods and equipment for lapping and polishing GaP.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeElectronic Dissertationen_US
dc.subjectMicro-opticsen_US
dc.subjectdiffractionen_US
dc.subjectaberrationen_US
dc.subjectsolid immersion lensen_US
dc.subjectgallium phosphideen_US
dc.subjectsimulationen_US
thesis.degree.namePhDen_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineOptical Sciencesen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorMilster, Tom Den_US
dc.contributor.chairMilster, Tom Den_US
dc.contributor.committeememberSasian, Joseen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberPau, Stanleyen_US
dc.identifier.proquest2269en_US
dc.identifier.oclc659748111en_US
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