DESIGN, SYNTHESIS, NMR CONFORMATIONAL ANALYSIS AND DOCKING ANALYSIS OF NOVEL MULTIFUNCTIONAL MOLECULES FOR PAIN

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/193738
Title:
DESIGN, SYNTHESIS, NMR CONFORMATIONAL ANALYSIS AND DOCKING ANALYSIS OF NOVEL MULTIFUNCTIONAL MOLECULES FOR PAIN
Author:
Kumarasinghe, Isuru Ransiri
Issue Date:
2010
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
Currently, opioids are extensively used in clinical practices in order to treat pain in patients. However, prolonged administration of opioids are not feasible due to the development of side effects especially tolerance, constipation, addiction and dependence. Our drug design is mainly aimed to reduce opioid induce side effects such as development of tolerance. The first strategy examined involves design and synthesis of peptide based single molecules that have a mu agonist and delta agonist pharmacophore in combination with a COX2 inhibitory pharmacophore. A new molecule, 3-17 having good delta agonist activity, partial COX2 inhibitory activity and weak mu agonist activity was produced. Moreover, Investigation of the bioactivities of the synthesized ligands including 3-17 in terms of their ligand receptor interactions were probed using NMR conformational analysis along with docking analysis to the respective homology modeled mu and delta opioid receptors as well as the COX2 enzyme. As a further continuation of this work, instead of peptide based mu agonist and delta agonist type pharmacophore, the highly mu selective fentanyl pharmacophore was used in combination with a pyrazole based and a pyrazolone based COX pharmacophore. Based on the SAR study and docking analysis of synthesized ligands to the homology modeled mu opioid receptor, an ideal tolerant position without significant loss of mu opioid agonist activity for fentanyl were found. The second strategy involves design and synthesis of a peptide based single molecule that has a mu agonist and a delta antagonist pharmacophore in combination with a NK1 antagonist pharmacophore. A novel molecule (4-2) containing delta antagonist activity, weak mu agonist activity and NK1 antagonist activity was identified. Its homology modeled mu opioid receptor bound conformation was compared with that of reference ligands. Docking analysis of modified 4-2 to the homology modeled mu opioid receptor revealed that it can be further modified to obtain better mu agonist activity. 4-2 showed antinociception for 45 min period of time after injection in tail flick assay. In addition to studies that were directed to avoid tolerance development due to opioid administration, peptide based potential analgesics such as biphalin was modified by introducing more peptidomimetic character in order to enhance its blood brain barrier permeability and proteolytic stability. The novel molecule (6-7) was produced in this study and its antinociception lasted for 30 min period of time after injection in the tail flick assay.
Type:
text; Electronic Dissertation
Keywords:
COX 2 inhibitors; mutifunctional molecules; NMR conformational analysis; opioid induced tolerance; Opioids side effects; Substance P antagonist
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Chemistry; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Hruby, Victor J.
Committee Chair:
Hruby, Victor J.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleDESIGN, SYNTHESIS, NMR CONFORMATIONAL ANALYSIS AND DOCKING ANALYSIS OF NOVEL MULTIFUNCTIONAL MOLECULES FOR PAINen_US
dc.creatorKumarasinghe, Isuru Ransirien_US
dc.contributor.authorKumarasinghe, Isuru Ransirien_US
dc.date.issued2010en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractCurrently, opioids are extensively used in clinical practices in order to treat pain in patients. However, prolonged administration of opioids are not feasible due to the development of side effects especially tolerance, constipation, addiction and dependence. Our drug design is mainly aimed to reduce opioid induce side effects such as development of tolerance. The first strategy examined involves design and synthesis of peptide based single molecules that have a mu agonist and delta agonist pharmacophore in combination with a COX2 inhibitory pharmacophore. A new molecule, 3-17 having good delta agonist activity, partial COX2 inhibitory activity and weak mu agonist activity was produced. Moreover, Investigation of the bioactivities of the synthesized ligands including 3-17 in terms of their ligand receptor interactions were probed using NMR conformational analysis along with docking analysis to the respective homology modeled mu and delta opioid receptors as well as the COX2 enzyme. As a further continuation of this work, instead of peptide based mu agonist and delta agonist type pharmacophore, the highly mu selective fentanyl pharmacophore was used in combination with a pyrazole based and a pyrazolone based COX pharmacophore. Based on the SAR study and docking analysis of synthesized ligands to the homology modeled mu opioid receptor, an ideal tolerant position without significant loss of mu opioid agonist activity for fentanyl were found. The second strategy involves design and synthesis of a peptide based single molecule that has a mu agonist and a delta antagonist pharmacophore in combination with a NK1 antagonist pharmacophore. A novel molecule (4-2) containing delta antagonist activity, weak mu agonist activity and NK1 antagonist activity was identified. Its homology modeled mu opioid receptor bound conformation was compared with that of reference ligands. Docking analysis of modified 4-2 to the homology modeled mu opioid receptor revealed that it can be further modified to obtain better mu agonist activity. 4-2 showed antinociception for 45 min period of time after injection in tail flick assay. In addition to studies that were directed to avoid tolerance development due to opioid administration, peptide based potential analgesics such as biphalin was modified by introducing more peptidomimetic character in order to enhance its blood brain barrier permeability and proteolytic stability. The novel molecule (6-7) was produced in this study and its antinociception lasted for 30 min period of time after injection in the tail flick assay.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeElectronic Dissertationen_US
dc.subjectCOX 2 inhibitorsen_US
dc.subjectmutifunctional moleculesen_US
dc.subjectNMR conformational analysisen_US
dc.subjectopioid induced toleranceen_US
dc.subjectOpioids side effectsen_US
dc.subjectSubstance P antagonisten_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineChemistryen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorHruby, Victor J.en_US
dc.contributor.chairHruby, Victor J.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberGlass, Richarden_US
dc.contributor.committeememberMash, Eugeneen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberMcEvoy, Meganen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberVanderah, Todden_US
dc.identifier.proquest11279en_US
dc.identifier.oclc752261121en_US
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