IMPACT OF LEADERSHIP AND TEAM MEMBERS' INDIVIDUALISM-COLLECTIVISM ON TEAM PROCESSES AND OUTCOMES: A LEADER-MEMBER EXCHANGE PERSPECTIVE

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/193701
Title:
IMPACT OF LEADERSHIP AND TEAM MEMBERS' INDIVIDUALISM-COLLECTIVISM ON TEAM PROCESSES AND OUTCOMES: A LEADER-MEMBER EXCHANGE PERSPECTIVE
Author:
Ko, Jaewon
Issue Date:
2005
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
The present study attempts to extend leader-member exchange theory to the team-level by including team social cohesion and two team-level exchange relationship constructs (i.e., team-level leader-member exchange [LMX] and team-member exchange [TMX]) simultaneously, and by examining antecedents and outcomes associated with these variables. The research model includes transformational leadership and team-members' individualism-collectivism as antecedents of the team relational environment and both team performance and team viability as effectiveness measures. Survey data were collected for a field sample of 89 Airborne Special Operations (ASO) teams in the Korean Army. Each team's effectiveness was rated by three different sources: team members (N=823, 7~11 people per team; M=9.4), regional unit (RU) peers (31~42 peers for each team; M=37.2), and RU commanders (N=17). The hypothesized model and several alternative models were tested three times, using team effectiveness measures from each of the three sources in a separate model. Overall, results from path analyses conducted using EQS were consistent with the hypotheses. Specifically, both team-level LMX and TMX were positively affected by transformational leadership and team members' collectivism. TMX showed a stronger positive association with team social cohesion than did team-level LMX. Team performance was positively affected by TMX, team social cohesion, and transformational leadership in the model that employed team members' ratings as team effectiveness measures. However, when the ratings from RU peers were used as team outcome measures, the path from team social cohesion to team performance remained significant, but the other two paths became non-significant. None of the three variables significantly predicted team performance as rated by RU commanders. When viewed in terms of team viability, team social cohesion showed a significant association with team viability across all three models. Although TMX predicted team viability when team members' ratings were used in the model, it did not predict team viability when the ratings were from either RU peers or RU commanders. Finally, transformational leadership showed a significant positive and negative relationship with the number of collectivists and individualists within a team, respectively, across all three models. The limitations of the present study and recommendations for future research are presented.
Type:
text; Electronic Dissertation
Keywords:
leader-member exchange; team-member exchange; transformational leadership; social cohesion; individualism-collectivism; team effectiveness
Degree Name:
PhD
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Management; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Cropanzano, Russell
Committee Chair:
Cropanzano, Russell

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoENen_US
dc.titleIMPACT OF LEADERSHIP AND TEAM MEMBERS' INDIVIDUALISM-COLLECTIVISM ON TEAM PROCESSES AND OUTCOMES: A LEADER-MEMBER EXCHANGE PERSPECTIVEen_US
dc.creatorKo, Jaewonen_US
dc.contributor.authorKo, Jaewonen_US
dc.date.issued2005en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractThe present study attempts to extend leader-member exchange theory to the team-level by including team social cohesion and two team-level exchange relationship constructs (i.e., team-level leader-member exchange [LMX] and team-member exchange [TMX]) simultaneously, and by examining antecedents and outcomes associated with these variables. The research model includes transformational leadership and team-members' individualism-collectivism as antecedents of the team relational environment and both team performance and team viability as effectiveness measures. Survey data were collected for a field sample of 89 Airborne Special Operations (ASO) teams in the Korean Army. Each team's effectiveness was rated by three different sources: team members (N=823, 7~11 people per team; M=9.4), regional unit (RU) peers (31~42 peers for each team; M=37.2), and RU commanders (N=17). The hypothesized model and several alternative models were tested three times, using team effectiveness measures from each of the three sources in a separate model. Overall, results from path analyses conducted using EQS were consistent with the hypotheses. Specifically, both team-level LMX and TMX were positively affected by transformational leadership and team members' collectivism. TMX showed a stronger positive association with team social cohesion than did team-level LMX. Team performance was positively affected by TMX, team social cohesion, and transformational leadership in the model that employed team members' ratings as team effectiveness measures. However, when the ratings from RU peers were used as team outcome measures, the path from team social cohesion to team performance remained significant, but the other two paths became non-significant. None of the three variables significantly predicted team performance as rated by RU commanders. When viewed in terms of team viability, team social cohesion showed a significant association with team viability across all three models. Although TMX predicted team viability when team members' ratings were used in the model, it did not predict team viability when the ratings were from either RU peers or RU commanders. Finally, transformational leadership showed a significant positive and negative relationship with the number of collectivists and individualists within a team, respectively, across all three models. The limitations of the present study and recommendations for future research are presented.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeElectronic Dissertationen_US
dc.subjectleader-member exchangeen_US
dc.subjectteam-member exchangeen_US
dc.subjecttransformational leadershipen_US
dc.subjectsocial cohesionen_US
dc.subjectindividualism-collectivismen_US
dc.subjectteam effectivenessen_US
thesis.degree.namePhDen_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineManagementen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorCropanzano, Russellen_US
dc.contributor.chairCropanzano, Russellen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberGoldman, Barryen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberSlaughter, Jerel E.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberEllis, Aleksanderen_US
dc.identifier.proquest1244en_US
dc.identifier.oclc137354583en_US
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