Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/193661
Title:
Next Generation Computer Controlled Optical Surfacing
Author:
Kim, Dae Wook
Issue Date:
2009
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
Precision optics can be accurately fabricated by computer controlled optical surfacing (CCOS) that uses well characterized polishing tools driven by numerically controlled machines. The CCOS process is optimized to vary the dwell time of the tool on the workpiece according to the desired removal and the calibrated tool influence function (TIF), which is the shape of the wear function by the tool. This study investigates four major topics to improve current CCOS processes, and provides new solutions and approaches for the next generation CCOS processes.The first topic is to develop a tool for highly aspheric optics fabrication. Both the TIF stability and surface finish rely on the tool maintaining intimate contact with the workpiece. Rigid tools smooth the surface, but do not maintain intimate contacts for aspheric surfaces. Flexible tools conform to the surface, but lack smoothing. A rigid conformal (RC) lap using a visco-elastic non-Newtonian medium was developed. It conforms to the aspheric shape, yet maintains stability to provide natural smoothing.The second topic is a smoothing model for the RC lap. The smoothing naturally removes mid-to-high frequency errors while a large tool runs over the workpiece to remove low frequency errors efficiently. The CCOS process convergence rate can be significantly improved by predicting the smoothing effects. A parametric smoothing model was introduced and verified.The third topic is establishing a TIF model to represent measured TIFs. While the linear Preston's model works for most cases, non-linear removal behavior as the tool overhangs the workpiece edge introduces a difficulty in modeling. A parametric model for the edge TIFs was introduced and demonstrated. Various TIFs based on the model are provided as a library.The last topic is an enhanced process optimization technique. A non-sequential optimization technique using multiple TIFs was developed. Operating a CCOS with a small and well characterized TIF achieves excellent performance, but takes a long time. Sequential polishing runs using large and small tools can reduce this polishing time. The non-sequential approach performs multiple dwell time optimizations for the entire CCOS runs simultaneously. The actual runs will be sequential, but the optimization is comprehensive.
Type:
text; Electronic Dissertation
Keywords:
Computer Controlled Optical Surfacing; Edge removal; Optics Fabrication; Polishing; Rigid Conformal Lap; Smoothing
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Optical Sciences; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Committee Chair:
Burge, James H.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoENen_US
dc.titleNext Generation Computer Controlled Optical Surfacingen_US
dc.creatorKim, Dae Wooken_US
dc.contributor.authorKim, Dae Wooken_US
dc.date.issued2009en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractPrecision optics can be accurately fabricated by computer controlled optical surfacing (CCOS) that uses well characterized polishing tools driven by numerically controlled machines. The CCOS process is optimized to vary the dwell time of the tool on the workpiece according to the desired removal and the calibrated tool influence function (TIF), which is the shape of the wear function by the tool. This study investigates four major topics to improve current CCOS processes, and provides new solutions and approaches for the next generation CCOS processes.The first topic is to develop a tool for highly aspheric optics fabrication. Both the TIF stability and surface finish rely on the tool maintaining intimate contact with the workpiece. Rigid tools smooth the surface, but do not maintain intimate contacts for aspheric surfaces. Flexible tools conform to the surface, but lack smoothing. A rigid conformal (RC) lap using a visco-elastic non-Newtonian medium was developed. It conforms to the aspheric shape, yet maintains stability to provide natural smoothing.The second topic is a smoothing model for the RC lap. The smoothing naturally removes mid-to-high frequency errors while a large tool runs over the workpiece to remove low frequency errors efficiently. The CCOS process convergence rate can be significantly improved by predicting the smoothing effects. A parametric smoothing model was introduced and verified.The third topic is establishing a TIF model to represent measured TIFs. While the linear Preston's model works for most cases, non-linear removal behavior as the tool overhangs the workpiece edge introduces a difficulty in modeling. A parametric model for the edge TIFs was introduced and demonstrated. Various TIFs based on the model are provided as a library.The last topic is an enhanced process optimization technique. A non-sequential optimization technique using multiple TIFs was developed. Operating a CCOS with a small and well characterized TIF achieves excellent performance, but takes a long time. Sequential polishing runs using large and small tools can reduce this polishing time. The non-sequential approach performs multiple dwell time optimizations for the entire CCOS runs simultaneously. The actual runs will be sequential, but the optimization is comprehensive.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeElectronic Dissertationen_US
dc.subjectComputer Controlled Optical Surfacingen_US
dc.subjectEdge removalen_US
dc.subjectOptics Fabricationen_US
dc.subjectPolishingen_US
dc.subjectRigid Conformal Lapen_US
dc.subjectSmoothingen_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineOptical Sciencesen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.chairBurge, James H.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberParks, Roberten_US
dc.contributor.committeememberMartin, Huberten_US
dc.contributor.committeememberSasian, Joseen_US
dc.identifier.proquest10760en_US
dc.identifier.oclc659753597en_US
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