Synthesis, Assembly and Colloidal Polymerization of Polymer-Coated Ferromagnetic Cobalt Nanoparticles

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/193639
Title:
Synthesis, Assembly and Colloidal Polymerization of Polymer-Coated Ferromagnetic Cobalt Nanoparticles
Author:
Keng, Pei Yuin
Issue Date:
2010
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
This dissertation describes a novel methodology to prepare, functionalize, and assemble polymer-coated ferromagnetic cobalt nanoparticles (PS-CoNPs) and cobalt oxide nanowires. This research demonstrated the ability to use dipolar nanoparticles as `colloidal monomers' to form electroactive 1-D mesostructures via self- and field-induced assembly. The central focus of this dissertation is in developing a novel methodology termed as `Colloidal Polymerization', in the synthesis of well-defined cobalt oxide nanowires as nanostructured electrode materials for potential applications in energy storage and conversion.Ferromagnetic nanoparticles are versatile building blocks due to their inherent spin dipole, which drive 1-D self-assembly of colloids. However, the preparation and utilization of ferromagnetic nanoparticles have not been extensively examined due to the synthetic challenges in preparing well-defined materials that can be easily handled. This dissertation has overcome these challenges through the hybridization of polymeric surfactants with an inorganic colloid to impart functionality, colloidal stability and improved processing characteristics. This modular synthetic approach was further simplified to prepare ferromagnetic nanoparticles in gram scale, which enabled further investigations to develop new chemistry and materials science with these materials. These polymer-coated magnetic nanoparticles self-assembled into extended linear chains due to strong dipolar attractions between colloids. Additionally, novel dipolar assemblies, such as, flux-closure nanorings and lamellae type mesostructures were demonstrated by controlling the interparticle of attractive forces (dipolar versus van der Waals).The research presented herein focused on utilizing polymer-coated ferromagnetic cobalt nanoparticles as `colloidal molecules' to form interconnected 1-D mesostructures via `Colloidal Polymerization'. This process exploited the magnetic organization of dipolar colloids into 1-D mesostructures followed by a facile oxidation reaction to form interconnected electroactive cobalt oxide nanowires. This facile and template free approach enabled the large scale synthesis of semiconductor cobalt oxide nanowires, in which the electronic and electrochemical properties were confirmed for potential applications for energy storage and conversion. This work served as a platform in fabricating a wide range of semiconductor heterostructures, which allowed for structure-property investigation of new nanostructured electrodes.
Type:
text; Electronic Dissertation
Keywords:
cobalt oxide nanowires; colloidal polymerization; dipolar assembly; ferromagnetic nanoparticles; magnetic assembly; magnetic nanoparticles
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Chemistry; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Pyun, Jeffrey
Committee Chair:
Pyun, Jeffrey

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleSynthesis, Assembly and Colloidal Polymerization of Polymer-Coated Ferromagnetic Cobalt Nanoparticlesen_US
dc.creatorKeng, Pei Yuinen_US
dc.contributor.authorKeng, Pei Yuinen_US
dc.date.issued2010en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractThis dissertation describes a novel methodology to prepare, functionalize, and assemble polymer-coated ferromagnetic cobalt nanoparticles (PS-CoNPs) and cobalt oxide nanowires. This research demonstrated the ability to use dipolar nanoparticles as `colloidal monomers' to form electroactive 1-D mesostructures via self- and field-induced assembly. The central focus of this dissertation is in developing a novel methodology termed as `Colloidal Polymerization', in the synthesis of well-defined cobalt oxide nanowires as nanostructured electrode materials for potential applications in energy storage and conversion.Ferromagnetic nanoparticles are versatile building blocks due to their inherent spin dipole, which drive 1-D self-assembly of colloids. However, the preparation and utilization of ferromagnetic nanoparticles have not been extensively examined due to the synthetic challenges in preparing well-defined materials that can be easily handled. This dissertation has overcome these challenges through the hybridization of polymeric surfactants with an inorganic colloid to impart functionality, colloidal stability and improved processing characteristics. This modular synthetic approach was further simplified to prepare ferromagnetic nanoparticles in gram scale, which enabled further investigations to develop new chemistry and materials science with these materials. These polymer-coated magnetic nanoparticles self-assembled into extended linear chains due to strong dipolar attractions between colloids. Additionally, novel dipolar assemblies, such as, flux-closure nanorings and lamellae type mesostructures were demonstrated by controlling the interparticle of attractive forces (dipolar versus van der Waals).The research presented herein focused on utilizing polymer-coated ferromagnetic cobalt nanoparticles as `colloidal molecules' to form interconnected 1-D mesostructures via `Colloidal Polymerization'. This process exploited the magnetic organization of dipolar colloids into 1-D mesostructures followed by a facile oxidation reaction to form interconnected electroactive cobalt oxide nanowires. This facile and template free approach enabled the large scale synthesis of semiconductor cobalt oxide nanowires, in which the electronic and electrochemical properties were confirmed for potential applications for energy storage and conversion. This work served as a platform in fabricating a wide range of semiconductor heterostructures, which allowed for structure-property investigation of new nanostructured electrodes.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeElectronic Dissertationen_US
dc.subjectcobalt oxide nanowiresen_US
dc.subjectcolloidal polymerizationen_US
dc.subjectdipolar assemblyen_US
dc.subjectferromagnetic nanoparticlesen_US
dc.subjectmagnetic assemblyen_US
dc.subjectmagnetic nanoparticlesen_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineChemistryen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorPyun, Jeffreyen_US
dc.contributor.chairPyun, Jeffreyen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberMcGrath, Dominic V.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberMash, Eugene E.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberArmstrong, Neal R.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberZheng, Zhipingen_US
dc.identifier.proquest10990en_US
dc.identifier.oclc659754919en_US
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