Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/193604
Title:
Determining Biological Effectors of alpha6 Integrin Cleavage
Author:
Kacsinta, Apollo Daniel
Issue Date:
2010
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
Cancer metastasis is a multi–step process that initiates with a tumor cell obtaining the ability to migrate. A multitude of changes occur in such a cell including changes to cell adhesion molecules such as integrins. In cancer cells, integrins are known to be involved in migration, invasion and metastasis. Investigation by our group of the α6 integrin led to the discovery of a cleaved form of the integrin lacking the ligand binding domain, called α6p. While it is known that the integrin is cleaved by urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA) little is known about how this process is regulated. There is a need to better understand the players involved in regulation of α6 cleavage as inhibiting this event from occurring may contribute to prolonged or increased patient survival or ultimately a cure.The existence of the integrin–actin complex has been known for many years. In this study actin was identified as a potential regulator of α6 cleavage. Using a diverse set of tumor cell lines (DU145, PC3 and MDA–MB–231) and a number of actin modifing compounds (latrunculin A, jasplakinolide and siRNA) it is reported here that disassembling actin filaments leads to an increase in α6p production. Although the increase in cleavage product did not always correlate with an increase in uPA receptor, an increase in uPAR was observed when actin was complexed by small molecule inhibitors. Taken together the results demonstrate a potential role for actin filaments to protect α6 integrin from uPA–uPAR induced cleavage via a multi–protein complex.
Type:
text; Electronic Dissertation
Keywords:
Actin; Integrin; Prostate Cancer; uPAR
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Cancer Biology; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Committee Chair:
Cress, Anne E.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleDetermining Biological Effectors of alpha6 Integrin Cleavageen_US
dc.creatorKacsinta, Apollo Danielen_US
dc.contributor.authorKacsinta, Apollo Danielen_US
dc.date.issued2010en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractCancer metastasis is a multi–step process that initiates with a tumor cell obtaining the ability to migrate. A multitude of changes occur in such a cell including changes to cell adhesion molecules such as integrins. In cancer cells, integrins are known to be involved in migration, invasion and metastasis. Investigation by our group of the α6 integrin led to the discovery of a cleaved form of the integrin lacking the ligand binding domain, called α6p. While it is known that the integrin is cleaved by urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA) little is known about how this process is regulated. There is a need to better understand the players involved in regulation of α6 cleavage as inhibiting this event from occurring may contribute to prolonged or increased patient survival or ultimately a cure.The existence of the integrin–actin complex has been known for many years. In this study actin was identified as a potential regulator of α6 cleavage. Using a diverse set of tumor cell lines (DU145, PC3 and MDA–MB–231) and a number of actin modifing compounds (latrunculin A, jasplakinolide and siRNA) it is reported here that disassembling actin filaments leads to an increase in α6p production. Although the increase in cleavage product did not always correlate with an increase in uPA receptor, an increase in uPAR was observed when actin was complexed by small molecule inhibitors. Taken together the results demonstrate a potential role for actin filaments to protect α6 integrin from uPA–uPAR induced cleavage via a multi–protein complex.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeElectronic Dissertationen_US
dc.subjectActinen_US
dc.subjectIntegrinen_US
dc.subjectProstate Canceren_US
dc.subjectuPARen_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineCancer Biologyen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.chairCress, Anne E.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberBowden, G. Timen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberNagle, Raymond B.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberHeimark, Ronald L.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberFutscher, Bernarden_US
dc.identifier.proquest11325en_US
dc.identifier.oclc752261177en_US
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