Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/192009
Title:
The effective hydraulic conductivity of unsaturated layered sands
Author:
Harvey, Donald John,1951-
Issue Date:
1989
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
Accurate estimates of field-scale hydraulic conductivities of unsaturated heterogeneous soils are very difficult to obtain. In the present study, various approaches to determining effective conductivity values for heterogeneous sands are compared with laboratory measurements. The unsaturated hydraulic conductivity, K(Ψ), of two homogeneous sands and one layered sand composed of the two homogeneous sands was measured using the steady-state flux control method. A van Genuchten model and an exponential model were fitted to the data. Various means of the homogeneous sand fitted K(Ψ) curves were compared with the layered sand K(Ψ) data using a direct averaging approach. The observed suction head variance, effective hydraulic conductivity, and the anisotropy were compared with expressions developed from stochastic theory. The results qualitatively support the stochastic approach. The outcome of the direct averaging approach was inconclusive however. Additional laboratory and field experimentation is needed.
Type:
Thesis-Reproduction (electronic); text
LCSH Subjects:
Hydrology.; Groundwater flow.; Sandy soils.; Soil capillarity.
Degree Name:
M.S.
Degree Level:
masters
Degree Program:
Hydrology and Water Resources; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Committee Chair:
Yeh, T.C. Jim

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleThe effective hydraulic conductivity of unsaturated layered sandsen_US
dc.creatorHarvey, Donald John,1951-en_US
dc.contributor.authorHarvey, Donald John,1951-en_US
dc.date.issued1989en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractAccurate estimates of field-scale hydraulic conductivities of unsaturated heterogeneous soils are very difficult to obtain. In the present study, various approaches to determining effective conductivity values for heterogeneous sands are compared with laboratory measurements. The unsaturated hydraulic conductivity, K(Ψ), of two homogeneous sands and one layered sand composed of the two homogeneous sands was measured using the steady-state flux control method. A van Genuchten model and an exponential model were fitted to the data. Various means of the homogeneous sand fitted K(Ψ) curves were compared with the layered sand K(Ψ) data using a direct averaging approach. The observed suction head variance, effective hydraulic conductivity, and the anisotropy were compared with expressions developed from stochastic theory. The results qualitatively support the stochastic approach. The outcome of the direct averaging approach was inconclusive however. Additional laboratory and field experimentation is needed.en_US
dc.description.notehydrology collectionen_US
dc.typeThesis-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.subject.lcshHydrology.en_US
dc.subject.lcshGroundwater flow.en_US
dc.subject.lcshSandy soils.en_US
dc.subject.lcshSoil capillarity.en_US
thesis.degree.nameM.S.en_US
thesis.degree.levelmastersen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineHydrology and Water Resourcesen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.chairYeh, T.C. Jimen_US
dc.identifier.oclc213340554en_US
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