Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/191922
Title:
Dissolved oxygen systematics in the Tucson Basin Aquifer, Arizona
Author:
Rose, Seth Edward,1951-
Issue Date:
1987
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
Dissolved oxygen concentrations in ground water were measured at 46 locations within the Tucson basin using the "modified Winkler" titration method. Ground water sampled was predominantly representative of the upper 150 meters of unconfined Pleistocene siliclastic alluvium (the Fort Lowell Formation). Oxygen concentrations ranged between 1.3 and 7.9 (+/-0.5) mg/1 and did not vary significantly with respect to when the well was sampled. These findings along with previous work suggest that valley-fill aquifers within the Basin and Range are, as a rule, "oxic" geochemical environments. Dissolved oxygen concentrations vary systematically with respect to residence time and distance from the recharge area. The lowest oxygen concentrations (1.3-4.5 mg/1) were associated with "prototype" recharge (very young, cool, dilute, and high pCO₂) indicating that oxygen loss occurs during, and is virtually limited to, an early stage of chemical evolution. Oxygen removal is probably facilitated by the elevated water table below the influent Tanque Verde Creek which supports a relatively dense strand of phreatophytes - a potential source of organic detritus. Mass balance calculations suggest that oxidation of biotite within Recent stream gravel can also result in oxygen removal. The negative oxygen flux associated with recharge is not sustained; thus Tucson basin ground water remains aerobic. Transverse dispersive influx from the vadose atmosphere represents the inferred mechanism of oxygen-transport. This is facilitated by relatively high ground-water velocity immediately downgradient from the recharge area. Transverse dispersion rapidly oxygenates slightly older ground water and as a result, oxygen-saturated conditions are prevalent throughout much of the interior basin. Lower oxygen concentrations (approximately 3.5 mg/1) are associated with an older, warmer (presumably deeper), sodium-bicarbonatesulfate facies. Oxygen removal here is assumed to result from the oxidation of residual organic matter and reduced transversé dispersive influx. Measured electrode potentials were all positive but did not vary systematically with respect to ground-water flow nor were they thermodynamically related to (0₂)/(H₂0) Nernst potentials.
Type:
Thesis-Reproduction (electronic); text
LCSH Subjects:
Hydrology.; Groundwater -- Oxygen content -- Arizona -- Tucson Region.; Groundwater -- Arizona -- Tucson Region -- Composition.
Degree Name:
M.S.
Degree Level:
masters
Degree Program:
Hydrology and Water Resources; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Committee Chair:
Evans, D. D.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleDissolved oxygen systematics in the Tucson Basin Aquifer, Arizonaen_US
dc.creatorRose, Seth Edward,1951-en_US
dc.contributor.authorRose, Seth Edward,1951-en_US
dc.date.issued1987en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractDissolved oxygen concentrations in ground water were measured at 46 locations within the Tucson basin using the "modified Winkler" titration method. Ground water sampled was predominantly representative of the upper 150 meters of unconfined Pleistocene siliclastic alluvium (the Fort Lowell Formation). Oxygen concentrations ranged between 1.3 and 7.9 (+/-0.5) mg/1 and did not vary significantly with respect to when the well was sampled. These findings along with previous work suggest that valley-fill aquifers within the Basin and Range are, as a rule, "oxic" geochemical environments. Dissolved oxygen concentrations vary systematically with respect to residence time and distance from the recharge area. The lowest oxygen concentrations (1.3-4.5 mg/1) were associated with "prototype" recharge (very young, cool, dilute, and high pCO₂) indicating that oxygen loss occurs during, and is virtually limited to, an early stage of chemical evolution. Oxygen removal is probably facilitated by the elevated water table below the influent Tanque Verde Creek which supports a relatively dense strand of phreatophytes - a potential source of organic detritus. Mass balance calculations suggest that oxidation of biotite within Recent stream gravel can also result in oxygen removal. The negative oxygen flux associated with recharge is not sustained; thus Tucson basin ground water remains aerobic. Transverse dispersive influx from the vadose atmosphere represents the inferred mechanism of oxygen-transport. This is facilitated by relatively high ground-water velocity immediately downgradient from the recharge area. Transverse dispersion rapidly oxygenates slightly older ground water and as a result, oxygen-saturated conditions are prevalent throughout much of the interior basin. Lower oxygen concentrations (approximately 3.5 mg/1) are associated with an older, warmer (presumably deeper), sodium-bicarbonatesulfate facies. Oxygen removal here is assumed to result from the oxidation of residual organic matter and reduced transversé dispersive influx. Measured electrode potentials were all positive but did not vary systematically with respect to ground-water flow nor were they thermodynamically related to (0₂)/(H₂0) Nernst potentials.en_US
dc.description.notehydrology collectionen_US
dc.typeThesis-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.subject.lcshHydrology.en_US
dc.subject.lcshGroundwater -- Oxygen content -- Arizona -- Tucson Region.en_US
dc.subject.lcshGroundwater -- Arizona -- Tucson Region -- Composition.en_US
thesis.degree.nameM.S.en_US
thesis.degree.levelmastersen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineHydrology and Water Resourcesen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.chairEvans, D. D.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberYeh, Jimen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberWarrick, Arthuren_US
dc.identifier.oclc213416864en_US
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