An appraisal of ground water resources of Zalengei area, Darfur Province, Sudan

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/191477
Title:
An appraisal of ground water resources of Zalengei area, Darfur Province, Sudan
Author:
Iskander, Wilson,1930-
Issue Date:
1967
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
Zalengei area, Darfur Province, Sudan, a semi-arid area, appears favorable in many respects for future agricultural development. The cultivation of new cash crops depends on the availability of adequate supplies of ground water of satisfactory quality to irrigate these crops. The principal aquifer in the area is unconfined in the valley fill sediments which form the Lower Terrace and the Flood Plain formations. The average thickness of the aquifer is some 90 feet, and its average transmissivity and storage coefficient are 100,000 gallons/day/foot, and 0.2 respectively. The storage capacity of the ground water reservoir is some 140,000 acre feet. Ground water is discharged from the basin by evapotranspiration, effluent seepage, and underflow out of the basin. Recharge to the ground water is from direct precipitation over the basin area, by influent seepage, and by underflow into the basin. The ground water supplies of the area have small amounts of dissolved solids, mostly bicarbonates and, carbonates. The waters that underlie Wadi Aribo are generally rich in calcium and magnesium bicarbonates, whereas those underlying Wadi Azum are rich in sodium carbonates and bicarbonates. The ground water underlying Wadi Azum is an approximate blend of the waters supplied by its tributaries and the water of the Large Dariba Lake. This lake has the highest content of fluoride yet known in natural waters. The arable land in the area is 7200 acres. The amount of ground water needed to irrigate these lands is about 21,600 acre-feet per year. About 20 per cent of this amount can be recharged to the ground water body from the annual precipitation over the basin area; the rest can be recharged by influent seepage from the wadis during flood time. Most of the water supplies are of excellent to good quality for irrigation and domestic uses.
Type:
Thesis-Reproduction (electronic); text; maps
Keywords:
maps
LCSH Subjects:
Hydrology.; Groundwater -- Sudan -- Darfur.; Water-supply -- Sudan -- Darfur.
Degree Name:
M.S.
Degree Level:
masters
Degree Program:
Geology; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Committee Chair:
Simpson, Eugene S.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleAn appraisal of ground water resources of Zalengei area, Darfur Province, Sudanen_US
dc.creatorIskander, Wilson,1930-en_US
dc.contributor.authorIskander, Wilson,1930-en_US
dc.date.issued1967en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractZalengei area, Darfur Province, Sudan, a semi-arid area, appears favorable in many respects for future agricultural development. The cultivation of new cash crops depends on the availability of adequate supplies of ground water of satisfactory quality to irrigate these crops. The principal aquifer in the area is unconfined in the valley fill sediments which form the Lower Terrace and the Flood Plain formations. The average thickness of the aquifer is some 90 feet, and its average transmissivity and storage coefficient are 100,000 gallons/day/foot, and 0.2 respectively. The storage capacity of the ground water reservoir is some 140,000 acre feet. Ground water is discharged from the basin by evapotranspiration, effluent seepage, and underflow out of the basin. Recharge to the ground water is from direct precipitation over the basin area, by influent seepage, and by underflow into the basin. The ground water supplies of the area have small amounts of dissolved solids, mostly bicarbonates and, carbonates. The waters that underlie Wadi Aribo are generally rich in calcium and magnesium bicarbonates, whereas those underlying Wadi Azum are rich in sodium carbonates and bicarbonates. The ground water underlying Wadi Azum is an approximate blend of the waters supplied by its tributaries and the water of the Large Dariba Lake. This lake has the highest content of fluoride yet known in natural waters. The arable land in the area is 7200 acres. The amount of ground water needed to irrigate these lands is about 21,600 acre-feet per year. About 20 per cent of this amount can be recharged to the ground water body from the annual precipitation over the basin area; the rest can be recharged by influent seepage from the wadis during flood time. Most of the water supplies are of excellent to good quality for irrigation and domestic uses.en_US
dc.description.notehydrology collectionen_US
dc.typeThesis-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typemaps-
dc.subjectmaps-
dc.subject.lcshHydrology.en_US
dc.subject.lcshGroundwater -- Sudan -- Darfur.en_US
dc.subject.lcshWater-supply -- Sudan -- Darfur.en_US
thesis.degree.nameM.S.en_US
thesis.degree.levelmastersen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGeologyen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.chairSimpson, Eugene S.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberFerris, J. G.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberPye, W. D.en_US
dc.identifier.oclc214142835en_US
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