Western water law and the stream-aquifer system and how models are used to determine permitting and compliance of rules governing ground and surface water interaction

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/191377
Title:
Western water law and the stream-aquifer system and how models are used to determine permitting and compliance of rules governing ground and surface water interaction
Author:
McHugh, Kathleen M.
Issue Date:
2003
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
As the arid western half of the United States faces increasing population, its problems with water shortages are becoming headline news across the nation. Issues ranging from farmers in Klamath basin fighting for their water rights, rafters and kayakers fighting to raft down rivers enclosed by private properties, endangered species residing in the flowing waters, interstate river treaties, and massive drought conditions across the west have all left the western states asking: "Is there enough water to go around?" Increases in population, protection of endangered species, recognition of federal and tribal water rights, and aesthetic preferences all put pressure on the water system practiced in the West. All western states deal with the entire water system in various ways. Scientific reality shows that the stream-aquifer system is not two separate entities, but is one. As decision makers face this hydrologic reality, they realize that the current policy and political boundaries are not well suited to the intricacies of nature. Many of the western states currently apply two separate doctrines to surface water and groundwater, providing very little protection, if any, for senior surface water users from junior groundwater users. This thesis' purpose is threefold: (1) To provide and explain the basic hydrological principles that all decision makers should be aware of and understand; (2) to present a current summary of both surface water law and groundwater law in several western states, and, specifically, the laws pertaining to groundwater/surface water interaction; and (3) to present a discussion of a few models being used in assessing how section 2's laws are affecting the system as a whole. Section One will discuss basic aquifer properties, groundwater flow, pumping effects on an aquifer, and the concept of capture. The goal of this section will be to illustrate the system as a whole and how pumping always has an effect on a stream system that is hydraulically connected to an aquifer. Section Two presents the pertinent groundwater and surface water laws for Arizona, Colorado, Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oregon, Texas, and Washington. This area highlights the laws that pertain to the interaction between surface water and groundwater. In many of these states the evolution of these laws is also provided through legislative bills, acts, and court cases. Finally, Section Three discusses several models or techniques being used to assess the effects these laws have on the groundwater/surface water system.
Type:
Thesis-Reproduction (electronic); text
LCSH Subjects:
Hydrology.; Water -- Law and legislation -- West (U.S.); Aquifers -- West (U.S.)
Degree Name:
M.S.
Degree Level:
masters
Degree Program:
Hydrology and Water Resources; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Committee Chair:
Maddock, Thomas

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleWestern water law and the stream-aquifer system and how models are used to determine permitting and compliance of rules governing ground and surface water interactionen_US
dc.creatorMcHugh, Kathleen M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorMcHugh, Kathleen M.en_US
dc.date.issued2003en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractAs the arid western half of the United States faces increasing population, its problems with water shortages are becoming headline news across the nation. Issues ranging from farmers in Klamath basin fighting for their water rights, rafters and kayakers fighting to raft down rivers enclosed by private properties, endangered species residing in the flowing waters, interstate river treaties, and massive drought conditions across the west have all left the western states asking: "Is there enough water to go around?" Increases in population, protection of endangered species, recognition of federal and tribal water rights, and aesthetic preferences all put pressure on the water system practiced in the West. All western states deal with the entire water system in various ways. Scientific reality shows that the stream-aquifer system is not two separate entities, but is one. As decision makers face this hydrologic reality, they realize that the current policy and political boundaries are not well suited to the intricacies of nature. Many of the western states currently apply two separate doctrines to surface water and groundwater, providing very little protection, if any, for senior surface water users from junior groundwater users. This thesis' purpose is threefold: (1) To provide and explain the basic hydrological principles that all decision makers should be aware of and understand; (2) to present a current summary of both surface water law and groundwater law in several western states, and, specifically, the laws pertaining to groundwater/surface water interaction; and (3) to present a discussion of a few models being used in assessing how section 2's laws are affecting the system as a whole. Section One will discuss basic aquifer properties, groundwater flow, pumping effects on an aquifer, and the concept of capture. The goal of this section will be to illustrate the system as a whole and how pumping always has an effect on a stream system that is hydraulically connected to an aquifer. Section Two presents the pertinent groundwater and surface water laws for Arizona, Colorado, Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oregon, Texas, and Washington. This area highlights the laws that pertain to the interaction between surface water and groundwater. In many of these states the evolution of these laws is also provided through legislative bills, acts, and court cases. Finally, Section Three discusses several models or techniques being used to assess the effects these laws have on the groundwater/surface water system.en_US
dc.description.notehydrology collectionen_US
dc.typeThesis-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.subject.lcshHydrology.en_US
dc.subject.lcshWater -- Law and legislation -- West (U.S.)en_US
dc.subject.lcshAquifers -- West (U.S.)en_US
thesis.degree.nameM.S.en_US
thesis.degree.levelmastersen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineHydrology and Water Resourcesen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.chairMaddock, Thomasen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberBradley, Michaelen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberGlennon, Roberten_US
dc.identifier.oclc219756064en_US
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