Estimating bank storage and evapotranspiration using soil physical and hydrological techniques in a gaining reach of the San Pedro River, Arizona

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/191249
Title:
Estimating bank storage and evapotranspiration using soil physical and hydrological techniques in a gaining reach of the San Pedro River, Arizona
Author:
Whitaker, Martha Patricia Lee.
Issue Date:
2000
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
Bank storage is defined as a volume of water that periodically infiltrates a river's banks during increases in stream stage. It is a potentially critical variable for accurately modeling the water budget in semi-arid riparian systems, but is particularly difficult to assess and quantify. It is especially essential for understanding ground-water/surface-water interactions. In collaboration with other projects, a field-scale vadose monitoring effort took place in the San Pedro Riparian National Conservation Area (SPRNCA), Arizona. The San Pedro River flows north from Mexico into the United States, and SPRNCA is a 60 km stretch of U.S.-protected ecosystem north of the border. In addition to a progressive climate of ecological conservation, hydrological research that leads to an improved understanding of the water budget will ultimately improve the prospects for improved water policy decisions. Soil moisture, stream stage, and soil tension data were collected for over 8 consecutive months in both 1997 and 1998, and the data were used as input into a software program called HYDRUS-2D (§imiinek et al. 1996), which models two-dimensional, variably saturated flow. Field-collected data and subsequent modeling efforts suggest that the effects of bank storage were estimated to contribute approximately 8.5% of the river's total flow for 147 days in 1997. Accordingly, bank storage and its effects should be considered in future water-balance simulations of stream-aquifer interaction, and of the San Pedro River in particular. In addition, model estimates of root water uptake match favorably with other estimates of evapotranspiration in the cottonwood-willow forest gallery of the SPRNCA.
Type:
Dissertation-Reproduction (electronic); text
Keywords:
Hydrology.; Water balance (Hydrology); Evapotranspiration -- Measurement.
Degree Name:
Ph. D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Hydrology and Water Resources; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Committee Chair:
Maddock, Thomas

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleEstimating bank storage and evapotranspiration using soil physical and hydrological techniques in a gaining reach of the San Pedro River, Arizonaen_US
dc.creatorWhitaker, Martha Patricia Lee.en_US
dc.contributor.authorWhitaker, Martha Patricia Lee.en_US
dc.date.issued2000en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractBank storage is defined as a volume of water that periodically infiltrates a river's banks during increases in stream stage. It is a potentially critical variable for accurately modeling the water budget in semi-arid riparian systems, but is particularly difficult to assess and quantify. It is especially essential for understanding ground-water/surface-water interactions. In collaboration with other projects, a field-scale vadose monitoring effort took place in the San Pedro Riparian National Conservation Area (SPRNCA), Arizona. The San Pedro River flows north from Mexico into the United States, and SPRNCA is a 60 km stretch of U.S.-protected ecosystem north of the border. In addition to a progressive climate of ecological conservation, hydrological research that leads to an improved understanding of the water budget will ultimately improve the prospects for improved water policy decisions. Soil moisture, stream stage, and soil tension data were collected for over 8 consecutive months in both 1997 and 1998, and the data were used as input into a software program called HYDRUS-2D (§imiinek et al. 1996), which models two-dimensional, variably saturated flow. Field-collected data and subsequent modeling efforts suggest that the effects of bank storage were estimated to contribute approximately 8.5% of the river's total flow for 147 days in 1997. Accordingly, bank storage and its effects should be considered in future water-balance simulations of stream-aquifer interaction, and of the San Pedro River in particular. In addition, model estimates of root water uptake match favorably with other estimates of evapotranspiration in the cottonwood-willow forest gallery of the SPRNCA.en_US
dc.description.notehydrology collectionen_US
dc.typeDissertation-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.subjectHydrology.en_US
dc.subjectWater balance (Hydrology)en_US
dc.subjectEvapotranspiration -- Measurement.en_US
thesis.degree.namePh. D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineHydrology and Water Resourcesen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.chairMaddock, Thomasen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberShuttleworth, Jamesen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberWarrick, Arhur W.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberWierenga, Peteren_US
dc.contributor.committeememberMac Nish, Roberten_US
dc.identifier.oclc216935127en_US
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