Determination of Hydraulic Properties With Point Source Experiments

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/191195
Title:
Determination of Hydraulic Properties With Point Source Experiments
Author:
Ojeda-Bustamante, Waldo,1961-
Issue Date:
1996
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
A finite-element model was developed to simulate the water flow underneath a surface point source using the Galerkin method of weighted residuals and the mixed formulation of the Richards' equation. The saturated radius usually formed during a point source test was estimated by the numerical model. Comparisons with published experimental and analytical results indicated that the model is accurate and reliable. The numerical model aids in understanding the water regime under different point source scenarios. The finite element model was coded in C++ by using an object oriented approach. This allows flexibility for future updating. Finite and infinite elements were combined to obtain a numerical solution for unbounded 1-D flow domains. The results showed that the use of infinite elements may reduce the computational time when solving the flow equations for deep profiles. Although the transient point-source problem can be solved numerically, generalized solutions were developed and their coefficients calculated by best fitting numerical results of dimensionless saturated radius and time. The solutions allow calculation of the transient saturated radius given values of the van Genuchten hydraulic function parameter "m" and dimensionless point-source application rate. The resulting generalized solutions have the advantage of reducing large volumes of data. The estimation of soil hydraulic parameters from field data by using existing flow theory is analyzed. The results obtained from these studies verified that soil type and conditions can limit field estimation of steady state data for some soils. As a consequence, estimation of steady data is highly recommended by fitting field data to empirical equations. An empirical equation for transient saturated radius as a function of time was proposed. This equation is robust to predict steady-state saturated radius. To test the applicability of point source tests, hydraulic properties were estimated from field disc and point source tests. The parameters obtained from the disc and point-source methods matched closely. An overall methodology is also given for conducting point-source tests.
Type:
Dissertation-Reproduction (electronic); text
Keywords:
Hydrology.; Environmental sciences.; Hydrology.
Degree Name:
Ph. D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Soil, Water and Environmental Science; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Committee Chair:
Warrick, Arhur W.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleDetermination of Hydraulic Properties With Point Source Experimentsen_US
dc.creatorOjeda-Bustamante, Waldo,1961-en_US
dc.contributor.authorOjeda-Bustamante, Waldo,1961-en_US
dc.date.issued1996en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractA finite-element model was developed to simulate the water flow underneath a surface point source using the Galerkin method of weighted residuals and the mixed formulation of the Richards' equation. The saturated radius usually formed during a point source test was estimated by the numerical model. Comparisons with published experimental and analytical results indicated that the model is accurate and reliable. The numerical model aids in understanding the water regime under different point source scenarios. The finite element model was coded in C++ by using an object oriented approach. This allows flexibility for future updating. Finite and infinite elements were combined to obtain a numerical solution for unbounded 1-D flow domains. The results showed that the use of infinite elements may reduce the computational time when solving the flow equations for deep profiles. Although the transient point-source problem can be solved numerically, generalized solutions were developed and their coefficients calculated by best fitting numerical results of dimensionless saturated radius and time. The solutions allow calculation of the transient saturated radius given values of the van Genuchten hydraulic function parameter "m" and dimensionless point-source application rate. The resulting generalized solutions have the advantage of reducing large volumes of data. The estimation of soil hydraulic parameters from field data by using existing flow theory is analyzed. The results obtained from these studies verified that soil type and conditions can limit field estimation of steady state data for some soils. As a consequence, estimation of steady data is highly recommended by fitting field data to empirical equations. An empirical equation for transient saturated radius as a function of time was proposed. This equation is robust to predict steady-state saturated radius. To test the applicability of point source tests, hydraulic properties were estimated from field disc and point source tests. The parameters obtained from the disc and point-source methods matched closely. An overall methodology is also given for conducting point-source tests.en_US
dc.description.notehydrology collectionen_US
dc.typeDissertation-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.subjectHydrology.en_US
dc.subjectEnvironmental sciences.en_US
dc.subjectHydrology.en_US
thesis.degree.namePh. D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineSoil, Water and Environmental Scienceen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.chairWarrick, Arhur W.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberWierenga, Peter J.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberPost, Donald F.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberSlack, Donalden_US
dc.contributor.committeememberPimentel, Luis Rendonen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberYitayew, Mulunehen_US
dc.identifier.oclc213448963en_US
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