Irrigation methods and management effects on leaf lettuce (Lactuca sative, L.) water use and nitrogen leaching

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/191189
Title:
Irrigation methods and management effects on leaf lettuce (Lactuca sative, L.) water use and nitrogen leaching
Author:
da Silva, Elio Lemos,1955-
Issue Date:
1995
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
Comparisons between subsurface trickle-(drip) and furrow-irrigated leaf lettuce, scheduled by AZSCHED and by tensiometers were made to evaluate their effects on crop coefficient, crop water use, nitrogen uptake and nitrogen leaching. A field experiment with four treatments and five replications was conducted during the fall-winter 1994-95 growing season at The University of Arizona's Campus Agricultural Center. Results showed that there was no significant difference at 95% confidence level among treatments, with respect to crop coefficients. A Fourier series was fitted to represent the Growing Degree Days (GDD)--Crop coefficient (Kc) relationship that can be recommended for irrigation scheduling of leaf lettuce at any geographical situation and planting date. A table of Kc for "days after thinning" was derived for Tucson-AZ. Marketable yield averaged 25.0 Mg ha⁻¹ with crop water use efficiency of 9.8 Kg of marketable yield per cubic meter of water (including rainfall). The 1994-95 growing season was not typical for Tucson-AZ. There was 181 mm of rainfall compared to the long term average of 91 mm. Based on the studied condition we could also conclude that, for supplementary irrigation, that is typical of humid areas, there is no difference if one irrigate leaf lettuce by short-end-closed furrow or subsurface - trickle irrigation, scheduled either by tension of 20 kPa or AZSCHED software, concerning yield and nitrogen uptake. The risk of nitrogen leaching is higher for furrow irrigation systems than for drip.
Type:
Dissertation-Reproduction (electronic); text
Keywords:
Hydrology.; Lettuce -- Irrigation.; Soils -- Nitrogen leaching.
Degree Name:
Ph. D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Committee Chair:
Yitayew, Muluneh

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleIrrigation methods and management effects on leaf lettuce (Lactuca sative, L.) water use and nitrogen leachingen_US
dc.creatorda Silva, Elio Lemos,1955-en_US
dc.contributor.authorda Silva, Elio Lemos,1955-en_US
dc.date.issued1995en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractComparisons between subsurface trickle-(drip) and furrow-irrigated leaf lettuce, scheduled by AZSCHED and by tensiometers were made to evaluate their effects on crop coefficient, crop water use, nitrogen uptake and nitrogen leaching. A field experiment with four treatments and five replications was conducted during the fall-winter 1994-95 growing season at The University of Arizona's Campus Agricultural Center. Results showed that there was no significant difference at 95% confidence level among treatments, with respect to crop coefficients. A Fourier series was fitted to represent the Growing Degree Days (GDD)--Crop coefficient (Kc) relationship that can be recommended for irrigation scheduling of leaf lettuce at any geographical situation and planting date. A table of Kc for "days after thinning" was derived for Tucson-AZ. Marketable yield averaged 25.0 Mg ha⁻¹ with crop water use efficiency of 9.8 Kg of marketable yield per cubic meter of water (including rainfall). The 1994-95 growing season was not typical for Tucson-AZ. There was 181 mm of rainfall compared to the long term average of 91 mm. Based on the studied condition we could also conclude that, for supplementary irrigation, that is typical of humid areas, there is no difference if one irrigate leaf lettuce by short-end-closed furrow or subsurface - trickle irrigation, scheduled either by tension of 20 kPa or AZSCHED software, concerning yield and nitrogen uptake. The risk of nitrogen leaching is higher for furrow irrigation systems than for drip.en_US
dc.description.notehydrology collectionen_US
dc.typeDissertation-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.subjectHydrology.en_US
dc.subjectLettuce -- Irrigation.en_US
dc.subjectSoils -- Nitrogen leaching.en_US
thesis.degree.namePh. D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineAgricultural and Biosystems Engineeringen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.chairYitayew, Mulunehen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberSlack, Donald C.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberFangmeier, Delmaren_US
dc.contributor.committeememberWarrick, Arthuren_US
dc.identifier.oclc217325453en_US
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