Analysis of the quasi-steady state approximation on parameter identifiability for a dynamic soil erosion model.

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/191169
Title:
Analysis of the quasi-steady state approximation on parameter identifiability for a dynamic soil erosion model.
Author:
Hernandez-Narvaez, Mariano,1956-
Issue Date:
1992
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
In 1985 the USDA - Agricultural Research Service initiated a national project called Water Erosion Prediction Project (WEPP) to develop a new generation water erosion prediction technology which will replace the USLE by 1992, the most widely used technology for estimating soil erosion by water. For simplicity, the WEPP model was developed assuming quasi-steady state conditions. An evaluation of the effects of formulating the unsteady state sediment continuity equation by assuming quasi-steady state conditions is presented. A methodology was developed to study soil erosion process in rainfall simulator plots treated as a microwatersheds. This was achieved by explicitly separating interrill and rill areas in the rainfall simulator plots using areal photographs and microtopographic data. A detailed analysis was conducted using response surface plots on the model structure of both formulations of the sediment continuity equation. The shape of the response surface plots indicated for each formulation whether the soil erosion parameter estimates were successfully identified. As an additional information, the sediment concentration graphs and the total sediment yield were used to determine major differences between the two formulations of the sediment continuity equation. Rainfall simulator plot data collected in five locations of the US were used for the calibration and validation of the model WESP. The unsteady state approach yielded lower values of the objective function than the quasi-steady state formulation. Using the unsteady state approach, physical interpretation may be associated with the soil erosion parameter values Kᵣ, T(cr), and Vₑ. The quasi-steady state soil erosion estimates showed a weak and unclear physical association. The shape of the sediment concentration graphs were similar for both formulations of the sediment continuity equation. The benefit obtained by using the more complicated unsteady state approach was a more accurate estimation of the peak, or maximum, sediment concentration. Total sediment yield estimates from both formulations were similar. Thus, insignificant benefit was obtained from using the unsteady state approach. In this study hydrographs reached equilibrium due to the long duration of simulated rainfall. The two model formulations might perform far differently under experimental conditions where steady state runoff is not reached.
Type:
Dissertation-Reproduction (electronic); text
Keywords:
Hydrology.; Soil erosion -- Arizona.; Watershed management -- Arizona.
Degree Name:
Ph. D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Renewable Natural Resources; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleAnalysis of the quasi-steady state approximation on parameter identifiability for a dynamic soil erosion model.en_US
dc.creatorHernandez-Narvaez, Mariano,1956-en_US
dc.contributor.authorHernandez-Narvaez, Mariano,1956-en_US
dc.date.issued1992en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractIn 1985 the USDA - Agricultural Research Service initiated a national project called Water Erosion Prediction Project (WEPP) to develop a new generation water erosion prediction technology which will replace the USLE by 1992, the most widely used technology for estimating soil erosion by water. For simplicity, the WEPP model was developed assuming quasi-steady state conditions. An evaluation of the effects of formulating the unsteady state sediment continuity equation by assuming quasi-steady state conditions is presented. A methodology was developed to study soil erosion process in rainfall simulator plots treated as a microwatersheds. This was achieved by explicitly separating interrill and rill areas in the rainfall simulator plots using areal photographs and microtopographic data. A detailed analysis was conducted using response surface plots on the model structure of both formulations of the sediment continuity equation. The shape of the response surface plots indicated for each formulation whether the soil erosion parameter estimates were successfully identified. As an additional information, the sediment concentration graphs and the total sediment yield were used to determine major differences between the two formulations of the sediment continuity equation. Rainfall simulator plot data collected in five locations of the US were used for the calibration and validation of the model WESP. The unsteady state approach yielded lower values of the objective function than the quasi-steady state formulation. Using the unsteady state approach, physical interpretation may be associated with the soil erosion parameter values Kᵣ, T(cr), and Vₑ. The quasi-steady state soil erosion estimates showed a weak and unclear physical association. The shape of the sediment concentration graphs were similar for both formulations of the sediment continuity equation. The benefit obtained by using the more complicated unsteady state approach was a more accurate estimation of the peak, or maximum, sediment concentration. Total sediment yield estimates from both formulations were similar. Thus, insignificant benefit was obtained from using the unsteady state approach. In this study hydrographs reached equilibrium due to the long duration of simulated rainfall. The two model formulations might perform far differently under experimental conditions where steady state runoff is not reached.en_US
dc.description.notehydrology collectionen_US
dc.typeDissertation-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.subjectHydrology.en_US
dc.subjectSoil erosion -- Arizona.en_US
dc.subjectWatershed management -- Arizona.en_US
thesis.degree.namePh. D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineRenewable Natural Resourcesen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.identifier.oclc213442980en_US
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