Alfalfa water-production functions under conditions of deficit irrigation with saline water

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/191117
Title:
Alfalfa water-production functions under conditions of deficit irrigation with saline water
Author:
Pennington, Karrie Sellers,1949-
Issue Date:
1986
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
This experiment was designed to determine the shape of the yield response function relating crop yield to total amount of saline irrigation water applied. Such a function contains a built-in leaching fraction that is the inevitable consequence of the inability of the plant to extract 100 % of the water from a saline soil. In order to define the production function and to determine the leaching fractions, alfalfa (Medicago sativa L. cv. 'Mesa Sirsa') was planted in soil columns in a greenhouse. Two experiments were run sequentially. These were irrigated with water of differing salinities. The first with an EC of 4 dS/m (1.4 bars) and the second with an EC of 8 dS/m (2.9 bars). Both solutions were prepared by adding equivalent amounts of sodium chloride and calcium chloride to distilled water. The treatment variables were amounts of irrigation water applied. The amounts in both experiments were 110%, 100%, 75%, 50% and 25% of the measured evapotranspiration (ET). Four crop harvests were made in each experiment. At the end of experiment 1, (approximately 120 days), one column from each treatment was destructively sampled for soil salinity and water content measurements. The remaining columns were similarly sampled at the end of experiment 2 (approximately 120 days). The crop-saline water production functions for both experiments were linear. Leaching fractions in experiment 1 were 9, 9, 6, 5 and 5% for treatments 1-5 respectively. Experiment 2 leaching fractions for treatments 1-5 respectively were 23, 25, 18, 15 and 17%. The lowest rootzone soil water osmotic potentials achieved by the end of experiment 1 for treatments 1-5 were -19, -20, -18, -26 and -24 bars. Corresponding treatment values achieved by the end of experiment 2 were -18, -22, -28, -31 and -45 bars.
Type:
Dissertation-Reproduction (electronic); text
Keywords:
Hydrology.; Alfalfa -- Irrigation.; Saline irrigation.; Plants -- Effect of salts on.
Degree Name:
Ph. D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Soil and Water Science; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Committee Chair:
Gardner, Wilford R.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleAlfalfa water-production functions under conditions of deficit irrigation with saline wateren_US
dc.creatorPennington, Karrie Sellers,1949-en_US
dc.contributor.authorPennington, Karrie Sellers,1949-en_US
dc.date.issued1986en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractThis experiment was designed to determine the shape of the yield response function relating crop yield to total amount of saline irrigation water applied. Such a function contains a built-in leaching fraction that is the inevitable consequence of the inability of the plant to extract 100 % of the water from a saline soil. In order to define the production function and to determine the leaching fractions, alfalfa (Medicago sativa L. cv. 'Mesa Sirsa') was planted in soil columns in a greenhouse. Two experiments were run sequentially. These were irrigated with water of differing salinities. The first with an EC of 4 dS/m (1.4 bars) and the second with an EC of 8 dS/m (2.9 bars). Both solutions were prepared by adding equivalent amounts of sodium chloride and calcium chloride to distilled water. The treatment variables were amounts of irrigation water applied. The amounts in both experiments were 110%, 100%, 75%, 50% and 25% of the measured evapotranspiration (ET). Four crop harvests were made in each experiment. At the end of experiment 1, (approximately 120 days), one column from each treatment was destructively sampled for soil salinity and water content measurements. The remaining columns were similarly sampled at the end of experiment 2 (approximately 120 days). The crop-saline water production functions for both experiments were linear. Leaching fractions in experiment 1 were 9, 9, 6, 5 and 5% for treatments 1-5 respectively. Experiment 2 leaching fractions for treatments 1-5 respectively were 23, 25, 18, 15 and 17%. The lowest rootzone soil water osmotic potentials achieved by the end of experiment 1 for treatments 1-5 were -19, -20, -18, -26 and -24 bars. Corresponding treatment values achieved by the end of experiment 2 were -18, -22, -28, -31 and -45 bars.en_US
dc.description.notehydrology collectionen_US
dc.typeDissertation-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.subjectHydrology.en_US
dc.subjectAlfalfa -- Irrigation.en_US
dc.subjectSaline irrigation.en_US
dc.subjectPlants -- Effect of salts on.en_US
thesis.degree.namePh. D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineSoil and Water Scienceen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.chairGardner, Wilford R.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberWarrick, Arthur W.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberMatthias, Allan D.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberMatsuda, Kaoruen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberDobrenz, Albert K.en_US
dc.identifier.oclc213360739en_US
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