Land use optimization and sediment yield model for Siran Watershed (Pakistan)

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/191104
Title:
Land use optimization and sediment yield model for Siran Watershed (Pakistan)
Author:
Shah, Bashir Hussain.
Issue Date:
1985
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
The main objective of this study is an assessment of the potential of applying land use optimization methods for minimizing the sediment yield from catchments. The study area is the Siran watershed, a subwatershed of the Tarbela watershed in Pakistan which drains directly into the Tarbela reservoir. It has an area of 4Ub sq. miles and receives 47.82 inches annual average precipitation. The main land use practices on the Siran Watershed are agriculture, rangeland grazing and forestry. A stochastic model for simulating daily precipitation and another for simulating daily maximum temperatures are developed for the area. The synthetic daily precipitation events are transformed into daily streamflows by the soil moisture counting streamflow model using the synthetic daily maximum temperatures as input. The streamtlow model, called the Generalized Streamflow Simulation System, is modified and used for simulating baseflow recessions. The stochastic precipitation model, the stochastic temperature model and the deterministic streamflow models were combined with the deterministic sediment yield model for simulating sediment yield from the watershed. The modified Universal Soil Loss Equation was used for simulating sediment yield. Parameters at these models were determined from data taken on the Siran Watershed. A linear program was used for land use optimization to minimize sediment yield and maximize watershed production. Both optimization processes ended up with the same land use areas allocating the Maximum area for forests. The expected sediment yield was reduced by 2.5 times and production of watershed was doubled. Optimization of crops was accomplished by maximizing the production of agriculture lands. This resulted in the allocation of major agriculture land areas for apple orchards. By adopting the final optimized land use practices, the sediment yield can be reduced to half and watershed production can be increased six times. The results of the present study are encouraging and indicate that application of land use optimization methods for reducing sediment yields nave great potential on the study area and on other subwatersheds of the Tarbela and Manyla Watersheds. The methodology developed in this study can provide a useful tool for watershed managers to reduce sediment yields and increase the income of the local inhabitants by maximizing the agriculture production in other parts of the country.
Type:
Dissertation-Reproduction (electronic); text
Keywords:
Hydrology.; Sedimentation and deposition -- Pakistan -- Siran River Watershed.; Reservoir sedimentation -- Pakistan.
Degree Name:
Ph. D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Renewable Natural Resources; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Committee Chair:
Thames, John L.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleLand use optimization and sediment yield model for Siran Watershed (Pakistan)en_US
dc.creatorShah, Bashir Hussain.en_US
dc.contributor.authorShah, Bashir Hussain.en_US
dc.date.issued1985en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractThe main objective of this study is an assessment of the potential of applying land use optimization methods for minimizing the sediment yield from catchments. The study area is the Siran watershed, a subwatershed of the Tarbela watershed in Pakistan which drains directly into the Tarbela reservoir. It has an area of 4Ub sq. miles and receives 47.82 inches annual average precipitation. The main land use practices on the Siran Watershed are agriculture, rangeland grazing and forestry. A stochastic model for simulating daily precipitation and another for simulating daily maximum temperatures are developed for the area. The synthetic daily precipitation events are transformed into daily streamflows by the soil moisture counting streamflow model using the synthetic daily maximum temperatures as input. The streamtlow model, called the Generalized Streamflow Simulation System, is modified and used for simulating baseflow recessions. The stochastic precipitation model, the stochastic temperature model and the deterministic streamflow models were combined with the deterministic sediment yield model for simulating sediment yield from the watershed. The modified Universal Soil Loss Equation was used for simulating sediment yield. Parameters at these models were determined from data taken on the Siran Watershed. A linear program was used for land use optimization to minimize sediment yield and maximize watershed production. Both optimization processes ended up with the same land use areas allocating the Maximum area for forests. The expected sediment yield was reduced by 2.5 times and production of watershed was doubled. Optimization of crops was accomplished by maximizing the production of agriculture lands. This resulted in the allocation of major agriculture land areas for apple orchards. By adopting the final optimized land use practices, the sediment yield can be reduced to half and watershed production can be increased six times. The results of the present study are encouraging and indicate that application of land use optimization methods for reducing sediment yields nave great potential on the study area and on other subwatersheds of the Tarbela and Manyla Watersheds. The methodology developed in this study can provide a useful tool for watershed managers to reduce sediment yields and increase the income of the local inhabitants by maximizing the agriculture production in other parts of the country.en_US
dc.description.notehydrology collectionen_US
dc.typeDissertation-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.subjectHydrology.en_US
dc.subjectSedimentation and deposition -- Pakistan -- Siran River Watershed.en_US
dc.subjectReservoir sedimentation -- Pakistan.en_US
thesis.degree.namePh. D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineRenewable Natural Resourcesen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.chairThames, John L.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberZwolinski, Malcolm J.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberFfolliot, Peter F.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberLehman, Gordonen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberPost, Donald F.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberStroehlein, Jack L.en_US
dc.identifier.oclc213416263en_US
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