Remote detection and preliminary hazard evaluation of volatile organic contaminants in groundwater

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/191090
Title:
Remote detection and preliminary hazard evaluation of volatile organic contaminants in groundwater
Author:
Marrin, Donn Louis.
Issue Date:
1984
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
Chapter I presents an investigation of a TCE-contaminated aquifer beneath Tucson International Airport, Arizona. Shallow soil gas (< 2m deep) was collected and analyzed for halocarbon contaminants to determine the relationship with vadose zone and groundwater contamination directly below. The TCE plume in shallow soil gas was mapped with 46 probes and spanned 3 orders of magnitude in concentration (< 0.001 to 2.0 μg/L). TCE concentrations in water from 5 monitoring wells around the Airport property ranged from 4 to 2800 ppb and had a correlation coefficient (r) of 0.90 with TCE concentrations in shallow soil gas. Vertical borings were completed to the water table at four locations in order to obtain profiles of soil gas contamination, air porosity, and water saturation. Vertical concentration gradients and effective diffusion coefficients were used to calculate flux rates for volatile organic contaminants (VOC's). Flux values ranged from 0.094 to 680 pg/day per m² for the four borings, and an annual mass transfer of TCE from groundwater to the atmosphere was estimated at 4 kg over the 0.5 km² site. Contaminant concentrations in shallow soil gas provided an accurate indication (r = 0.94) of vadose zone flux on a site-specific basis. The success in delineating the areal extent of subsurface contamination via soil gas sampling is not diminished by geologic or hydrologic anomalies if they are not laterally extensive compared to the plume. Chapter II introduces an environmental rates model which provides an estimate of the subsurface fate of volatile organic chemicals. Six hydrochemical indices are estimated (dissolved flow retardation, immiscible flow retardation, air-water partitioning, soil gas diffusion, hydrolysis, biodegradation) from compound-specific properties and site-specific characteristics. In addition, the carcinogenic potential and metabolic intermediates (two biochemical indices) of 75 volatile organic chemicals are estimated from the compounds' chemical structure. The model output is designed to assist water resource and environmental decision-makers in assessing the severity of existing problems and in avoiding potential problems.
Type:
Dissertation-Reproduction (electronic); text
Keywords:
Hydrology.; Groundwater -- Pollution -- Arizona.; Groundwater -- Quality -- Arizona.
Degree Name:
Ph. D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Hydrology and Water Resources; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Committee Chair:
Bradley, Michael D.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleRemote detection and preliminary hazard evaluation of volatile organic contaminants in groundwateren_US
dc.creatorMarrin, Donn Louis.en_US
dc.contributor.authorMarrin, Donn Louis.en_US
dc.date.issued1984en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractChapter I presents an investigation of a TCE-contaminated aquifer beneath Tucson International Airport, Arizona. Shallow soil gas (< 2m deep) was collected and analyzed for halocarbon contaminants to determine the relationship with vadose zone and groundwater contamination directly below. The TCE plume in shallow soil gas was mapped with 46 probes and spanned 3 orders of magnitude in concentration (< 0.001 to 2.0 μg/L). TCE concentrations in water from 5 monitoring wells around the Airport property ranged from 4 to 2800 ppb and had a correlation coefficient (r) of 0.90 with TCE concentrations in shallow soil gas. Vertical borings were completed to the water table at four locations in order to obtain profiles of soil gas contamination, air porosity, and water saturation. Vertical concentration gradients and effective diffusion coefficients were used to calculate flux rates for volatile organic contaminants (VOC's). Flux values ranged from 0.094 to 680 pg/day per m² for the four borings, and an annual mass transfer of TCE from groundwater to the atmosphere was estimated at 4 kg over the 0.5 km² site. Contaminant concentrations in shallow soil gas provided an accurate indication (r = 0.94) of vadose zone flux on a site-specific basis. The success in delineating the areal extent of subsurface contamination via soil gas sampling is not diminished by geologic or hydrologic anomalies if they are not laterally extensive compared to the plume. Chapter II introduces an environmental rates model which provides an estimate of the subsurface fate of volatile organic chemicals. Six hydrochemical indices are estimated (dissolved flow retardation, immiscible flow retardation, air-water partitioning, soil gas diffusion, hydrolysis, biodegradation) from compound-specific properties and site-specific characteristics. In addition, the carcinogenic potential and metabolic intermediates (two biochemical indices) of 75 volatile organic chemicals are estimated from the compounds' chemical structure. The model output is designed to assist water resource and environmental decision-makers in assessing the severity of existing problems and in avoiding potential problems.en_US
dc.description.notehydrology collectionen_US
dc.typeDissertation-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.subjectHydrology.en_US
dc.subjectGroundwater -- Pollution -- Arizona.en_US
dc.subjectGroundwater -- Quality -- Arizona.en_US
thesis.degree.namePh. D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineHydrology and Water Resourcesen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.chairBradley, Michael D.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberThompson, Glennen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberMatter, William J.en_US
dc.identifier.oclc213299631en_US
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