Estimating the Spatial Distribution of Snow Water Equivalent and Simulated Snowmelt Runoff Modeling in Headwater Basins of the Semi-arid Southwest

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/190929
Title:
Estimating the Spatial Distribution of Snow Water Equivalent and Simulated Snowmelt Runoff Modeling in Headwater Basins of the Semi-arid Southwest
Author:
Dressler, Kevin Andrew
Issue Date:
2005
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
The spatial distribution of snowpack in relation to snow water equivalent (SWE) and covered extent is highly variable in time both seasonally and interannually. In order to assess basin water resources, SWE must be distributed to areal estimates. This spatially distributed SWE connects the point scale to the larger scale of the basin (i.e. macro-scale), requiring a combination approach of statistical interpolation techniques and snowpack extent constraint from remote sensing. This research connects those multiple spatial scales and applies the combined remote sensing and ground-based SWE products in a hydrologic model setting to aid in improving streamflow forecasting in the mountainous terrain of snowmelt-dominated basins, a current modeling gap. Four specific advancements were achieved: 1) a comprehensive assessment of spatial distribution techniques in interpolating point snow water equivalent (SWE) measurements at snow telemetry (SNOTEL) stations to the macro-scale was made and an optimal technique for distributing SWE on this scale was obtained; 2) differences between two major data sources of SWE (SNOTEL and snowcourse) were quantified for both point-scale variability and interpolated macro-scale variability to determine spatial and temporal differences in data sources for dry, average and wet years to better inform water resources management applications; 3) basin-scale estimates of ground-based SWE and snow covered area (SCA) from remote sensing were evaluated relative to equivalent fields calculated by a hydrologic model and the effect of assimilating the remote sensing products into the model were investigated; and 4) in the context of (3), improvements were made in macro-scale SCA estimates through both a canopy correction and a low pass statistical filter in an effort to correct for the relatively low resolution of remotely sensed estimates.
Type:
Dissertation-Reproduction (electronic); text
Keywords:
Hydrology.; Runoff -- Southwestern States -- Mathematical models.; Snow melt.; Meltwater.
Degree Name:
Ph. D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Hydrology and Water Resources; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Committee Chair:
Bales, Roger C.; Shuttleworth, W. James

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleEstimating the Spatial Distribution of Snow Water Equivalent and Simulated Snowmelt Runoff Modeling in Headwater Basins of the Semi-arid Southwesten_US
dc.creatorDressler, Kevin Andrewen_US
dc.contributor.authorDressler, Kevin Andrewen_US
dc.date.issued2005en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractThe spatial distribution of snowpack in relation to snow water equivalent (SWE) and covered extent is highly variable in time both seasonally and interannually. In order to assess basin water resources, SWE must be distributed to areal estimates. This spatially distributed SWE connects the point scale to the larger scale of the basin (i.e. macro-scale), requiring a combination approach of statistical interpolation techniques and snowpack extent constraint from remote sensing. This research connects those multiple spatial scales and applies the combined remote sensing and ground-based SWE products in a hydrologic model setting to aid in improving streamflow forecasting in the mountainous terrain of snowmelt-dominated basins, a current modeling gap. Four specific advancements were achieved: 1) a comprehensive assessment of spatial distribution techniques in interpolating point snow water equivalent (SWE) measurements at snow telemetry (SNOTEL) stations to the macro-scale was made and an optimal technique for distributing SWE on this scale was obtained; 2) differences between two major data sources of SWE (SNOTEL and snowcourse) were quantified for both point-scale variability and interpolated macro-scale variability to determine spatial and temporal differences in data sources for dry, average and wet years to better inform water resources management applications; 3) basin-scale estimates of ground-based SWE and snow covered area (SCA) from remote sensing were evaluated relative to equivalent fields calculated by a hydrologic model and the effect of assimilating the remote sensing products into the model were investigated; and 4) in the context of (3), improvements were made in macro-scale SCA estimates through both a canopy correction and a low pass statistical filter in an effort to correct for the relatively low resolution of remotely sensed estimates.en_US
dc.description.notehydrology collectionen_US
dc.typeDissertation-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.subjectHydrology.en_US
dc.subjectRunoff -- Southwestern States -- Mathematical models.en_US
dc.subjectSnow melt.en_US
dc.subjectMeltwater.en_US
thesis.degree.namePh. D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineHydrology and Water Resourcesen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.chairBales, Roger C.en_US
dc.contributor.chairShuttleworth, W. Jamesen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberShtutleworth, W. Jamesen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberNijssen, Bart M.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberFassnacht, Steven R.en_US
dc.identifier.oclc137353765en_US
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