Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/187950
Title:
BETA ENDORPHIN LEVELS IN BURNED PATIENTS.
Author:
GOOSEN, GERALDINE MAY.
Issue Date:
1985
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
Nursing activities directed at maintaining patient comfort incorporates time and energy. Nurses and researchers continue to search for adequate methods and information to quantify pain. The common mode of therapy is the administration of narcotics, which do not consistently relieve the pain described by traumatically injured patients. Discovery of endogenous opiates, such as β-endorphins, provided the potential for acquiring additional physiologic information regarding neuro-endocrine activities associated with pain. Consistent findings of concentrated β-endorphins in areas of the central nervous system previously identified as pain pathways prompted clinical researchers to determine β-endorphin levels in patients experiencing pain. The purposes of this investigation were to study β-endorphin levels in burn injured patients by describing: (1) the pattern of β-endorphin levels in burn injured patients during the first two weeks following injury, (2) the relationship between β-endorphin levels and the severity of the burn injury, (3) the relationship between analgesia taken by patients and the severity of the burn, and (4) the relationship between β-endorphin levels and the amount of analgesia given to the burn patient. Plasma samples for β-endorphin levels were obtained from 28 burned patients over a two-week interval. New England Nuclear ¹²⁵I β-Endorphin Kits were used to assay the plasma samples. In addition, information was tabulated from the patient's chart to complete the Burn Severity Index. Narcotic analgesia taken 24 hours before obtaining the blood sample were summarized and categorized according to the Equianalgesia Table. Descriptive and correlational statistics showed no significant relationships between β-endorphins over time, β-endorphins with burn severity, β-endorphins with the analgesia equivalency score, or burn severity with the analgesia equivalency scores. β-endorphin levels were elevated above normal in all 28 patients. Five patients displayed the anticipated declining pattern over the two-week interval post burn. Many erratic peaks and troughs in β-endorphin levels were observed with some peaks associated with clinical events. The findings of elevated β-endorphin levels have implications for nursing practice and provide stimulus for continued nursing research.
Type:
text; Dissertation-Reproduction (electronic)
Keywords:
Endorphins.; Burns and scalds.; Analgesia.; Pain.
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Nursing; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Hinshaw, Ada Sue

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleBETA ENDORPHIN LEVELS IN BURNED PATIENTS.en_US
dc.creatorGOOSEN, GERALDINE MAY.en_US
dc.contributor.authorGOOSEN, GERALDINE MAY.en_US
dc.date.issued1985en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractNursing activities directed at maintaining patient comfort incorporates time and energy. Nurses and researchers continue to search for adequate methods and information to quantify pain. The common mode of therapy is the administration of narcotics, which do not consistently relieve the pain described by traumatically injured patients. Discovery of endogenous opiates, such as β-endorphins, provided the potential for acquiring additional physiologic information regarding neuro-endocrine activities associated with pain. Consistent findings of concentrated β-endorphins in areas of the central nervous system previously identified as pain pathways prompted clinical researchers to determine β-endorphin levels in patients experiencing pain. The purposes of this investigation were to study β-endorphin levels in burn injured patients by describing: (1) the pattern of β-endorphin levels in burn injured patients during the first two weeks following injury, (2) the relationship between β-endorphin levels and the severity of the burn injury, (3) the relationship between analgesia taken by patients and the severity of the burn, and (4) the relationship between β-endorphin levels and the amount of analgesia given to the burn patient. Plasma samples for β-endorphin levels were obtained from 28 burned patients over a two-week interval. New England Nuclear ¹²⁵I β-Endorphin Kits were used to assay the plasma samples. In addition, information was tabulated from the patient's chart to complete the Burn Severity Index. Narcotic analgesia taken 24 hours before obtaining the blood sample were summarized and categorized according to the Equianalgesia Table. Descriptive and correlational statistics showed no significant relationships between β-endorphins over time, β-endorphins with burn severity, β-endorphins with the analgesia equivalency score, or burn severity with the analgesia equivalency scores. β-endorphin levels were elevated above normal in all 28 patients. Five patients displayed the anticipated declining pattern over the two-week interval post burn. Many erratic peaks and troughs in β-endorphin levels were observed with some peaks associated with clinical events. The findings of elevated β-endorphin levels have implications for nursing practice and provide stimulus for continued nursing research.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeDissertation-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.subjectEndorphins.en_US
dc.subjectBurns and scalds.en_US
dc.subjectAnalgesia.en_US
dc.subjectPain.en_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineNursingen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorHinshaw, Ada Sueen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberMcCord, Beverlyen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberPutt, Arleneen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberVanOrt, Suzanneen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberHohmann, Georgeen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberWetzel, Maryen_US
dc.identifier.proquest8514908en_US
dc.identifier.oclc696347629en_US
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