PSYCHOMETRIC PROPERTIES OF INSTRUMENTS MEASURING STRESS IN THE AGED.

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/187846
Title:
PSYCHOMETRIC PROPERTIES OF INSTRUMENTS MEASURING STRESS IN THE AGED.
Author:
ROUSSEAU, ELAINE WALDMAN.
Issue Date:
1984
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
This study was designed to assess the appropriateness of current standardized checklists used to measure stressful life events in a noninstitutionalized population aged 65-74 years of age. Previous studies, sampling from a younger aged population, have demonstrated a temporal association between an increase in stressful life events and psychophysiological disease. Before stress can be studied as a precipitator of disease onset in the aged, it must be determined if the instruments designed to measure stress are reliable and valid for use with the aged. Specifically, the following questions were examined: (1) Reliability--Are the checklists reliable for use with this population? (2) Relevance--Are the checklists valid for use with this population? (3) Are these events considered to be stressful for this population? (4) Does the scoring system used influence the results? (5) Are the events included on the checklists events that occur in the lives of people aged 65-74? (6) Are there other events, not on the checklists, which are stressful for older people? The data base for this study consisted of responses from 185 subjects aged 65-74 years. Each respondent completed three standardized checklists designed to measure stressful life events and a demographic sheet which included provision for respondents to write any stressful event(s) that had occurred. Results were analyzed by subscale. As a result of this study it was determined that: (1) Reliability coefficients across subscales were not sufficiently large to warrant using these checklists with this aged population. (2) The three checklists were not valid for use with this aged population. (3) Respondents in this study perceived most events as being more stressful than did a younger age standardized group. (4) Standardized weights for the events should be assigned by people aged 65-74 years. (5) Stressful life events are different for people aged 65-74 years than for younger aged people. It was recommended that the checklists be revised for use with this age population. This revision includes modifying events on the checklist and having people aged 65-74 years assign standardized weights that reflect the stressfulness of the events.
Type:
text; Dissertation-Reproduction (electronic)
Keywords:
Stress (Psychology); Older people -- Psychology.; Stress (Physiology) -- Testing.; Stress relaxation tests.; Psychological tests.
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Educational Psychology; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Nicholson

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titlePSYCHOMETRIC PROPERTIES OF INSTRUMENTS MEASURING STRESS IN THE AGED.en_US
dc.creatorROUSSEAU, ELAINE WALDMAN.en_US
dc.contributor.authorROUSSEAU, ELAINE WALDMAN.en_US
dc.date.issued1984en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractThis study was designed to assess the appropriateness of current standardized checklists used to measure stressful life events in a noninstitutionalized population aged 65-74 years of age. Previous studies, sampling from a younger aged population, have demonstrated a temporal association between an increase in stressful life events and psychophysiological disease. Before stress can be studied as a precipitator of disease onset in the aged, it must be determined if the instruments designed to measure stress are reliable and valid for use with the aged. Specifically, the following questions were examined: (1) Reliability--Are the checklists reliable for use with this population? (2) Relevance--Are the checklists valid for use with this population? (3) Are these events considered to be stressful for this population? (4) Does the scoring system used influence the results? (5) Are the events included on the checklists events that occur in the lives of people aged 65-74? (6) Are there other events, not on the checklists, which are stressful for older people? The data base for this study consisted of responses from 185 subjects aged 65-74 years. Each respondent completed three standardized checklists designed to measure stressful life events and a demographic sheet which included provision for respondents to write any stressful event(s) that had occurred. Results were analyzed by subscale. As a result of this study it was determined that: (1) Reliability coefficients across subscales were not sufficiently large to warrant using these checklists with this aged population. (2) The three checklists were not valid for use with this aged population. (3) Respondents in this study perceived most events as being more stressful than did a younger age standardized group. (4) Standardized weights for the events should be assigned by people aged 65-74 years. (5) Stressful life events are different for people aged 65-74 years than for younger aged people. It was recommended that the checklists be revised for use with this age population. This revision includes modifying events on the checklist and having people aged 65-74 years assign standardized weights that reflect the stressfulness of the events.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeDissertation-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.subjectStress (Psychology)en_US
dc.subjectOlder people -- Psychology.en_US
dc.subjectStress (Physiology) -- Testing.en_US
dc.subjectStress relaxation tests.en_US
dc.subjectPsychological tests.en_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineEducational Psychologyen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorNicholsonen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberDinhamen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberMarquarten_US
dc.contributor.committeememberWrennen_US
dc.identifier.proquest8504138en_US
dc.identifier.oclc693409042en_US
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