AN INTERACTING BOSON MODEL OF CLUSTERING IN NUCLEI: ALPHA-PARTICLE CLUSTERING IN HEAVY NUCLEI (NUCLEAR STRUCTURE, SU(3) LIMIT, ALPHA-DECAY, E1 TRANSITIONS, ACTINIDES).

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/187823
Title:
AN INTERACTING BOSON MODEL OF CLUSTERING IN NUCLEI: ALPHA-PARTICLE CLUSTERING IN HEAVY NUCLEI (NUCLEAR STRUCTURE, SU(3) LIMIT, ALPHA-DECAY, E1 TRANSITIONS, ACTINIDES).
Author:
DALEY, HENRY JOSEPH.
Issue Date:
1984
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
A general interacting boson model of clustering in nuclei is presented. The model is then specialized to the case of n identical α-clusters [U(6) (CRTIMES) U(4)] , followed by a detailed study of the SU(3) dynamical limit. Many useful formulae are derived in this limit. The general problem of coexistence and configuration mixing is discussed, and a useful SU(3) bank mixing approximation (BMA) is presented. Formulae for the case of two mixed configurations are derived. The method of calculating the matrix elements for two-nucleon transfer reactions is demonstrated, and formulae for α-decay reduced widths are given. This model is then utilized for the study of the systematic trends of the data available for actinide nuclei. Most of the results presented here are for the well-deformed even-even mass actinides with A < 242; however, some trends in going to the spherical region and to larger A are studied. Tests, based on experimental data, are presented to discriminate between different limits of this model, and between this and other models. The limit of the model presented here satisfies all of the experimental tests found, while all other competing models were found to have serious deficiencies. This phenomenological study indicates that α-clustering effects are of fundamental importance for understanding the structure and dynamics of actinide nuclei. Suggestions for future research are made, some of which are based on preliminary work that has already been done.
Type:
text; Dissertation-Reproduction (electronic)
Keywords:
Cluster theory (Nuclear physics)
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Physics; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Barrett, Bruce R.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleAN INTERACTING BOSON MODEL OF CLUSTERING IN NUCLEI: ALPHA-PARTICLE CLUSTERING IN HEAVY NUCLEI (NUCLEAR STRUCTURE, SU(3) LIMIT, ALPHA-DECAY, E1 TRANSITIONS, ACTINIDES).en_US
dc.creatorDALEY, HENRY JOSEPH.en_US
dc.contributor.authorDALEY, HENRY JOSEPH.en_US
dc.date.issued1984en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractA general interacting boson model of clustering in nuclei is presented. The model is then specialized to the case of n identical α-clusters [U(6) (CRTIMES) U(4)] , followed by a detailed study of the SU(3) dynamical limit. Many useful formulae are derived in this limit. The general problem of coexistence and configuration mixing is discussed, and a useful SU(3) bank mixing approximation (BMA) is presented. Formulae for the case of two mixed configurations are derived. The method of calculating the matrix elements for two-nucleon transfer reactions is demonstrated, and formulae for α-decay reduced widths are given. This model is then utilized for the study of the systematic trends of the data available for actinide nuclei. Most of the results presented here are for the well-deformed even-even mass actinides with A < 242; however, some trends in going to the spherical region and to larger A are studied. Tests, based on experimental data, are presented to discriminate between different limits of this model, and between this and other models. The limit of the model presented here satisfies all of the experimental tests found, while all other competing models were found to have serious deficiencies. This phenomenological study indicates that α-clustering effects are of fundamental importance for understanding the structure and dynamics of actinide nuclei. Suggestions for future research are made, some of which are based on preliminary work that has already been done.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeDissertation-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.subjectCluster theory (Nuclear physics)en_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplinePhysicsen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorBarrett, Bruce R.en_US
dc.identifier.proquest8504115en_US
dc.identifier.oclc693396947en_US
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