SOLUBILIZATION OF SOME POORLY SOLUBLE DRUGS BY COSOLVENTS (FORMULATION, IDEALITY, POLARITY).

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/187780
Title:
SOLUBILIZATION OF SOME POORLY SOLUBLE DRUGS BY COSOLVENTS (FORMULATION, IDEALITY, POLARITY).
Author:
RUBINO, JOSEPH THOMAS.
Issue Date:
1984
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
The solubilities of three poorly water soluble drugs, phenytoin, diazepam and benzocaine, were measured in various cosolvent-water mixtures. The data were generally described by the relationship: log (S(m)/S(w)) = Σf₁σ₁ where S(m) is the solubility of the drug in the cosolvent-water mixture, S(w) is the solubility of the drug in water, f₁ is the volume fraction of cosolventi and σ₁ is the slope of the log(S(m)/S(w)) vs. f₁ plot. In most cases, some positive or negative deviation from the log-linear solubility equation is observed. The deviation is similar for all three drugs in many of the cosolvent-water mixtures. This suggests that the deviation is primarily due to interactions between the solvent components. However, it could not be predicted from any of the physical properties of the solvent mixtures. Changes in the solute crystal structure could not be identified as a source of nonideality. The deviations from the log-linear solubility equation may involve such factors as changes in solvent structure, hydrophobic hydration, density changes and hydrogen bonding differences between solute and cosolvent. The slopes, σ₁, of the solubilization plots were related to various indexes of solvent polarity including dielectric constant, solubility parameter, partition coefficient, surface tension and interfacial tension. The best correlations were obtained with measures of solvent cohesive forces such as interfacial tension and solubility parameter. In general, the solubilities in mixtures of aprotic cosolvents and water are higher than predicted by any of the polarity indexes. The slopes are thus related to the hydrogen bonding ability of the cosolvent as expressed by the density of proton donor and acceptor groups of the neat cosolvent. The slopes of the solubilization plots can be predicted from linear relationships with polarity indexes of the cosolvent. Therefore it is possible to estimate the slope, σ, in any cosolvent-water mixture from the solubilities in two solvents for a given drug. Furthermore, the solubility in any cosolvent water mixture can be estimated by combining the log-linear solubility equation with the estimated slopes.
Type:
text; Dissertation-Reproduction (electronic)
Keywords:
Drugs -- Solubility.; Drug carriers (Pharmacy); Phenytoin -- Solubility.; Solubilization.
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Pharmaceutical Sciences; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleSOLUBILIZATION OF SOME POORLY SOLUBLE DRUGS BY COSOLVENTS (FORMULATION, IDEALITY, POLARITY).en_US
dc.creatorRUBINO, JOSEPH THOMAS.en_US
dc.contributor.authorRUBINO, JOSEPH THOMAS.en_US
dc.date.issued1984en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractThe solubilities of three poorly water soluble drugs, phenytoin, diazepam and benzocaine, were measured in various cosolvent-water mixtures. The data were generally described by the relationship: log (S(m)/S(w)) = Σf₁σ₁ where S(m) is the solubility of the drug in the cosolvent-water mixture, S(w) is the solubility of the drug in water, f₁ is the volume fraction of cosolventi and σ₁ is the slope of the log(S(m)/S(w)) vs. f₁ plot. In most cases, some positive or negative deviation from the log-linear solubility equation is observed. The deviation is similar for all three drugs in many of the cosolvent-water mixtures. This suggests that the deviation is primarily due to interactions between the solvent components. However, it could not be predicted from any of the physical properties of the solvent mixtures. Changes in the solute crystal structure could not be identified as a source of nonideality. The deviations from the log-linear solubility equation may involve such factors as changes in solvent structure, hydrophobic hydration, density changes and hydrogen bonding differences between solute and cosolvent. The slopes, σ₁, of the solubilization plots were related to various indexes of solvent polarity including dielectric constant, solubility parameter, partition coefficient, surface tension and interfacial tension. The best correlations were obtained with measures of solvent cohesive forces such as interfacial tension and solubility parameter. In general, the solubilities in mixtures of aprotic cosolvents and water are higher than predicted by any of the polarity indexes. The slopes are thus related to the hydrogen bonding ability of the cosolvent as expressed by the density of proton donor and acceptor groups of the neat cosolvent. The slopes of the solubilization plots can be predicted from linear relationships with polarity indexes of the cosolvent. Therefore it is possible to estimate the slope, σ, in any cosolvent-water mixture from the solubilities in two solvents for a given drug. Furthermore, the solubility in any cosolvent water mixture can be estimated by combining the log-linear solubility equation with the estimated slopes.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeDissertation-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.subjectDrugs -- Solubility.en_US
dc.subjectDrug carriers (Pharmacy)en_US
dc.subjectPhenytoin -- Solubility.en_US
dc.subjectSolubilization.en_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplinePharmaceutical Sciencesen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.identifier.proquest8424934en_US
dc.identifier.oclc693291463en_US
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