BROADLEAF WEED CONTROL IN SEEDLING FIELDS OF SIDEOATS GRAMA AT VARIOUS STAGES OF DEVELOPMENT.

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/187614
Title:
BROADLEAF WEED CONTROL IN SEEDLING FIELDS OF SIDEOATS GRAMA AT VARIOUS STAGES OF DEVELOPMENT.
Author:
AL-MASHHDANY, SHOWKET ABDULLAH.
Issue Date:
1982
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
Two varieties of sideoats grama (Vaughn and NM-28) were planted in late summer of 1980. The seedlings were treated with a variety of broadleaf weed control treatments at 1-, 3-, 5-leaf, and tillering stages of grass seedling growth to determine the effectiveness of these treatments for controlling weeds and the appropriate stages of grass seedling growth to apply them and consequently on grass establishment, density, forage production and plant height. Four months after seeding, NM-28 stands were more dense, produced more forage and the plants were taller than Vaughn. Treatments of dicamba at 0.28 and 0.56 kg/ha were the most effective herbicidal treatments in controlling weeds and resulted in highest stand densities and yields when applied at the 1- and 3-leaf seedling growth. Both treatments gave over 90% control of weeds at the earlier stages but control decreased at later stages of treatment. Lower control resulted when 2,4-D at 0.56 and 1.12 kg/ha were applied. Even though hand weeding treatment resulted weed-free plots during the first four months of seedling development, it resulted in less stand densities and yields when compared to herbicidal treatments. One year after treatment, Vaughn established into taller stands and produced higher yields than NM-28. Dicamba 0.28 kg/ha and 2,4-D 0.56 kg/ha effectively aided in better stand density and yield. Treatments applied at earlier stages of growth resulted in better establishment of both varieties. Dicamba at 0.28 kg/ha was the most effective herbicidal treatment for both varieties. However, hand weeding evaluated one year after seeding, effectively increased both accessions' yield and was the most effective treatment. Greenhouse and laboratory experiments were conducted to determine the uptake and distribution of ('14)C-2,4-D in both sideoats grama accessions and palmer amaranth seedling plant parts at 1, 4, 8 and 24h after treatment. Over all harvest times, 25.3, 2.8 and 3.1% activity were recovered in Vaughn treated leaf, tillers and crown, respectively. That was compared to 33.9, .68 and 6.8% in the same NM-28 plant parts, respectively. Higher percentages of activity were recovered in palmer amaranth plant parts; 50.5% in treated leaf, 8.5% above treated leaf and 5.4% below.
Type:
text; Dissertation-Reproduction (electronic)
Keywords:
Side-oats grama -- Weed control.; Herbicides.
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Plant Sciences; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleBROADLEAF WEED CONTROL IN SEEDLING FIELDS OF SIDEOATS GRAMA AT VARIOUS STAGES OF DEVELOPMENT.en_US
dc.creatorAL-MASHHDANY, SHOWKET ABDULLAH.en_US
dc.contributor.authorAL-MASHHDANY, SHOWKET ABDULLAH.en_US
dc.date.issued1982en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractTwo varieties of sideoats grama (Vaughn and NM-28) were planted in late summer of 1980. The seedlings were treated with a variety of broadleaf weed control treatments at 1-, 3-, 5-leaf, and tillering stages of grass seedling growth to determine the effectiveness of these treatments for controlling weeds and the appropriate stages of grass seedling growth to apply them and consequently on grass establishment, density, forage production and plant height. Four months after seeding, NM-28 stands were more dense, produced more forage and the plants were taller than Vaughn. Treatments of dicamba at 0.28 and 0.56 kg/ha were the most effective herbicidal treatments in controlling weeds and resulted in highest stand densities and yields when applied at the 1- and 3-leaf seedling growth. Both treatments gave over 90% control of weeds at the earlier stages but control decreased at later stages of treatment. Lower control resulted when 2,4-D at 0.56 and 1.12 kg/ha were applied. Even though hand weeding treatment resulted weed-free plots during the first four months of seedling development, it resulted in less stand densities and yields when compared to herbicidal treatments. One year after treatment, Vaughn established into taller stands and produced higher yields than NM-28. Dicamba 0.28 kg/ha and 2,4-D 0.56 kg/ha effectively aided in better stand density and yield. Treatments applied at earlier stages of growth resulted in better establishment of both varieties. Dicamba at 0.28 kg/ha was the most effective herbicidal treatment for both varieties. However, hand weeding evaluated one year after seeding, effectively increased both accessions' yield and was the most effective treatment. Greenhouse and laboratory experiments were conducted to determine the uptake and distribution of ('14)C-2,4-D in both sideoats grama accessions and palmer amaranth seedling plant parts at 1, 4, 8 and 24h after treatment. Over all harvest times, 25.3, 2.8 and 3.1% activity were recovered in Vaughn treated leaf, tillers and crown, respectively. That was compared to 33.9, .68 and 6.8% in the same NM-28 plant parts, respectively. Higher percentages of activity were recovered in palmer amaranth plant parts; 50.5% in treated leaf, 8.5% above treated leaf and 5.4% below.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeDissertation-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.subjectSide-oats grama -- Weed control.en_US
dc.subjectHerbicides.en_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplinePlant Sciencesen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberBartels, Paul G.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberSchmutz, Ervin M.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberHull, Herbert M.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberJordan, Gilbert L.en_US
dc.identifier.proquest8217435en_US
dc.identifier.oclc681960437en_US
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