STRUCTURAL GEOLOGY AND TECTONIC EVOLUTION OF THE NORTHEASTERN RINCON MOUNTAINS, COCHISE AND PIMA COUNTIES, ARIZONA

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/187530
Title:
STRUCTURAL GEOLOGY AND TECTONIC EVOLUTION OF THE NORTHEASTERN RINCON MOUNTAINS, COCHISE AND PIMA COUNTIES, ARIZONA
Author:
Lingrey, Steven Howard
Issue Date:
1982
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
The northeastern Rincon Mountains record a superposed history of low-angle normal-slip shear strain. Moderate- to low-angle faults, mapped previously as Laramide thrust faults, are recognized as normal faults of Tertiary age. Two faults are predominant: a younger-overolder ductile fault forms the base of a metasedimentary carapace, a ductile shear zone (decollement zone) of southwest vergent slip, and an older-over-younger (locally younger-over-older) fault named herein as the San Pedro basal detachment fault forms a brittle shear surface of west-southwest slip. The decollement zone is characterized by passive-slip folding, flexural-flow folding, boudinage, stretched pebbles, and low-angle ductile normal faults. Structural analysis reveals southwest- ergent simple shear strain with a component of superimposed pure shear strain (vertical flattening). The San Pedro basal etachment fault underlies a faulted, distended allochthon. The internal structure of the allochthon is characterized by an imbricate shingling of tilted fault blocks against west-dipping normal faults, suggesting emplacement from the east by an extensional and/or gravitional mechanism. Detachment faulting involved Late Oligocene sedimentary rocks yet cuts ∼26 m.y. old dikes. Mid-Miocene (?) faults form north-trending fault blocks which have rotated rocks of the metamorphic basement and the allochthon eastward. High-angle normal faults of the Basin and Range disturbance form an eastern fault margin across which the northeastern Rincon Mountains have been uplifted. The deformation recorded in the northeastern Rincon Mountains is interpreted to reflect mid-Tertiary crustal extension. Early structural elements define a ductile shear zone which is either truncated or overprinted by a subsequently thinner zone of brittle shear. The shear zone descends stratigraphically westward across the Rincon Mountains. Reconstructions of its mid-Tertiary configuration show the shear zone to be a surface of normal-slip. Displacement near the surface is by brittle shear, but is progressively replaced by ductile shear down-dip. Evolution of the surface superimposes the region of brittle shear against the region of ductile shear. Late Cenozoic block faulting has segmented, tilted, and exhumed the surface.
Type:
text; Dissertation-Reproduction (electronic)
Keywords:
Geology -- Arizona -- Rincon Mountains.; Geology, Structural.; Faults (Geology) -- Arizona -- Rincon Mountains.; Geology -- Arizona -- Pima County.; Geology -- Arizona -- Cochise County.
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Geosciences; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Davis, George A.
Committee Chair:
Davis, George A.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleSTRUCTURAL GEOLOGY AND TECTONIC EVOLUTION OF THE NORTHEASTERN RINCON MOUNTAINS, COCHISE AND PIMA COUNTIES, ARIZONAen_US
dc.creatorLingrey, Steven Howarden_US
dc.contributor.authorLingrey, Steven Howarden_US
dc.date.issued1982en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractThe northeastern Rincon Mountains record a superposed history of low-angle normal-slip shear strain. Moderate- to low-angle faults, mapped previously as Laramide thrust faults, are recognized as normal faults of Tertiary age. Two faults are predominant: a younger-overolder ductile fault forms the base of a metasedimentary carapace, a ductile shear zone (decollement zone) of southwest vergent slip, and an older-over-younger (locally younger-over-older) fault named herein as the San Pedro basal detachment fault forms a brittle shear surface of west-southwest slip. The decollement zone is characterized by passive-slip folding, flexural-flow folding, boudinage, stretched pebbles, and low-angle ductile normal faults. Structural analysis reveals southwest- ergent simple shear strain with a component of superimposed pure shear strain (vertical flattening). The San Pedro basal etachment fault underlies a faulted, distended allochthon. The internal structure of the allochthon is characterized by an imbricate shingling of tilted fault blocks against west-dipping normal faults, suggesting emplacement from the east by an extensional and/or gravitional mechanism. Detachment faulting involved Late Oligocene sedimentary rocks yet cuts ∼26 m.y. old dikes. Mid-Miocene (?) faults form north-trending fault blocks which have rotated rocks of the metamorphic basement and the allochthon eastward. High-angle normal faults of the Basin and Range disturbance form an eastern fault margin across which the northeastern Rincon Mountains have been uplifted. The deformation recorded in the northeastern Rincon Mountains is interpreted to reflect mid-Tertiary crustal extension. Early structural elements define a ductile shear zone which is either truncated or overprinted by a subsequently thinner zone of brittle shear. The shear zone descends stratigraphically westward across the Rincon Mountains. Reconstructions of its mid-Tertiary configuration show the shear zone to be a surface of normal-slip. Displacement near the surface is by brittle shear, but is progressively replaced by ductile shear down-dip. Evolution of the surface superimposes the region of brittle shear against the region of ductile shear. Late Cenozoic block faulting has segmented, tilted, and exhumed the surface.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeDissertation-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.subjectGeology -- Arizona -- Rincon Mountains.en_US
dc.subjectGeology, Structural.en_US
dc.subjectFaults (Geology) -- Arizona -- Rincon Mountains.en_US
dc.subjectGeology -- Arizona -- Pima County.en_US
dc.subjectGeology -- Arizona -- Cochise County.en_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGeosciencesen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorDavis, George A.en_US
dc.contributor.chairDavis, George A.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberConey, Peteren_US
dc.contributor.committeememberDamon, Paulen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberGanguly, Jibamitraen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberLoomis, Timothen_US
dc.identifier.proquest8217381en_US
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