Mechanical and viscoelastic properties of materials by instrumented indentation.

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/187224
Title:
Mechanical and viscoelastic properties of materials by instrumented indentation.
Author:
Poisl, William Howard, III.
Issue Date:
1995
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
The mechanical properties of small volumes of material have received increasing attention in the past decade due to the extensive use of films and coatings in microelectronic devices and as protection against wear and corrosion. The mechanical properties of thin films of a given material are often substantially different from those of the identical bulk material. Instrumented, or ultra-low load, indentation instruments are capable of measuring the elastic, plastic and time-dependent properties of small volumes of materials. A two stage area model has been developed to predict the variation in measured hardness with depth of penetration for soft films on hard substrates. The model is able to predict the variation for depths of penetration less than and greater than the film thickness. The model incorporates constraints on the film hardness based on the uniaxial compression of a flat cylindrical disk. Friction, or adhesion, at the film/substrate interface causes the film hardness to increase as the depth of penetration increases. However, the film hardness is not allowed to increase beyond the substrate hardness. The model is compared to experimental hardness versus depth data for three different film/substrate systems with different levels of adhesion. Time-dependent properties of materials are obtainable from instrumented indentation tests by measuring the force and displacement as a function of time. Indentation creep experiments on a linear viscoelastic material, amorphous selenium, were used to establish the relationship between indentation strain rate and the strain rate measured in conventional creep tests. Equations for determining viscosity from indentation tests were also obtained. Finally, it was shown that stress relaxation functions for viscoelastic materials may be obtainable from indentation creep experiments.
Type:
text; Dissertation-Reproduction (electronic)
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Materials Science and Engineering; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Committee Chair:
Fabes

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleMechanical and viscoelastic properties of materials by instrumented indentation.en_US
dc.creatorPoisl, William Howard, III.en_US
dc.contributor.authorPoisl, William Howard, III.en_US
dc.date.issued1995en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractThe mechanical properties of small volumes of material have received increasing attention in the past decade due to the extensive use of films and coatings in microelectronic devices and as protection against wear and corrosion. The mechanical properties of thin films of a given material are often substantially different from those of the identical bulk material. Instrumented, or ultra-low load, indentation instruments are capable of measuring the elastic, plastic and time-dependent properties of small volumes of materials. A two stage area model has been developed to predict the variation in measured hardness with depth of penetration for soft films on hard substrates. The model is able to predict the variation for depths of penetration less than and greater than the film thickness. The model incorporates constraints on the film hardness based on the uniaxial compression of a flat cylindrical disk. Friction, or adhesion, at the film/substrate interface causes the film hardness to increase as the depth of penetration increases. However, the film hardness is not allowed to increase beyond the substrate hardness. The model is compared to experimental hardness versus depth data for three different film/substrate systems with different levels of adhesion. Time-dependent properties of materials are obtainable from instrumented indentation tests by measuring the force and displacement as a function of time. Indentation creep experiments on a linear viscoelastic material, amorphous selenium, were used to establish the relationship between indentation strain rate and the strain rate measured in conventional creep tests. Equations for determining viscosity from indentation tests were also obtained. Finally, it was shown that stress relaxation functions for viscoelastic materials may be obtainable from indentation creep experiments.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeDissertation-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineMaterials Science and Engineeringen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.chairFabesen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberMelosh, H. Jayen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberZelinski, Brian J. J.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberUhlmann, Donald R.en_US
dc.identifier.proquest9603372en_US
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