Design and synthesis of receptor-selective peptide ligands, and the synthesis of unnatural amino acids.

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/187116
Title:
Design and synthesis of receptor-selective peptide ligands, and the synthesis of unnatural amino acids.
Author:
Lung, Feng-Di Tiffany.
Issue Date:
1995
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
The discovery of endogenous opioid peptides has greatly accelerated research in opioid chemistry and biology. Studies of the physiological and pharmalogical roles of these receptors require highly potent and receptor-selective ligands for μ, δ, and κ receptors. The major goal of this project is to design and synthesize highly potent and κ receptor-selective dynorphin A analogues with specific conformational and topographical features. Therefore, a series of linear and cyclic dynorphin A analogues with global and/or local conformational constraints have been designed, synthesized, and evaluated for their biological activities. Several leads from dynorphin A analogues have been developed, and have provided new insights into requirements for high κ receptor-selectivity and potency. The incorporation of side chain conformationally constrained amino acids can provide new insights into topographical requirements for peptide ligand-receptor binding. An efficient synthesis of 2', β-dimethyltyrosine in large quantities and a new strategy of the synthesis of optically pure isomers of β-methylphenylalanine derivatives have been developed. These unnatural amino acids can be incorporated into peptides for the development of novel peptides with high potency and enhanced receptor-selectivity.
Type:
text; Dissertation-Reproduction (electronic)
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Chemistry; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Committee Chair:
Hruby, Victor J.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleDesign and synthesis of receptor-selective peptide ligands, and the synthesis of unnatural amino acids.en_US
dc.creatorLung, Feng-Di Tiffany.en_US
dc.contributor.authorLung, Feng-Di Tiffany.en_US
dc.date.issued1995en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractThe discovery of endogenous opioid peptides has greatly accelerated research in opioid chemistry and biology. Studies of the physiological and pharmalogical roles of these receptors require highly potent and receptor-selective ligands for μ, δ, and κ receptors. The major goal of this project is to design and synthesize highly potent and κ receptor-selective dynorphin A analogues with specific conformational and topographical features. Therefore, a series of linear and cyclic dynorphin A analogues with global and/or local conformational constraints have been designed, synthesized, and evaluated for their biological activities. Several leads from dynorphin A analogues have been developed, and have provided new insights into requirements for high κ receptor-selectivity and potency. The incorporation of side chain conformationally constrained amino acids can provide new insights into topographical requirements for peptide ligand-receptor binding. An efficient synthesis of 2', β-dimethyltyrosine in large quantities and a new strategy of the synthesis of optically pure isomers of β-methylphenylalanine derivatives have been developed. These unnatural amino acids can be incorporated into peptides for the development of novel peptides with high potency and enhanced receptor-selectivity.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeDissertation-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineChemistryen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.chairHruby, Victor J.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberO'Brien, David F.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberBates, Robert B.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberBarfield, Michaelen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberMartin, Arnold R.en_US
dc.identifier.proquest9531134en_US
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