PARASITISM OF LYGUS SPP. EGGS BY THE MYMARID WASP ANAPHES OVIJENTATUS (CROSBY AND LEONARD).

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/187035
Title:
PARASITISM OF LYGUS SPP. EGGS BY THE MYMARID WASP ANAPHES OVIJENTATUS (CROSBY AND LEONARD).
Author:
JACKSON, CHARLES GLENWOOD.
Issue Date:
1982
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
Various biological relationships between the myramid egg parasite, Anaphes ovijentatus (Crosby and Leonard), and its hosts were studied. Eggs of the four major species of Lygus that occur on crops were highly parasitized. Other mirid hosts in southern Arizona were collected from weeds in agricultural areas. Small numbers of Nabis alternatus Parshley and N. americoferus Carayon, predators of several insect pests, were parasitized in the laboratory. The membracid Spissistilus festinus (Say) was an infrequent host. Parasitism of L. hesperus was similar (82-88%) for eggs 1-6 days old at 25°C, but parasitism of 7-day-old eggs was significantly reduced (18.9%). Parasitism must occur at least 24 hours prior to host egg hatch to be successful; the period of time required for A. ovijentatus egg development. Anaphes ovijentatus developed from egg to adult in L. hesperus eggs at a constant temperature of 12.8°C and at variable regimes with means of 12.8, 10.6, and 32.8°C. An average of 26 progeny per female were produced at the variable 12.8 and 10.6°C regimes, only a few progeny were produced at a constant 12.8°C and none were produced at the variable 32.8°C regime. Lygus hesperus eggs hatched at all four temperature regimes, but nymphs survived to adulthood only at the variable regimes of 12.8 and 10.6°C. Total egg to egg periods at the variable 12.8°C was approximately 103 days for L. hesperus and about 54 days for A. ovijentatus. The majority of the L. hesperus eggs were deposited in the upper halves of cotton, alfalfa, and the crucifer Sisymbrium irio L. plants. L. hesperus deposited more eggs in alfalfa than in cotton plants, but showed no preference between alfalfa and S. irio. Anaphes ovijentatus did not demonstrate clear preferences for L. hesperus eggs in any plant species or plant section.
Type:
text; Dissertation-Reproduction (electronic)
Keywords:
Anaphes ovijentatus.; Lygus.; Host-parasite relationships.; Insect pests -- Control -- Biological control.
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Entomology; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titlePARASITISM OF LYGUS SPP. EGGS BY THE MYMARID WASP ANAPHES OVIJENTATUS (CROSBY AND LEONARD).en_US
dc.creatorJACKSON, CHARLES GLENWOOD.en_US
dc.contributor.authorJACKSON, CHARLES GLENWOOD.en_US
dc.date.issued1982en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractVarious biological relationships between the myramid egg parasite, Anaphes ovijentatus (Crosby and Leonard), and its hosts were studied. Eggs of the four major species of Lygus that occur on crops were highly parasitized. Other mirid hosts in southern Arizona were collected from weeds in agricultural areas. Small numbers of Nabis alternatus Parshley and N. americoferus Carayon, predators of several insect pests, were parasitized in the laboratory. The membracid Spissistilus festinus (Say) was an infrequent host. Parasitism of L. hesperus was similar (82-88%) for eggs 1-6 days old at 25°C, but parasitism of 7-day-old eggs was significantly reduced (18.9%). Parasitism must occur at least 24 hours prior to host egg hatch to be successful; the period of time required for A. ovijentatus egg development. Anaphes ovijentatus developed from egg to adult in L. hesperus eggs at a constant temperature of 12.8°C and at variable regimes with means of 12.8, 10.6, and 32.8°C. An average of 26 progeny per female were produced at the variable 12.8 and 10.6°C regimes, only a few progeny were produced at a constant 12.8°C and none were produced at the variable 32.8°C regime. Lygus hesperus eggs hatched at all four temperature regimes, but nymphs survived to adulthood only at the variable regimes of 12.8 and 10.6°C. Total egg to egg periods at the variable 12.8°C was approximately 103 days for L. hesperus and about 54 days for A. ovijentatus. The majority of the L. hesperus eggs were deposited in the upper halves of cotton, alfalfa, and the crucifer Sisymbrium irio L. plants. L. hesperus deposited more eggs in alfalfa than in cotton plants, but showed no preference between alfalfa and S. irio. Anaphes ovijentatus did not demonstrate clear preferences for L. hesperus eggs in any plant species or plant section.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeDissertation-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.subjectAnaphes ovijentatus.en_US
dc.subjectLygus.en_US
dc.subjectHost-parasite relationships.en_US
dc.subjectInsect pests -- Control -- Biological control.en_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineEntomologyen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberWatson, Theo F.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberHuber, Roger T.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberSmith, E. Lamaren_US
dc.contributor.committeememberKlemmedson, James O.en_US
dc.identifier.proquest8217426en_US
dc.identifier.oclc681958838en_US
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