Stochastic finite element method for the reliability analysis of nonlinear frames with PR connections.

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/186898
Title:
Stochastic finite element method for the reliability analysis of nonlinear frames with PR connections.
Author:
Gao, Liwei.
Issue Date:
1994
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
A nonlinear stochastic finite element-based procedure is developed for reliability analyses of structures. The procedure is based on the First Order Reliability Method. The failure criteria of structures are expressed in terms of the ultimate and serviceability state functions. The adjoint variable method is used to formulate the computation of the gradient vector. The assumed stress-based finite element method is used to compute nonlinear structural responses and the corresponding response gradients for steel frames. Nonlinearities due to geometry, material and partially restrained connections are considered in the procedure. A computational model based on the Richard model is developed to address the uncertain properties of partially restrained connections. The material properties, geometric properties, connections parameters and external loads are considered as random variables. Several observations with design implications are made from numerical examples. Frames designed considering strength may not be acceptable when serviceability is considered. The presence of partially restrained connections changes the stress distribution in frames and makes frames more flexible so that serviceability could become the governing limit state. It is essential to properly consider the presence of partially restrained connections in the analysis and design of frames. The proposed method can be used as an alternative to the currently available methods to design a structure and evaluate the corresponding reliability. As an extended study, an efficient finite element-based procedure is also developed for estimating nonlinear responses of complex two or three dimensional steel frames with partially restrained connections under dynamic and seismic excitations. The hysteretic behavior of partially restrained connections are modeled by using the Masing rule combined with the Richard model to describe the loading, unloading and reverse loading paths for connections. Numerical examples show that this procedure is accurate and efficient compared with other existing nonlinear methods.
Type:
text; Dissertation-Reproduction (electronic)
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Civil Engineering and Engineering Mechanics; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Committee Chair:
Haldar, Achintya

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleStochastic finite element method for the reliability analysis of nonlinear frames with PR connections.en_US
dc.creatorGao, Liwei.en_US
dc.contributor.authorGao, Liwei.en_US
dc.date.issued1994en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractA nonlinear stochastic finite element-based procedure is developed for reliability analyses of structures. The procedure is based on the First Order Reliability Method. The failure criteria of structures are expressed in terms of the ultimate and serviceability state functions. The adjoint variable method is used to formulate the computation of the gradient vector. The assumed stress-based finite element method is used to compute nonlinear structural responses and the corresponding response gradients for steel frames. Nonlinearities due to geometry, material and partially restrained connections are considered in the procedure. A computational model based on the Richard model is developed to address the uncertain properties of partially restrained connections. The material properties, geometric properties, connections parameters and external loads are considered as random variables. Several observations with design implications are made from numerical examples. Frames designed considering strength may not be acceptable when serviceability is considered. The presence of partially restrained connections changes the stress distribution in frames and makes frames more flexible so that serviceability could become the governing limit state. It is essential to properly consider the presence of partially restrained connections in the analysis and design of frames. The proposed method can be used as an alternative to the currently available methods to design a structure and evaluate the corresponding reliability. As an extended study, an efficient finite element-based procedure is also developed for estimating nonlinear responses of complex two or three dimensional steel frames with partially restrained connections under dynamic and seismic excitations. The hysteretic behavior of partially restrained connections are modeled by using the Masing rule combined with the Richard model to describe the loading, unloading and reverse loading paths for connections. Numerical examples show that this procedure is accurate and efficient compared with other existing nonlinear methods.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeDissertation-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineCivil Engineering and Engineering Mechanicsen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.chairHaldar, Achintyaen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberRichard, Ralphen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberSaadatmanesh, Hamiden_US
dc.contributor.committeememberKiousis, Panosen_US
dc.identifier.proquest9517514en_US
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