TRANSFORMATIONS OF SELECTED NITROGEN COMPOUNDS AS INFLUENCED BY SALT AND SULFUR (ARIZONA).

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/186780
Title:
TRANSFORMATIONS OF SELECTED NITROGEN COMPOUNDS AS INFLUENCED BY SALT AND SULFUR (ARIZONA).
Author:
MAKTARI, MOHAMMED SAEED.
Issue Date:
1983
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
Two laboratory experiments were conducted to study the effects of salt and nitrogen-sulfur compounds on the transformations of nitrogen in three Arizona soils. In the first experiment the effect of NaCl in concentrations of 0 to 1 m (molal) at moisture levels of 1/3 and 15 bars was studied in the Gila and Laveen loam soils. At 1/3 moisture nitrification of urea-¹⁵N and native soil nitrogen was appreciably reduced only at 1 m salt level. At 15 bars moisture, nitrification was almost completely inhibited by the 1 m salt concentration. Mineralization of soil nitrogen was reduced more by decreasing moisture than by increasing salt concentrations. Ammonia volatilization was increased by both salt and moisture stress and was associated with inhibition of nitrification. Slight effects of salt were observed on ¹⁵N immobilization and ¹⁵N recovery (including volatilization). In the second experiment nitrogen-sulphur combinations (¹⁵N labelled) of KNO₃, KNO₃ + S, urea, urea + S, APS (ammonia polysulfide) and Thiosul (ammonium thiosulfate) were studied at field capacity (FC) and 1.5 FC moistures. In the calcareous Gila soil nitrification was suppressed by the presence of sulfur at 1.5 FC moisture. Volatilization losses were appreciable only from APS. Immobilization of ¹⁵N was greatest from treatments with the higher sulfur rate (elemental S). Denitrification was slightly increased by sulfur at FC, however, at 1.5 FC dramatic losses occurred by denitrification (autotrophic in the presence of sulfur, especially with elemental S. The nitrifying ability of the slightly acid and coarse textured Sonoita soil was low. Nitrification was suppressed more by the presence of sulfur at both moistures. Ammonia volatilization was appreciable from APS followed by urea. ¹⁵N immobilization was high from urea followed by APS. Appreciable losses by denitrification occurred only with APS. The Sonoita soil showed a lower sulfur oxidizing power than the Gila with the only appreciable rate of oxidation from Thiosul followed by APS.
Type:
text; Dissertation-Reproduction (electronic)
Keywords:
Nitrification inhibitors -- Arizona.; Soils -- Nitrogen content -- Arizona.; Soils, Salts in -- Arizona.; Nitrification.; Soil moisture -- Arizona.
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Soils, Water and Engineering; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleTRANSFORMATIONS OF SELECTED NITROGEN COMPOUNDS AS INFLUENCED BY SALT AND SULFUR (ARIZONA).en_US
dc.creatorMAKTARI, MOHAMMED SAEED.en_US
dc.contributor.authorMAKTARI, MOHAMMED SAEED.en_US
dc.date.issued1983en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractTwo laboratory experiments were conducted to study the effects of salt and nitrogen-sulfur compounds on the transformations of nitrogen in three Arizona soils. In the first experiment the effect of NaCl in concentrations of 0 to 1 m (molal) at moisture levels of 1/3 and 15 bars was studied in the Gila and Laveen loam soils. At 1/3 moisture nitrification of urea-¹⁵N and native soil nitrogen was appreciably reduced only at 1 m salt level. At 15 bars moisture, nitrification was almost completely inhibited by the 1 m salt concentration. Mineralization of soil nitrogen was reduced more by decreasing moisture than by increasing salt concentrations. Ammonia volatilization was increased by both salt and moisture stress and was associated with inhibition of nitrification. Slight effects of salt were observed on ¹⁵N immobilization and ¹⁵N recovery (including volatilization). In the second experiment nitrogen-sulphur combinations (¹⁵N labelled) of KNO₃, KNO₃ + S, urea, urea + S, APS (ammonia polysulfide) and Thiosul (ammonium thiosulfate) were studied at field capacity (FC) and 1.5 FC moistures. In the calcareous Gila soil nitrification was suppressed by the presence of sulfur at 1.5 FC moisture. Volatilization losses were appreciable only from APS. Immobilization of ¹⁵N was greatest from treatments with the higher sulfur rate (elemental S). Denitrification was slightly increased by sulfur at FC, however, at 1.5 FC dramatic losses occurred by denitrification (autotrophic in the presence of sulfur, especially with elemental S. The nitrifying ability of the slightly acid and coarse textured Sonoita soil was low. Nitrification was suppressed more by the presence of sulfur at both moistures. Ammonia volatilization was appreciable from APS followed by urea. ¹⁵N immobilization was high from urea followed by APS. Appreciable losses by denitrification occurred only with APS. The Sonoita soil showed a lower sulfur oxidizing power than the Gila with the only appreciable rate of oxidation from Thiosul followed by APS.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeDissertation-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.subjectNitrification inhibitors -- Arizona.en_US
dc.subjectSoils -- Nitrogen content -- Arizona.en_US
dc.subjectSoils, Salts in -- Arizona.en_US
dc.subjectNitrification.en_US
dc.subjectSoil moisture -- Arizona.en_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineSoils, Water and Engineeringen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.identifier.proquest8322647en_US
dc.identifier.oclc690020698en_US
All Items in UA Campus Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.