Design and synthesis of conformationally constrained glucagon analogues to study the conformational features important for glucagon bioactivity.

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/186227
Title:
Design and synthesis of conformationally constrained glucagon analogues to study the conformational features important for glucagon bioactivity.
Author:
Lin, Ying.
Issue Date:
1993
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
We have synthesized ten glucagon analogues that are either conformationally constrained systematically in the middle portion of the molecule, or modified from the known superagonist analogue [Lys¹⁷,¹⁸, Glu²¹]glucagon to study the structure-activity relationships of glucagon. The analogues were prepared using the solid-phase peptide synthesis method. Cyclizations were accomplished by forming the side chain lactam (amide) bridges on the resin. All peptide analogues were cleaved from the solid support, deprotected by the low-high HF procedure, and purified by a combination of gel filtration chromatography and dialysis followed by reverse-phase high performance liquid chromatography. A new characterization method for cyclic glucagon analogues using fast atom bombardment mass spectrometry with endoproteinase Asp-N peptide mapping has been developed that has provided unequivocal confirmation of the presence and site of the rings as well as the amino acid compositions. Receptor binding and adenylate cyclase activity assays and circular dichroism spectroscopy have been used to reveal the role of the structure and conformation of the middle portion of the molecule. The effects of the modification of the 17, 18 and 21 positions on the superagonist activity have also been examined. Several key features of the peptide backbone conformation responsible for binding and transduction have been further studied by theoretical calculations and computer modeling (energy minimization) using the Sybyl program.
Type:
text; Dissertation-Reproduction (electronic)
Keywords:
Dissertations, Academic.; Biochemistry.; Chemistry, Organic.
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Chemistry; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Committee Chair:
Hruby, Victor J.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleDesign and synthesis of conformationally constrained glucagon analogues to study the conformational features important for glucagon bioactivity.en_US
dc.creatorLin, Ying.en_US
dc.contributor.authorLin, Ying.en_US
dc.date.issued1993en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractWe have synthesized ten glucagon analogues that are either conformationally constrained systematically in the middle portion of the molecule, or modified from the known superagonist analogue [Lys¹⁷,¹⁸, Glu²¹]glucagon to study the structure-activity relationships of glucagon. The analogues were prepared using the solid-phase peptide synthesis method. Cyclizations were accomplished by forming the side chain lactam (amide) bridges on the resin. All peptide analogues were cleaved from the solid support, deprotected by the low-high HF procedure, and purified by a combination of gel filtration chromatography and dialysis followed by reverse-phase high performance liquid chromatography. A new characterization method for cyclic glucagon analogues using fast atom bombardment mass spectrometry with endoproteinase Asp-N peptide mapping has been developed that has provided unequivocal confirmation of the presence and site of the rings as well as the amino acid compositions. Receptor binding and adenylate cyclase activity assays and circular dichroism spectroscopy have been used to reveal the role of the structure and conformation of the middle portion of the molecule. The effects of the modification of the 17, 18 and 21 positions on the superagonist activity have also been examined. Several key features of the peptide backbone conformation responsible for binding and transduction have been further studied by theoretical calculations and computer modeling (energy minimization) using the Sybyl program.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeDissertation-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.subjectDissertations, Academic.en_US
dc.subjectBiochemistry.en_US
dc.subjectChemistry, Organic.en_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineChemistryen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.chairHruby, Victor J.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberBates, Robert B.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberMash, Eugene A., Jr.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberLaw, John H.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberHadley, Mac E.en_US
dc.identifier.proquest9322736en_US
dc.identifier.oclc716272634en_US
All Items in UA Campus Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.