Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/186087
Title:
Electrophoresis of solutes in aqueous two-phase systems.
Author:
Levine, Mark Louis.
Issue Date:
1992
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
Electrophoresis of solutes was studied in aqueous two-phase systems, concentrating on the special behavior in the interfacial region. Moving boundary electrophoresis was examined in a free fluid U-tube apparatus. Zone electrophoresis was investigated in two-phase systems which were gelled by the addition of acrylamide, which was subsequently polymerized. The size and nature (concentration or dilution) of polarizations which were found to occur was found to depend on the magnitude of the equilibrium partition coefficient of the solute in the two-phase system, as well as the direction of migration across the interface. These polarizations are in addition to those commonly known to occur near regions where electrophoretic flux changes radically, such as near interfaces. They can be a direct result of the requirement for equilibrium across the interface, as demonstrated by our experiments. Models were constructed to numerically simulate this behavior, which accounted for unsteady state electrophoresis and diffusion of multiple proteins or other amphoteric solutes. Two cases were explored, one requiring instantaneous solute equilibration across the interface, the other allowing for a resistance to mass transfer here. All models demonstrated a characteristic noted in experimental studies, concentration at interfaces when electrophoresis is from equilibrium preferred phase towards non-preferred phase. Furthermore, the equilibrium model correctly predicted the complex relationship between partition coefficient, direction of migration, and moving boundary or zone electrophoresis, which causes differences in the polarizations observed in these various systems. The simulation could also quantitatively estimate the width of the polarized region to within an order of magnitude, in comparison with experimental results, while hampered by a lack of mobility data for solutes in solutions containing polymers.
Type:
text; Dissertation-Reproduction (electronic)
Keywords:
Electrophoresis.; Two-phase flow.; Transport theory.
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Chemical Engineering; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Committee Chair:
Bier, Milan; Cabezas, Jr., Heriberto

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleElectrophoresis of solutes in aqueous two-phase systems.en_US
dc.creatorLevine, Mark Louis.en_US
dc.contributor.authorLevine, Mark Louis.en_US
dc.date.issued1992en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractElectrophoresis of solutes was studied in aqueous two-phase systems, concentrating on the special behavior in the interfacial region. Moving boundary electrophoresis was examined in a free fluid U-tube apparatus. Zone electrophoresis was investigated in two-phase systems which were gelled by the addition of acrylamide, which was subsequently polymerized. The size and nature (concentration or dilution) of polarizations which were found to occur was found to depend on the magnitude of the equilibrium partition coefficient of the solute in the two-phase system, as well as the direction of migration across the interface. These polarizations are in addition to those commonly known to occur near regions where electrophoretic flux changes radically, such as near interfaces. They can be a direct result of the requirement for equilibrium across the interface, as demonstrated by our experiments. Models were constructed to numerically simulate this behavior, which accounted for unsteady state electrophoresis and diffusion of multiple proteins or other amphoteric solutes. Two cases were explored, one requiring instantaneous solute equilibration across the interface, the other allowing for a resistance to mass transfer here. All models demonstrated a characteristic noted in experimental studies, concentration at interfaces when electrophoresis is from equilibrium preferred phase towards non-preferred phase. Furthermore, the equilibrium model correctly predicted the complex relationship between partition coefficient, direction of migration, and moving boundary or zone electrophoresis, which causes differences in the polarizations observed in these various systems. The simulation could also quantitatively estimate the width of the polarized region to within an order of magnitude, in comparison with experimental results, while hampered by a lack of mobility data for solutes in solutions containing polymers.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeDissertation-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.subjectElectrophoresis.en_US
dc.subjectTwo-phase flow.en_US
dc.subjectTransport theory.en_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineChemical Engineeringen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.chairBier, Milanen_US
dc.contributor.chairCabezas, Jr., Heribertoen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberPeterson, Thomas W.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberMonfort, William R.en_US
dc.identifier.proquest9310596en_US
dc.identifier.oclc705385553en_US
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