The efficient separation of platinum group metals using centrifugal partition chromatography.

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/186074
Title:
The efficient separation of platinum group metals using centrifugal partition chromatography.
Author:
Surakitbanharn, Yosyong.
Issue Date:
1992
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
Centrifugal Partition Chromatography (CPC) is a multistage liquid-liquid countercurrent distribution technique which utilizes rotating teflon cartridges to hold a liquid phase stationary while the other liquid phase is pumped at a constant flow rate. It has been demonstrated to be a valuable technique for the base line separations of families of metal ions such as the platinum group metals (PGM)--Pt, Pd, Rh and Ir. The separations of these metals as their anionic chloro complexes were achieved using the heptane-water phase pair with a stable and relatively inexpensive extractant trioctylphosphine oxide (TOPO) functioning as a ligand in its neutral form and as a cation in its protonated form. A striking feature of the chromatograms of the complexes and ion pairs were their much poorer efficiencies compared to the efficiency of an organic analyte like 3-picoline under identical distribution rations. The inefficiencies of the PGM separations were also a function of the concentrations of the aqueous and organic phase components. These inefficiencies could be attributed to slow kinetics of the back extraction of the complexes and ion pairs and could be used to derive the mechanisms of these slow chemical kinetic steps. A correlation was established for the Pd(II) system between the CPC inefficiencies and the half lives of the slow reactions measured independently by stopped flow in micelles. This correlation was utilized to derive the rate constants for the back extraction of the TOPO complexes and ion pairs of Pt and Ir. The mechanisms of the extraction reactions were derived using the principle of microscopic reversibility based on the mechanisms of the back extraction reactions. This was then used to obtain estimates for the rate constants for the extraction reactions as well. The PGM were thus separated and their equilibrium and kinetics (extraction and back extraction) completely characterized using CPC. This is a significant development with CPC because such complete equilibrium and kinetic characterizations are hard to achieve with conventional liquid chromatographic techniques.
Type:
text; Dissertation-Reproduction (electronic)
Keywords:
Dissertations, Academic.; Chemistry, Analytic.
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Chemistry; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Committee Chair:
Freiser, Henry

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleThe efficient separation of platinum group metals using centrifugal partition chromatography.en_US
dc.creatorSurakitbanharn, Yosyong.en_US
dc.contributor.authorSurakitbanharn, Yosyong.en_US
dc.date.issued1992en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractCentrifugal Partition Chromatography (CPC) is a multistage liquid-liquid countercurrent distribution technique which utilizes rotating teflon cartridges to hold a liquid phase stationary while the other liquid phase is pumped at a constant flow rate. It has been demonstrated to be a valuable technique for the base line separations of families of metal ions such as the platinum group metals (PGM)--Pt, Pd, Rh and Ir. The separations of these metals as their anionic chloro complexes were achieved using the heptane-water phase pair with a stable and relatively inexpensive extractant trioctylphosphine oxide (TOPO) functioning as a ligand in its neutral form and as a cation in its protonated form. A striking feature of the chromatograms of the complexes and ion pairs were their much poorer efficiencies compared to the efficiency of an organic analyte like 3-picoline under identical distribution rations. The inefficiencies of the PGM separations were also a function of the concentrations of the aqueous and organic phase components. These inefficiencies could be attributed to slow kinetics of the back extraction of the complexes and ion pairs and could be used to derive the mechanisms of these slow chemical kinetic steps. A correlation was established for the Pd(II) system between the CPC inefficiencies and the half lives of the slow reactions measured independently by stopped flow in micelles. This correlation was utilized to derive the rate constants for the back extraction of the TOPO complexes and ion pairs of Pt and Ir. The mechanisms of the extraction reactions were derived using the principle of microscopic reversibility based on the mechanisms of the back extraction reactions. This was then used to obtain estimates for the rate constants for the extraction reactions as well. The PGM were thus separated and their equilibrium and kinetics (extraction and back extraction) completely characterized using CPC. This is a significant development with CPC because such complete equilibrium and kinetic characterizations are hard to achieve with conventional liquid chromatographic techniques.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeDissertation-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.subjectDissertations, Academic.en_US
dc.subjectChemistry, Analytic.en_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineChemistryen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.chairFreiser, Henryen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberMill, Walten_US
dc.contributor.committeememberBurke, Michael F.en_US
dc.identifier.proquest9309034en_US
dc.identifier.oclc714161135en_US
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