The cloning and characterization of a Bordetella pertussis gene encoding a putative hemolysin.

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/185908
Title:
The cloning and characterization of a Bordetella pertussis gene encoding a putative hemolysin.
Author:
Bannan, Jason David.
Issue Date:
1992
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
Bordetella pertussis, the etiologic agent of whooping cough or pertussis, produces a multitude of virulence factors including a hemolysin. Virulent phase B. pertussis isolates are hemolytic, whereas avirulent isolates are not. Other investigations concerning B. pertussis adenylate cyclase toxin indicate it has hemolytic activity and is a member of the bacterial RTX toxin family. In an attempt to further characterize hemolysis by B. pertussis, a new B. pertussis gene was isolated which conferred a hemolytic phenotype on non-hemolytic E. coli. DNA sequencing of the putative B. pertussis hemolysin gene revealed it encoded a 27 kDa protein similar to HlyX, an FNR-like transcriptional regulator from Actinobacillus pleuropneumonia, which also confers hemolysis upon E. coli. No similarity to bacterial cytolysins was found. The B. pertussis transcriptional regulator-like gene and its encoded protein were named btr and BTR, respectively. BJB1, a BTR deficient B. pertussis strain was constructed. The btr::kan mutation was shown to have no effect on the production, or phenotypic modulation, of hemolysis by B. pertussis. BTR production was not regulated by the BvgA-S two component sensor-regulator. An FNR deficient E. coli, JRG1728 (Δfnr), was transformed with a btr recombinant plasmid pHLY1A. The B. pertussis btr gene complemented the FNR deficient E. coli to grow anaerobically on a non-fermentable carbon source. This suggested that BTR may function as a B. pertussis transcriptional regulator which responds to anoxic conditions.
Type:
text; Dissertation-Reproduction (electronic)
Keywords:
Dissertations, Academic.; Genetics.; Bordetella pertussis.
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Microbiology and Immunology; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Friedman, Richard

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleThe cloning and characterization of a Bordetella pertussis gene encoding a putative hemolysin.en_US
dc.creatorBannan, Jason David.en_US
dc.contributor.authorBannan, Jason David.en_US
dc.date.issued1992en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractBordetella pertussis, the etiologic agent of whooping cough or pertussis, produces a multitude of virulence factors including a hemolysin. Virulent phase B. pertussis isolates are hemolytic, whereas avirulent isolates are not. Other investigations concerning B. pertussis adenylate cyclase toxin indicate it has hemolytic activity and is a member of the bacterial RTX toxin family. In an attempt to further characterize hemolysis by B. pertussis, a new B. pertussis gene was isolated which conferred a hemolytic phenotype on non-hemolytic E. coli. DNA sequencing of the putative B. pertussis hemolysin gene revealed it encoded a 27 kDa protein similar to HlyX, an FNR-like transcriptional regulator from Actinobacillus pleuropneumonia, which also confers hemolysis upon E. coli. No similarity to bacterial cytolysins was found. The B. pertussis transcriptional regulator-like gene and its encoded protein were named btr and BTR, respectively. BJB1, a BTR deficient B. pertussis strain was constructed. The btr::kan mutation was shown to have no effect on the production, or phenotypic modulation, of hemolysis by B. pertussis. BTR production was not regulated by the BvgA-S two component sensor-regulator. An FNR deficient E. coli, JRG1728 (Δfnr), was transformed with a btr recombinant plasmid pHLY1A. The B. pertussis btr gene complemented the FNR deficient E. coli to grow anaerobically on a non-fermentable carbon source. This suggested that BTR may function as a B. pertussis transcriptional regulator which responds to anoxic conditions.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeDissertation-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.subjectDissertations, Academic.en_US
dc.subjectGenetics.en_US
dc.subjectBordetella pertussis.en_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineMicrobiology and Immunologyen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorFriedman, Richarden_US
dc.contributor.committeememberRyan, Kennethen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberAdam, Rodney D.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberJoens, Lynnen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberKomm, Barryen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberBernstein, Harrisen_US
dc.identifier.proquest9234903en_US
dc.identifier.oclc712796922en_US
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