Age-related differences in human total body water relative to fat-free body mass.

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/185685
Title:
Age-related differences in human total body water relative to fat-free body mass.
Author:
Hewitt, Michael John.
Issue Date:
1991
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
The objective of this investigation was to identify the appropriate isotopic fractionation factor for total body water (TBW) from ²H₂O enrichment in respiratory water vapor (RW) compared to serum (S), then to use the RW technique to estimate absolute TBW volumes and TBW relative to fat-free body mass (FFB) in three age groups (prepubescent, PP, age = 5-10 y; young adult, YA, age = 22-39 y; older adult, OA age = 65-84 y) of healthy white males and females. The effects of analytical technique (infrared spectrophotometry, IR versus isotope-ratio mass spectrometry, IRMS) and ambient relative humidity on estimates of TBW were also investigated. The composition of the FFB was estimated using a multi-component statistical model (body density, TBW and bone mineral density), and the errors associated with the traditional two-component formula for percent fat from body density were calculated. Our results demonstrated a significant (p < 0.0001) ²H₂O fractionation effect of 0.971 ± 0.005 (mean ± SEM, n = 36) for TBW from RW compared to S. Analysis by IR and IRMS were highly correlated (R² =.999) but IR values were significantly (p < 0.001) higher than IRMS. Deuterium enrichment in RW samples collected at ambient RH (∼20%) was significantly higher (Δ = 20.2 ± 4.5 ppm, mean ± SEM, p < 0.0005) than in RW samples collected at 100% RH, roughly equivalent to a 1.2 L (3.2%) difference in TBW. Total body water relative to FFB mass (W/FFB) was lower (p < 0.01) in YA males (71.0 ± 1.0%) and females (70.2 ± 1.3%) than in PP (boys = 73.1 ± 1.6%; girls = 72.2 ± 1.4%, mean ± SD). In OA, W/FFB was higher (p < 0.05) than in YA (OAM = 72.6 ± 1.1%; OAF = 72.2 ± 1.4%). The density of the FFB was 1.0996 and 1.0839 g/ml in OAM and OAF, respectively. Percent fat from density plus TBW and BMD was lower than from density alone in all groups but YA males, where it was 2.4 percent fat higher. In PP, the Siri density formula resulted in an overestimate of 5.8 ± 2.6 percent fat (mean ± SD, range = 1.4 to 13.6%). In OA females, the density formula overestimated percent fat by 4.4 ± 2.8% (range = 0 to 10.4%). In conclusion, RW corrected for isotopic fractionation will provide acceptable estimates of TBW, although the effects of analytical technique and RH should be controlled. The existence of age-related differences in FFB composition causes errors when the two-component model is used to estimate percent fat in PP and OA females.
Type:
text; Dissertation-Reproduction (electronic)
Keywords:
Body composition; Adipose tissues.
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Animal Physiology; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Lohman, Timothy G.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleAge-related differences in human total body water relative to fat-free body mass.en_US
dc.creatorHewitt, Michael John.en_US
dc.contributor.authorHewitt, Michael John.en_US
dc.date.issued1991en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractThe objective of this investigation was to identify the appropriate isotopic fractionation factor for total body water (TBW) from ²H₂O enrichment in respiratory water vapor (RW) compared to serum (S), then to use the RW technique to estimate absolute TBW volumes and TBW relative to fat-free body mass (FFB) in three age groups (prepubescent, PP, age = 5-10 y; young adult, YA, age = 22-39 y; older adult, OA age = 65-84 y) of healthy white males and females. The effects of analytical technique (infrared spectrophotometry, IR versus isotope-ratio mass spectrometry, IRMS) and ambient relative humidity on estimates of TBW were also investigated. The composition of the FFB was estimated using a multi-component statistical model (body density, TBW and bone mineral density), and the errors associated with the traditional two-component formula for percent fat from body density were calculated. Our results demonstrated a significant (p < 0.0001) ²H₂O fractionation effect of 0.971 ± 0.005 (mean ± SEM, n = 36) for TBW from RW compared to S. Analysis by IR and IRMS were highly correlated (R² =.999) but IR values were significantly (p < 0.001) higher than IRMS. Deuterium enrichment in RW samples collected at ambient RH (∼20%) was significantly higher (Δ = 20.2 ± 4.5 ppm, mean ± SEM, p < 0.0005) than in RW samples collected at 100% RH, roughly equivalent to a 1.2 L (3.2%) difference in TBW. Total body water relative to FFB mass (W/FFB) was lower (p < 0.01) in YA males (71.0 ± 1.0%) and females (70.2 ± 1.3%) than in PP (boys = 73.1 ± 1.6%; girls = 72.2 ± 1.4%, mean ± SD). In OA, W/FFB was higher (p < 0.05) than in YA (OAM = 72.6 ± 1.1%; OAF = 72.2 ± 1.4%). The density of the FFB was 1.0996 and 1.0839 g/ml in OAM and OAF, respectively. Percent fat from density plus TBW and BMD was lower than from density alone in all groups but YA males, where it was 2.4 percent fat higher. In PP, the Siri density formula resulted in an overestimate of 5.8 ± 2.6 percent fat (mean ± SD, range = 1.4 to 13.6%). In OA females, the density formula overestimated percent fat by 4.4 ± 2.8% (range = 0 to 10.4%). In conclusion, RW corrected for isotopic fractionation will provide acceptable estimates of TBW, although the effects of analytical technique and RH should be controlled. The existence of age-related differences in FFB composition causes errors when the two-component model is used to estimate percent fat in PP and OA females.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeDissertation-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.subjectBody compositionen_US
dc.subjectAdipose tissues.en_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineAnimal Physiologyen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorLohman, Timothy G.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberRoby, Fred B.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberTipton, Charles M.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberGoing, Scott B.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberHoutkooper, Linda B.en_US
dc.identifier.proquest9210292en_US
dc.identifier.oclc701107986en_US
All Items in UA Campus Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.