THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SOLVENT EXTRACTION AND LIQUID CHROMATOGRAPHY (HPLC, STYRENE-DIVINYLBENZENE, COPOLYMER).

Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/185670
Title:
THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SOLVENT EXTRACTION AND LIQUID CHROMATOGRAPHY (HPLC, STYRENE-DIVINYLBENZENE, COPOLYMER).
Author:
ACHESON, EDWARD ROBERT.
Issue Date:
1983
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
The use of a new styrene-divinylbenzene copolymer bead, Showdex Polymerpak D-814, as a stationary phase in high-performance liquid chromatography is investigated. Unlike conventional silica-based stationary phases, copolymer beads may be used with both aqueous and organic mobile phases. The effect of the mobile phase on solute retention with the copolymer beads is described. Although the copolymer beads exhibit characteristics of both solid and liquid stationary phases, it is shown that the beads act primarily as a liquid when used with the mobile phases chosen for this work. It is further shown that solute retention on the beads results from dispersion interactions between the solute and the stationary phase. Batch extraction distribution constants are determined to confirm the validity of the distribution model proposed. The chromatographic behavior of a variety of aromatic compounds is described. These range from polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons to substituted benzenes to phthalate esters. A quantitative measure of the effect of a substituent group on retention is developed from an analysis of the experimental results. This measure is then used to successfully predict the retention behavior of some disubstituted benzene compounds. Some model separations are developed to illustrate the usefulness of this measure. Finally, the implications of this work for gradient elution chromatography are discussed.
Type:
text; Dissertation-Reproduction (electronic)
Keywords:
Liquid chromatography.; Solvent extraction.
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Chemistry; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleTHE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SOLVENT EXTRACTION AND LIQUID CHROMATOGRAPHY (HPLC, STYRENE-DIVINYLBENZENE, COPOLYMER).en_US
dc.creatorACHESON, EDWARD ROBERT.en_US
dc.contributor.authorACHESON, EDWARD ROBERT.en_US
dc.date.issued1983en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractThe use of a new styrene-divinylbenzene copolymer bead, Showdex Polymerpak D-814, as a stationary phase in high-performance liquid chromatography is investigated. Unlike conventional silica-based stationary phases, copolymer beads may be used with both aqueous and organic mobile phases. The effect of the mobile phase on solute retention with the copolymer beads is described. Although the copolymer beads exhibit characteristics of both solid and liquid stationary phases, it is shown that the beads act primarily as a liquid when used with the mobile phases chosen for this work. It is further shown that solute retention on the beads results from dispersion interactions between the solute and the stationary phase. Batch extraction distribution constants are determined to confirm the validity of the distribution model proposed. The chromatographic behavior of a variety of aromatic compounds is described. These range from polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons to substituted benzenes to phthalate esters. A quantitative measure of the effect of a substituent group on retention is developed from an analysis of the experimental results. This measure is then used to successfully predict the retention behavior of some disubstituted benzene compounds. Some model separations are developed to illustrate the usefulness of this measure. Finally, the implications of this work for gradient elution chromatography are discussed.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeDissertation-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.subjectLiquid chromatography.en_US
dc.subjectSolvent extraction.en_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineChemistryen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.identifier.proquest8313468en_US
dc.identifier.oclc688484563en_US
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