Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/185635
Title:
The origins of hot subdwarf stars.
Author:
Saffer, Rex Anderson
Issue Date:
1991
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
High signal-to-noise optical spectrophotometry of a sample of field subluminous B stars drawn largely from the Palomar Green ultraviolet excess survey is analyzed with a new grid of model atmospheres and synthetic spectra. The stellar effective temperatures, surface gravities, and photospheric helium abundances are determined simultaneously from a detailed analysis of hydrogen and helium absorption line profiles. The derived temperatures and gravities place the subluminous B stars in the theoretical H-R diagram along and bounded below by theoretical sequences of the zero-age extended horizontal branch, lending strong support to the hypothesis that these stars are composed of helium-burning cores of ∼0.5 $M(⊙) overlain by very thin layers of hydrogen (≲0.02 M(⊙)). Various scenarios for their past evolutionary history are examined in the context of their probable future evolution into white dwarfs of lower than average mass. The derived distances above the Galactic plane support a scale height for the population of z₀ = 285 pc, consistent with the identification of their progenitor stars as members of the old disk population. Radial velocities of sdB and sdO stars are analyzed to infer their kinematic characteristics. The results for the sdB stars are inconclusive, but for the sdO stars the results also are consistent with the population belonging to the older part of the thin disk.
Type:
text; Dissertation-Reproduction (electronic)
Keywords:
Dwarf stars.
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Astronomy; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Liebert, James W.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleThe origins of hot subdwarf stars.en_US
dc.creatorSaffer, Rex Andersonen_US
dc.contributor.authorSaffer, Rex Andersonen_US
dc.date.issued1991en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractHigh signal-to-noise optical spectrophotometry of a sample of field subluminous B stars drawn largely from the Palomar Green ultraviolet excess survey is analyzed with a new grid of model atmospheres and synthetic spectra. The stellar effective temperatures, surface gravities, and photospheric helium abundances are determined simultaneously from a detailed analysis of hydrogen and helium absorption line profiles. The derived temperatures and gravities place the subluminous B stars in the theoretical H-R diagram along and bounded below by theoretical sequences of the zero-age extended horizontal branch, lending strong support to the hypothesis that these stars are composed of helium-burning cores of ∼0.5 $M(⊙) overlain by very thin layers of hydrogen (≲0.02 M(⊙)). Various scenarios for their past evolutionary history are examined in the context of their probable future evolution into white dwarfs of lower than average mass. The derived distances above the Galactic plane support a scale height for the population of z₀ = 285 pc, consistent with the identification of their progenitor stars as members of the old disk population. Radial velocities of sdB and sdO stars are analyzed to infer their kinematic characteristics. The results for the sdB stars are inconclusive, but for the sdO stars the results also are consistent with the population belonging to the older part of the thin disk.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeDissertation-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.subjectDwarf stars.en_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineAstronomyen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorLiebert, James W.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberArnett, W. Daviden_US
dc.contributor.committeememberSchmidt, Gary D.en_US
dc.identifier.proquest9208034en_US
dc.identifier.oclc703616463en_US
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