Persistent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/10150/185597
Title:
Speech breathing in Parkinson disease.
Author:
Solomon, Nancy Pearl.
Issue Date:
1991
Publisher:
The University of Arizona.
Rights:
Copyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
Abstract:
Speech breathing was investigated in 14 men with Parkinson disease (PD) and 14 healthy control (HC) subjects. Kinematic, spirometric, acoustic, and pressure data were used to assess speech breathing control during resting tidal breathing, reading aloud, and monologue production. In addition, information regarding the subjects' speech was obtained through perceptual analyses. To address the issue of fluctuations in motor signs data were collected at two times during the drug cycle for subjects with Parkinson disease. During resting tidal breathing, PD subjects, on average, had a faster breathing rate, greater minute ventilation, and lower relative contribution of the rib cage to lung volume excursion than did the HC subjects. During speech breathing, rib cage volume was smaller and abdominal volume was larger at initiation of the breath groups for the PD subjects than the HC subjects. PD subjects produced fewer words and spent less time producing speech per breath group, and tended to have a faster interpause speech rate than did the HC subjects. There was no difference between groups for the duration of inspirations between speech breath groups. Oral pressure was lower for the subjects with Parkinson disease, but tracheal pressure did not differ between the two subject groups. Few differences were found between the two times in the drug cycle for resting breathing and speech breathing. One remarkable finding was the presence of rib cage paradoxing in two subjects when data were collected from the mid-portion of the drug cycle.
Type:
text; Dissertation-Reproduction (electronic)
Keywords:
Dissertations, Academic; Parkinson's disease; Speech disorders.
Degree Name:
Ph.D.
Degree Level:
doctoral
Degree Program:
Speech and Hearing Sciences; Graduate College
Degree Grantor:
University of Arizona
Advisor:
Hixon, Thomas J.

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.titleSpeech breathing in Parkinson disease.en_US
dc.creatorSolomon, Nancy Pearl.en_US
dc.contributor.authorSolomon, Nancy Pearl.en_US
dc.date.issued1991en_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.description.abstractSpeech breathing was investigated in 14 men with Parkinson disease (PD) and 14 healthy control (HC) subjects. Kinematic, spirometric, acoustic, and pressure data were used to assess speech breathing control during resting tidal breathing, reading aloud, and monologue production. In addition, information regarding the subjects' speech was obtained through perceptual analyses. To address the issue of fluctuations in motor signs data were collected at two times during the drug cycle for subjects with Parkinson disease. During resting tidal breathing, PD subjects, on average, had a faster breathing rate, greater minute ventilation, and lower relative contribution of the rib cage to lung volume excursion than did the HC subjects. During speech breathing, rib cage volume was smaller and abdominal volume was larger at initiation of the breath groups for the PD subjects than the HC subjects. PD subjects produced fewer words and spent less time producing speech per breath group, and tended to have a faster interpause speech rate than did the HC subjects. There was no difference between groups for the duration of inspirations between speech breath groups. Oral pressure was lower for the subjects with Parkinson disease, but tracheal pressure did not differ between the two subject groups. Few differences were found between the two times in the drug cycle for resting breathing and speech breathing. One remarkable finding was the presence of rib cage paradoxing in two subjects when data were collected from the mid-portion of the drug cycle.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeDissertation-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.subjectDissertations, Academicen_US
dc.subjectParkinson's diseaseen_US
dc.subjectSpeech disorders.en_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineSpeech and Hearing Sciencesen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
dc.contributor.advisorHixon, Thomas J.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberHoit, Jeannette D.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberBayles, Kathryn A.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberLansing, Robert W.en_US
dc.identifier.proquest9200046en_US
dc.identifier.oclc711787413en_US
All Items in UA Campus Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.